John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl

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John Murray, I

Also Known As: "1st Duke of Athioll", "2nd Marquess of Atholl", "Marquess of Tullibardine", "Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle", "Viscount of Balquhidder", "Glenalmond and Glenlyon", "Lord Murray", "Balvenie and Gask"
Birthdate: (65)
Birthplace: Knowsley, Lancastershire, England
Death: November 14, 1724 (65)
Huntington Tower, Perthshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Tullibardine and Amelia Anna Sophia Stanley, Marchioness of Atholl
Husband of Catherine Hamilton and Hon. Mary Ross
Father of William Murray; Col. John Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine; Anne Murray; Mary Murray; William Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine and 15 others
Brother of Charles Murray, 1st Earl Of Dunmore; James Murray of Dowally; William Murray, 2nd Lord Nairne; Amelia Fraser; Sir Mungo Murray and 6 others
Half brother of George Murray

Managed by: Private User
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About John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl

icn_check.gif Burke's Beerage extract (Full document attached)

JOHN MURRAY, 1st Duke of Atholl, so created 30 June 1703, as also MARQUESS OF TILLIBARDIN [sic], EARL OF STRATHTAY AND STRATHARDLE, VISCOUNT OF BALWHIDDER [sic], GLENALMOND AND GLENLYON, AND LORD MURRAY, BALVENIE AND GASK, Co Perth (S), with remainder, in default of his own male issue, to the sons of his deceased f, and earlier 27 July 1696 EARL OF TULLIBARDIN, VISCOUNT GLENALMOND, and LORD MURRAY (S) for life only, KT (Feb 1703/4), PC (S temp WILLIAM III, GB 1712–14); born 24 Feb 1659/60; a Pncpl Sec State Scotland, High Commr S Parl 1696–98, Chllr St Andrews U 1697–1724, Lord Privy Seal Scotland 1703 and 1713–14, opposed Act of Union of 1707, Lord High Commr Gen Assembly Ch Scotland 1712–14, Extrdy Lord of Session 1712–24, rep S peer 1710–15, Ld-Lt Perthshire 1715–24; married 1st 24 May 1683 Lady Katharine Douglas later Hamilton (died 11 Jan 1707), daughter of William Duke of Hamilton and Anne, Duchess of Hamilton (qv) in her own right, and had, with two other sons and five other daughters: 1a John, Marquess of Tullibardine;


John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl, KT, PC (24 February 1660 – 14 November 1724) was a Scottish nobleman, politician, and soldier. He served in numerous positions during his life, and fought in the Glorious Revolution for William III and Mary II.

Murray was born in 1660 at Knowsley Palace to John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl and his wife, the former Lady Amelia Sophia Stanley. Murray's maternal grandparents were the 7th Earl of Derby and the Countess of Derby. He was the first of twelve children and, as opposed to continual speculation, he was not blind in any of his eyes at any time in his life. Lord Murray matriculated from St. Andrews University in 1676.

He was created 1st Earl of Tullibardine by William III of England in 1696 and was created the 1st Duke of Atholl by Queen Anne in 1703.

Lord Murray was a supporter of King William III during the Glorious Revolution, taking the oath of loyalty in September 1689, but was unable to prevent some of his clan from joining Lord Dundee under the command of his father's baillie, Stewart of Ballechin. Lord Murray laid siege to his family's ancestral home, Blair Castle, which Ballechin had fortified and held for King James VII/II but ended the siege just days prior to the Battle of Killiecrankie.

In 1683 he married Katherine Hamilton, daughter of Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton and her husband William Douglas, the Duke of Hamilton, with whom he had six daughters and seven sons; only six children survived into adulthood.

In 1693 he was appointed as one of the commissioners to the inquiry into the massacre of Glencoe. In 1695, Lord Murray was made Sheriff of Perth. In 1696 the earldom of Tullibardine was created for him, from whence he was known as the Earl of Tullibardine. Also in 1696, he became Secretary of State, and from 1696 to 1698 was Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland. With the accession of Queen Anne in 1702, he was made a Privy Counsellor, and in 1703 became Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland. The same year he succeeded his father as 2nd Marquess of Atholl, and in June 1703 he was created Duke of Atholl, Marquess of Tullibardine, Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle, Viscount of Balquhidder, Glenalmond and Glenlyon, and Lord Murray, Balvenie and Gask.

In 1704 was made a Knight of the Thistle. In 1704 an unsuccessful attempt was made by Lord Lovat, who used the Duke of Queensberry as a tool to implicate him in a Jacobite plot against Queen Anne. The intrigue was disclosed by Robert Ferguson, and Atholl sent a memorial to the Queen on the subject, which resulted in Queensberry's downfall. But the affair had a damaging effect on Murray's career, and he was deprived of office in October 1704. He subsequently became a strong antagonist of the government, and of the Hanoverian succession. He vehemently opposed Union during the years 1705-1707, and entered into a project which would have resisted the crown by force, holding Stirling Castle with the aid of the Cameronians, however, he chose to accept compensation of £1000 in order to desist with these plans (although in Lord Polwarth's memoirs the monies were not a 'bribe' as has been suggested by the Jacobite, Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath, but remuneration owed him since 1698 for service to the crown).

With the downfall of the Whigs and the advent of the Tories to power, Murray returned to favour and to office. He was chosen a representative peer in the House of Lords in 1710 and in 1712 was restored to his position as High Commissioner and Keeper of the Privy Seal.

With the accession of King George I he was again dismissed from office. Three of his sons joined the Jacobites in the rebellion of 1715, including his eldest living son who was subsequently attainted and removed from succession to the title, but Murray himself remained loyal to the Government. In June 1717 he apprehended Rob Roy MacGregor, who, however, succeeded in escaping.

Atholl died in 1724, and was succeeded by his second surviving son James, Marquess of Tullibardine.


By his first wife Lady Katherine, daughter of William Douglas-Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Hamilton and Anne Hamilton, 3rd Duchess of Hamilton, they had the following thirteen children:

  1. John Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine (6 May 1684 – 11 September 1709)
  2. Lady Anne Murray (21 May 1685 – 20 July 1686)
  3. Lady Mary Murray (28 September 1686 – 6 January 1689)
  4. William Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine (14 April 1689 – 9 July 1746) (attainted and removed from the succession)
  5. James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl (28 September 1690 – 8 January 1764)
  6. Lord Charles Murray (24 September 1691 – 28 August 1720)
  7. Lady Katherine Murray (28 October 1692 – 5 November 1692)
  8. Lord George Murray (23 August 1693 – 25 August 1693)
  9. Lord George Murray (4 October 1694 – 11 October 1760)
  10. Lady Susan Murray (15 April 1699 – 22 June 1725) (married William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen)
  11. Lady Katherine Murray (25 April 1702–1710)
  12. Lord Basil Murray (29 December 1704 – February 1712)

By his second wife Lady Mary Ross, daughter of William Ross, 12th Lord Ross and Lady Agnes Wilkie. They had the following eight children:

  1. Lord John Murray (14 April 1711 – 26 May 1787)
  2. Lord Mungo Murray (August 1712 – June 1714)
  3. Lord Edward Murray (9 June 1714 – 2 February 1737)
  4. Lord Frederick Murray (8 January 1716 – April 1743)
  5. Lady Wilhelmina Caroline Murray (28 May 1718 – May 1720)
  6. Lady Mary Murray (3 March 1720 – 29 December 1795)
  7. Lady Amelia Anne Murray (20 April 1721 – 26 April 1721)

Lord Macaulay described him as "the falsest, the most fickle, the most pusillanimous of mankind."

--- Page es 20-21

(102) John, 2nd Marquess of Atholl, icn_check.gif born 24th February 1659-60; died 14th November 1724. On 27th July 1696 he was created for life Earl of Tullibardine, Viscount Glenalmond, and Lord Murray. On 30th June 1703 he was created Duke of Atholl, Marquess of Tullibardine, Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle, Viscount of Balquhidder, Glenalmond, and Glenlyon, and Lord Murray, Balvenie, and Gask. He married, first, 24th May 1683, Katherine, daughter of William and Anne, Duke and Duchess of Hamilton. She died 17th January 1707, having had:

  • 102(a) John, Marquess of Tullibardine, born 6th May 1684 ; killed at battle of Malplaquet nth September 1709.
  • 102(b) William, Marquess of Tullibardine after his brother's death, born 14th April 1689; died unmarried in Tower of London 9th July 1746. He was "out" in 171 5 on the Jacobite side, and on 1st February 1717 he was created by Prince James Edward Duke of Rannoch, Marquis of Blair, Earl of Glen Tilt, Viscount of Glenshiel, and Lord Strathbran. He returned to Scotland in 1719 in the Jacobite interest, and was defeated at Glenshiel, when he again escaped to the Continent. In 1745 he returned to Scotland, and was arrested after Culloden and committed to the Tower.
  • 102(c) James, second Duke (No. 103 below).
  • 102(d) Charles Murray, born 24th September 1691. He was also "out" in 1715, was taken prisoner, sentenced to death, but reprieved. He died s.p. August 1720.
  • 102(e) George Murray, born 23rd, died 25th, August 1693.
  • 102(f) George (No. 104 below).
  • 102(g) Basil Murray, born 29th December 1704; died February 1712.

His Grace married, second, contract dated 26th June 1710, Mary, daughter of William, Lord Ross of Halkhead, who died 17th January 1767, leaving:

  • 102(h) John Murray of Pitnacree, bom 14th April 1711; died 26th May 1787. His Will recorded 9th March 1791 (Edinburgh). He was M. P., Perthshire, 1734-61. He married, 13th September 1758, Mary, daughter and heiress of Richard Dalton, of Sheffield, who died 21st May 1765, leaving a daughter.
  • 102(i) Mungo Murray, born August 1712; died June 1714.
  • 102(j) Edward Murray, born 9th June 1714 ; died 2nd February 1737. He married, 1732, Frances Harland, who died 16th October 1775, leaving a son:
  • 102(j)1 John Murray, died 18th June 1790. He was served heir to his uncle, Frederick, 3rd July 1756, and also to his grandfather, William, Lord Ross, 20th July 1757. He was Dean of Killaloe, and married Elizabeth Murray, daughter of William, third Earl of Dunmore. She died 24th, and was buried 30th, December 1820, in Holyrood. They had two daughters.
  • 102(k) Frederick Murray, born 8th January 1716; drowned unmarried 23rd April 1743.

ARMS recorded in Lyon Office, 1676-77 - First and fourth Grand Quarters: 1 and 4. Paly of six or and sable (Atholl). 2 and 3. Or, a /ess cliequy azure and argent (Stewart). Second and third Grand Quarters : Azure, three stars argent within a double tressure flory-counter-jlory or (Murray). CREST : A deini savage, holding in his right haiid a sword and in his left a key, all proper. SUPPORTERS : Dexter, A lion gules, collared azure, charged with three stars argent (this Supporter for Tullibardine) ; Sinister, A naked savage having his feet in fetters of iron, with one hand holding the chain and with the other the shield (this Supporter for Atholl). MOTTO : " Furth fortune and fill the fetters!' [Plate III., fig. 11.]

  • Name John MURRAY I
  • Immigration Date 1732
  • Immigration Place Scotland > Ireland > Pennsylvania
  • Immigration Memo To Ireland from Scotland.
  • Immigration Date 173252
  • Immigration Place Pennsylvania
  • Immigration Memo From Ireland to Pennsylvania.
  • Nationality Scottish
  • Spouses
  • 1 Margaret


  • William (1689-1773)
  • John (~1691-)

Notes for John MURRAY I

  • John MURRAY I, a native of Scotland, immigrated from Ireland in 1732. Along with John were at least two of his children, William I and John II, and their respective families, as well as other friends. It is also believed that the Lindley family also came about this time. William married Isabella LINDLEY, the daughter of Thomas LINDLEY of Scotland. Arriving here they settled on the banks of the Swatara River, Pennsylvania. Mr. James E. Murray in his book about the Murray family writes "In July, 1958, on a research trip to Pennsylvania, I visited the colorful and historic frontier Paxton and Derry Presbyterian Churches." He stated that the Murray family in Pennsylvania was associated with the Derry Presbyterian Church.


  • Is it possible that this John Murray, his sons John and William, and their families all emigrated from Ireland at the same time (1732)? Could this be the grandfather of William of Orange/Alamance County, NC? [LKH]

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John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl's Timeline

February 24, 1659
Knowsley, Lancastershire, England
May 6, 1684
Age 25
May 21, 1685
Age 26
September 28, 1686
Age 27
April 14, 1689
Age 30
September 28, 1690
Age 31
Midlothian, Scotland
September 24, 1691
Age 32
October 28, 1692
Age 33
August 23, 1693
Age 34