Historical records matching John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Tullibardine
About John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Tullibardine
Burke's Peerage Extract (full document attached)
The 1st EARL OF ATHOLL's elder son,
JOHN MURRAY, 2nd Earl of Atholl, 3rd Earl of Tullibardine and 1st Marquess of Athole (S), so created 17 Feb 1676, as also EARL OF TULLIBARDIN [sic], VISCOUNT OF BALQUHIDDER, LORD MURRAY, BALVANY and GASK, KT (1687), PC (S 1660); born 2 May 1631; royalist Civil War, Hereditary Sheriff Fife, Justice Gen Scotland 1663–76, Capt Gen Roy Co Archers 1670–1703, Col 4th Horse Gds 1671–78, Keeper Scotttish Privy Seal 1672–89, Extrdy Lord of Session 1673–89, leading opponent of uprising by Duke of Argyll (qv) on behalf of Duke of Monmouth 1685; married 5 May 1659 Lady Amelia Sophia Stanley (died 22 Feb 1703), 4th but 3rd surviving daughter (and in her issue heir) of 7th Earl of Derby (qv), and died 6 May 1703, having had, with other issue, including two younger sons (CHARLES MURRAY, created EARL OF DUNMORE (qv); James, father of Catherine, 1st wife of 5th Lord Rollo of Duncrub, qv) and a daughter (Amelia, married 9th Lord (Fraser of) Lovat, qv): JOHN MURRAY, 1st Duke of Atholl,
Born 2nd May 1631; died 6th May 1703. He was served heir to his father 7th Sept 1642. On 7th Feb 1676 he was created Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Tullibardine, Viscount Balquhiddr and Lord Murray, Balvenie and gask. He married 5th May 1659 Amelia Stanley, daughter of and eventually sole heiress of James, 7th Earl of Derby, who died 22nd Feb 1702-1703.
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, KT (2 May 1631 – 6 May 1703) was a leading Scottish royalist and defender of the Stuarts during the English Civil War of the 1640s, until after the rise to power of William and Mary in 1689. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Atholl on his father's demise in June 1642 and as 3rd Earl of Tullibardine after the death of his first cousin the 2nd Earl in 1670.
The son of John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl (cr.1629) by his wife Jane, daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy, he was, in 1653, a chief supporter of the 8th Earl of Glencairn's rising to power in opposition to English plans to incorporate Scotland into the Commonwealth and devoted 2000 men to the battle. He was eventually obliged to surrender the following year to George Monck, the victorious Commonwealth commander.
In 1660, Murray became a privy councillor, obtained a charter of the hereditary office of sheriff of Fife and in 1663 was appointed Lord President of the Court of Session. Murray became the first captain-general of the Royal Company of Archers in 1670. In 1672 he became Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland and on 14 January 1673 became an Extraordinary Lord of Session.
In 1670 he succeeded to the earldom of Tullibardine on the death of his cousin, the 4th Earl and was created Marquess of Atholl and Viscount Glenalmond on 7 February 1676.
In 1678, Murray temporarily lost royal favour by counselling moderation concerning the measures taken against the Covenanters, but fought vigorously against the 8th Earl of Argyll in the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 and was instrumental in defeating him. Murray showed to be lukewarm to the accession of William III, though allowed his troops to be used at the Battle of Killiecrankie against the supporters of the new king and was knighted in 1687. Ironically, given Murray's rumoured Jacobite leanings but public opposition to the group, his grandson, Lord George Murray became a famed general of the Jacobites and was responsible for their success throughout the greater part of the 1745 uprising.
Murray was described by Lord Macaulay as "the falsest, the most fickle, the most pusillanimous of mankind."
From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on John Murray:
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Athole 
- M, #22146,
- b. 2 May 1631,
- d. 6 May 1703
- Last Edited=28 Jan 2011
- Consanguinity Index=1.94%
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Athole was born on 2 May 1631. He was the son of John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl and Jean Campbell.
He married Lady Amelia Anne Sophia Stanley, daughter of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte de la Trémoille, on 5 May 1659.
He died on 6 May 1703 at age 72. He was buried on 17 May 1703 at Dunkeld, Perthshire, Scotland.
- He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Atholl [S., 1629] in June 1642.
- In 1653 he joined the King's Standard with 2000 men.
- He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland] in 1660.
- He held the office of Justice-General [Scotland] between 1661 and 1665.,
- He held the office of Hereditary Sheriff of Fife.
- He held the office of Captain General of the Royal Company of Archers between 1670 and 1703.
- He succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Murray, Gask and Balquhidder [S., 1628] in January 1669/70.
- He succeeded to the title of 5th Lord Murray of Tullibardine [S., 1604] in January 1669/70.
- He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Tullibardine [S., 1628] in January 1669/70.
- He was Colonel of the 4th troop of Horse Guards between 1671 and 1678.
- He held the office of Keeper of the Privy Seal [Scotland] between 1672 and 1689.
- He held the office of an Extraordinary Lord of Session between 14 January 1673 and 1689.
- He was created 1st Viscount of Balquhidder [Scotland] on 7 February 1676.,
- He was created 1st Marquess of Athole [Scotland] on 7 February 1676.,
- He was created 1st Earl of Tullibardine [Scotland] on 7 February 1676.,
- He was created 1st Lord Murray, Balvany and Gask [Scotland] on 7 February 1676.,
- In 1685 he was instrumental in opposing Argyll's invasion.
- He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Thistle (K.T.) on 29 May 1687.
Lord Macaulay described him as "the falsest, the most fickle, the most pusillanimous of mankind."
Children of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Athole and Lady Amelia Anne Sophia Stanley
- 1. Lady Amelia Murray+ d. 6 May 1743
- 2. John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl+ b. 24 Feb 1659/60, d. 14 Nov 1724
- 3. Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore+ b. 24 Feb 1661, d. 19 Apr 1710
- 4. James Murray of Dowally+ b. 8 May 1663, d. 28 Dec 1719
- 5. William Murray, 2nd Lord Nairne+ b. 10 Dec 1664, d. 3 Feb 1726
- 6. Sir Mungo Murray  b. 1668, d. 1700
- 1. [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 315. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 316.
- 3. [S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 47. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
- 4. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 69.
- 5. [S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 134. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
- 6. [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume IX, page 445.
- 7. [S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, Earl of Tullibardine's Timeline
May 2, 1631
Tullibardine, Perthshire, Scotland
February 24, 1659
Knowsley, Lancastershire, England
February 24, 1661
Knowsley, Lancashire, England
May 8, 1663
Knowsley, Lancashire, England
December 10, 1664
January 2, 1666
Knowsley, Lancashire, England
February 29, 1668