Ante Miko Tripalo

Is your surname Tripalo?

Research the Tripalo family

Ante Miko Tripalo's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Ante Miko Tripalo

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sinj, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Hrvatska
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Zagreb, Croatia
Immediate Family:

Son of Branko Tripalo and <private> Tripalo
Husband of <private> Tripalo (Tomić)
Ex-husband of Nevenka Tripalo
Father of <private> Tripalo
Brother of <private> Tripalo

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
view all

Immediate Family

    • ex-wife
    • <private> Tripalo (Tomić)
      spouse
    • <private> Tripalo
      child
    • <private> Tripalo
      parent
    • <private> Tripalo
      sibling

About Ante Miko Tripalo

Miko Tripalo was born on 16 November 1926 in Sinj in a reputable family. Tripalo joined the anti-fascist movement in 1941 while he was still a high school student. He studied law at the Faculty of Law in Zagreb and completed his studies in Belgrade. As the president of the Croatian and the Yugoslav youth and of the student organization, he became known for his broad knowledge, openness and his ability to gather and motivate people. Beginning in late 1962, he worked in Zagreb, where he pioneered a new style of politics by democratizing the decision-making process, engaging educated young people and encouraging vibrancy in cultural life. He became an important reformer, and after the Rankovic affair in 1966 and the investigation into the role of the secret police, he became a leading reformist politician. In 1969, Tripalo was elected to represent Croatia’s interests in the highest party and state structures in Yugoslavia. He led a group of reformers in the effort to link the aspirations for a more democratic socio-political system with the idea of a radical reorganization of the Yugoslav federation, where the republics would affirm themselves and evolve as federal, equal states. Such a policy opened a public space for various political and cultural initiatives, led to the flourishing of the freedom of the press and the emergence of new newspapers and magazines of different orientations.

In 1971 in Croatia, a number of political actors emerged (student movement, Matica Hrvatska, various intellectual groups), creating an atmosphere of pluralism as part of the national-democratic movement called the Croatian Spring. Following the Party session in Karađorđevo in 1971, Tripalo, as one of the leaders of the Croatian Spring, was excluded from political life, removed from office and forced into many years of silence. During the period of police surveillance and intimidation, his name became a symbol of resistance and his ideas the inspiration of all free-thinking people.

At the beginning of 1990, he published a book of memoirs entitled The Croatian Spring and entered politics as a non-partisan member of the Coalition of National Agreement. Subsequently, he was one of the founders of the Croatian People’s Party and its representative in the Croatian Parliament. He consistently stood up for Croatia’s independence and sovereignty. He also insisted on the need to defend Croatia by advocating for a democratic system, equality and a better life for its citizens. In his weekly column Politika na dlanu (Politics at the Fingertips), which he published in the newspaper Novi list from April 1992 until his death, he analyzed authoritarian politics and its consequences – tycoon privatization, corruption, rising unemployment, restrictions on civil liberties and international isolation. He spoke out against discrimination and intolerance and took part in various civil society initiatives and non-governmental organizations.

In April 1993, Tripalo participated in the founding of the Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights, where he was vice-president. Beginning in November 1993, he was Chairman of the Management Board of Open Society Institute Croatia. In the summer of 1994, he launched an initiative to unite the social democratic parties and groups resulting in the founding of the Social Democratic Action of Croatia. He died on 11 December 1995 in Zagreb. He was a prolific journalist, columnist and author of four books. In 1997, the Human Rights Award of the Croatian Helsinki Committee was named after Miko Tripalo.

Sources:

About Ante Miko Tripalo (Croatian)

Miko Tripalo rodio se 16. studenog 1926. godine u uglednoj sinjskoj obitelji. Kao gimnazijalac Tripalo se priključio antifašističkom pokretu 1941. godine. Studij prava započeo je na Pravnom fakultetu u Zagrebu, a završio u Beogradu. Kao predsjednik omladine Hrvatske i studenata i omladine Jugoslavije istaknuo se širinom, otvorenošću i sposobnošću okupljanja i motiviranja ljudi. Od jeseni 1962. djelovao je u Zagrebu, gdje je uveo novi stil politike, demokratizirao proces odlučivanja i uključivao mlade i obrazovane ljude te potaknuo živost u kulturnom životu. Time se profilirao u značajnog reformatora, a nakon afere Ranković 1966. godine i ispitivanja uloge tajne policije postao je vodeći reformni političar. Kao predstavnik Hrvatske ušao je 1969. u najviši partijski i državni vrh Jugoslavije. Sa skupinom reformatora koju je predvodio povezao je nastojanje za demokratizacijom društveno-političkog sustava s radikalnim preustrojem jugoslavenske federacije, kojim bi se republike afirmirale i razvijale kao federalne, ravnopravne države. Takva je politika otvorila javni prostor različitim političko-kulturnim inicijativama, dovela je do procvata slobode tiska i pojave novih listova i časopisa različitih orijentacija.

U Hrvatskoj se 1971. godine pojavio čitav niz političkih aktera (studentski pokret, Matica hrvatska, različite intelektualne skupine), koji su stvorili pluralističko ozračje u nacionalno-demokratskom gibanju nazvanom Hrvatskim proljećem. Kao jedan od vođa Hrvatskog proljeća Tripalo je, nakon sjednice u Karađorđevu 1971., uklonjen sa svih položaja, isključen iz političkog života i prisiljen na dugogodišnju šutnju. U vrijeme dugogodišnjega policijskog nadzora i zastrašivanja njegovo je ime postalo simbol otpora, a njegove ideje nadahnućem slobodoumnih ljudi.

Početkom 1990. objavio je memoarsku knjigu Hrvatsko proljeće i ušao u politiku kao izvanstranačka ličnost u Koaliciji narodnog sporazuma, potom je bio jedan od osnivača Hrvatske narodne stranke i njezin zastupnik u Saboru RH. Dosljedno se zauzimao za hrvatsku neovisnost, obranu hrvatskog suvereniteta i upozoravao da se Hrvatska brani i svojim demokratskim ustrojem, ravnopravnošću i boljim životom građana. U kolumni Politika na dlanu, koju je od travnja 1992. do smrti iz tjedna u tjedan objavljivao u Novom listu, analizirao je autoritarnu politiku i njezine posljedice – tajkunsku privatizaciju, korupciju, rastuću nezaposlenost, sužavanje građanskih sloboda, međunarodnu izolaciju. Istupao je protiv politike diskriminacije i nesnošljivosti te se angažirao u različitim inicijativama civilnog društva i nevladinih organizacija.

Početkom travnja 1993. sudjelovao je u osnivanju Hrvatskoga helsinškog odbora za ljudska prava, kojemu je bio potpredsjednik. Od studenoga 1993. godine bio je predsjednik Upravnog odbora Instituta otvoreno društvo Hrvatska. U ljeto 1994. pokrenuo je inicijativu za ujedinjenje socijaldemokratskih stranaka i skupina, iz koje je nastala Akcija socijaldemokrata Hrvatske. Umro je 11. prosinca 1995. godine u Zagrebu. Bio je plodan publicist, kolumnist i autor četiriju knjiga. Njegovim je imenom 1997. nazvana nagrada za ljudska prava Hrvatskoga helsinškog odbora.

Izvori:

view all

Ante Miko Tripalo's Timeline

1926
November 16, 1926
Sinj, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Hrvatska
1995
December 11, 1995
Age 69
December 11, 1995
Age 69
Zagreb, Croatia