Albert György Gyula Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony GR

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Albert György Gyula Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony GR

Also Known As: "Georg"
Birthdate: (86)
Birthplace: Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Death: February 7, 1933 (86)
Geneva, Genève, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
Place of Burial: budavári Koronázó Főtemplom, Budapest, Magyarország - Hungary
Immediate Family:

Son of György Apponyi de Nagy-Appony and Júlia Sztáray de Nagymihály et Sztára GR
Husband of Clothilde Wilhelmine Josepha Gabriele Maria Innocentia von Mensdorff-Pouilly GR
Partner of Mariska Julianna Ludovika Pongrácz BR and Karolina Bartl
Father of Graf György Alexander Apponyi de Nagyappony, II; Gräfin Mária (Marika) Alexandrina Apponyi de Nagy-Appony; Gräfin Julianna (Julia) Mária Apponyi de Nagyappony; <private> Bereczky; Gábor Albert Mária dr. Bereczky and 5 others
Brother of Gräfin Georgina Apponyi de Nagyappony

Managed by: Maria Bakay (C)
Last Updated:

About Albert György Gyula Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony GR

Albert Apponyi de Nagyappony (29 May 1846 – 7 February 1933) was a Hungarian nobleman and politician.


He was born on 29 May 1846, in Vienna, where his father, Count György Apponyi, was the resident Hungarian Chancellor at the time. He belonged to an ancient noble family dating back to the 13th century. Count Albert Apponyi became a member of the Hungarian Parliament in 1872 and remained a member of it, with one short exception, until 1918. From the late 1880s, he was the leader of the “united opposition,” which consisted of all parties hostile to the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. He married Clotilde Apponyi in 1897.

He was Speaker of the House of Representatives of Hungary from 31 October 1901 to 6 November 1903.

As the minister of education he drafted the laws, sometimes called Apponyi laws, passed in 1907 in which the process of Magyarization culminated. Reading, writing and counting in primary schools was done exclusively in Hungarian for the first four years of education. Approximately 600 Romanian villages were left without education as a result of the law. By 1917, 2,975 Romanian primary schools were closed.

After World War I, Apponyi’s most notable public office was his appointment in 1920 to lead the Hungarian delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference to present Hungary’s case to the Allied and Associated Powers assembled there to determine the terms of the peace treaty with Hungary, which subsequently became known as the Treaty of Trianon on account of it having been signed in the Grand Hall of the Palace of Trianon. In the event, Apponyi’s mission to Versailles was in vain as the Allies refused to negotiate the terms of the peace treaty.

Between 1911 and 1932, he was five times nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Hungarian universities, scientists and political groups, but never became a laureate. Count Apponyi was a noted orator and had wide ranging interests outside politics, encompassing linguistics (he was fluent in six languages), literature, philosophy and music. He visited the United States of America a number of times, first in 1904 and last in 1924, where he engaged in lecture tours and befriended leading public figures, including Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. Apponyi described his impressions of America in his autobiography The Memoirs of Count Apponyi, published by Heinemann (London), 1935. He was also the author of the book Esthetics and Politics, the Artist and the Statesman. He died on 7 February 1933, in Geneva, where he was waiting at the time to attend the re-opening of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference.

By the American and British media, he was often called as "The Grand Old Man of Central Europe". In Hungary he was named as "The Greatest Living Hungarian".

Works (selected)


Hungarian: see▼ (other language)

About Albert György Gyula Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony GR (Hungarian)

Nagyapponyi gróf dr. Apponyi Albert György politikus, miniszter, belső titkos tanácsos, nagybirtokos, a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia tagja. Jászberény város aranymandátumos képviselője. Az 1920-as párizsi békekonferencián a magyar delegáció vezetője volt. Különböző magyarországi egyetemek, tudósok, illetve politikai csoportok 1911-32 között ötször jelölték Nobel-díjra, ám nem tüntették ki.

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Albert György Gyula Mária Apponyi de Nagy-Appony GR's Timeline

May 29, 1846
Vienna, Vienna, Austria
October 5, 1889
Age 43
Age 43
December 14, 1893
Age 47
June 30, 1898
Age 52
September 29, 1899
Age 53
November 9, 1903
Age 57
Budapest, Hungary
February 7, 1933
Age 86
Geneva, Genève, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland