lieutenant-admiral of Friesland. Doecke Tjebbes Martena

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lieutenant-admiral of Friesland. Doecke Tjebbes Martena

Also Known As: "Duco --1573 as Admiral on the Zuiderzee"
Birthplace: Leeuwarden Friesland Netherlands
Death: Died in Leeuwarden Friesland Netherlands
Place of Burial: Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, Friesland, The Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Tjebbe Doecke van Martena and Bauck Abbes Saskers Heringha van Camstra
Husband of Swob Tjallingsdr van Botnia and Catharina van Oenema
Father of Johan Martena; Swob Martena; Bauck van Martena; Tjerck van Martena and Tieth van Martena
Half brother of Syds van Botnia; Jel van Botnia; His van Botnia and N.N. van Botnia

Occupation: Op 4 sep 1544 student te Leuven. In 1573 admiral op de zuiderzee In 1604 genoemd al hopman en drost van Harlingen
Managed by: Private User
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About lieutenant-admiral of Friesland. Doecke Tjebbes Martena

Doeke Martena loses power in Revolt 
 1530 - 1605 
 First Admiral of the Sea Beggars in Friesland 
Doeke Martena is admiral of the Beggars on the Zuiderzee.  Latin poet as he is able to read the Bible, which still has not been translated, and to criticize the Catholic faith.  Doeke or Duco Martena is the last male descendant of an ancient race whose ancestral home Martena State (photo below), was Cornjum.  Doeke is a member of the States General. 
Albert Martin makes in 1873, this portrait of the freedom fighter Doeke Martena. 

Martena Cornjum In the forest at Cornjum, north of Leeuwarden, carry impressive avenues to the estate Martena State. Martena State is a ruin in the early 20th century. But the ancient noble house where once lived the admiral of Friesland, is very beautifully restored.

 (Source: Leeuwarderadeel )  Martena State 
Doeke of Martena has a hard life.  His father, Tjebbe of Martena, dies at his birth in Martena State in 1530. His mother, Bauck of Heringastate, then marries Syds of Botnia.  At seventeen dies his mother. 
 The coat of arms of Martena shared: 1.   gold half eagle black, coming from the dividing line;  2. Sections: In a blue lily of gold, red b in a leafy head of gold, the stem down.  ( Source ) 
 A slightly damaged painting by Doeke Martena hangs in the provincial museum in Leeuwarden. 

Doeke of Martena marries Swob of Botnia, a sister of his stepfather.  Their first son died young.  His wife dies young.  In 1554, he is 23 or 24 years, he is a member of the Frisian States. 
 Doeke is 38 years when the Eighty Years' War begins.  He is married to Tryn Unema.  His son, Jan, also a freedom fighter at heart, died in 1584. 
Doeke is a go-getter.  His origins and his marriage are additionally guarantees a rapid career.  The Martena family owns many houses in the Frisian towns.  One is the Martena Stins (right) in Franeker, the future hall of Franekeradeel.  The building is probably a museum. 
 Doeke is a member of the Provincial Council of Friesland.  In 1564 he joined the Executive Council.  He strongly oppose the rigors of Alva and the governor Casper de Robles .  On Martena State he holds secret meetings.  When Alva is coming should he flee too. 
 Doeke of Martena is an important link between William of Orange and the Frisian exiles in Emden.  Among the exiles is Karel Roorda, who wants an independent Friesland.  Roorda is diametrically opposed to William Louis of Nassau, Friesland looks more like one of the Netherlands province.  (Source: J Bekkema) 
Martena Stins Franeker 

Log Cabin in Leeuwarden

The Beggars get after four years of struggle at sea foothold ashore in Brielle in 1572. Doeke of Martena immediately makes plans to take in Friesland.  Biggest obstacle is the strong blockhouse Leeuwarden. 
Left: The wooden house of Leeuwarden in 1783. The drawing is held by the Fries Museum.  In the foreground gallows.  Now here is the Blokhuisplein prison Leeuwarden. 

Battle on the Zuiderzee

Blankerhoff paints in 1663 started on the Zuiderzee in 1573 which partly by Admiral Doeke Martens a success for the Beggars.  The Beggars are definitely the boss at sea along the coast of the Low Countries. 

First admiral of Friesland 
 William of Orange appointed Doeke in 1573 to the first admiral of Friesland.  But Friesland is not liberated yet.  Robles has his fleet in the harbor of Harlingen.  During the Battle of the Zuiderzee between the Beggars led by Cornelis Dirks of Monnickendam and the Spaniards, under Bossu, Doeke of Martena maintains the fleet of Robles in check by reason of the Vlie.  The battle lasts six days and nights. 
 After the Beggars Zeeland and Holland liberate it becomes quiet in Friesland.  Only in 1576 something happens.  The poorly paid army of the Spanish commander's Robles refused service.  Spain is bankrupt.  The mutinous soldiers take prisoners Robles. 
 The opposition flourishes everywhere, even in Friesland.  The Court of Friesland no longer functions and the bishop is deposited.  The dreaded wooden houses disappear.  The Frisians buy the right to allow only now Frisians to the Court of Friesland.  Leeuwarden, together with ten smaller towns for money and the capital will have an important trump card. 
The granddaughter of Doeke, Catherine Entens deceased in 1660, Martena State brings in marriage to Sjuck of Burmania, Grietman of Wymbritseradeel (deceased 20 June 1650).  Their third son of Laes Burmania then live in the state.  In this branch, the State proceeded in a straight line from father to son.  (Source: Tresoar )  

Refugees get key positions in the new administration Frisian being radical.  The board will initially freedom of religion, as William of Orange stands.  On August 13, 1578 the first Protestant sermon is held in Leeuwarden.  Yet the Roman Catholic religion is one and a half year (March 3, 1580) later banned.  Monasteries are closed, repurposing, or even demolished.  The Catholic church that was once so powerful falls away. 
 (Source: Webserv ) 

Martena Stins Franeker

In 1580 he manages to capture the Spaniards Doeke Martena.  William of Orange offers to ransom but the enemy refused the money. 
Only when the Beggars get their hands on a number of hostages, they agree to a prisoner exchange.  After almost one year imprisonment comes Doeke Martena free, in exchange for three Spanish-minded 'compatriots'. 
 Doeke of Martena sacrificed almost his entire fortune on the freedom struggle.  The Frisian States have never paid a portion of his salary.  The former admiral is poor. 
In 1603 dies his wife Tryn and two years later, on November 11, he dies himself at the age of 75.  Doeke buried in the Galilierëkerk (or Galileerkerk) in Leeuwarden.  Two of his six children still live.  Swob Bauck and two daughters continue the family of Martena. 
 (Source: J Bekkema ) 
 Right: The Galileerkerk, on the background of the drawing was around 1902 yet.  The etching was made around 1765.  The maker is not known.  In the foreground the Korfmakersstraat. 
Galileerkerk Leeuwarden 

Duco Martena Pipe in Leeuwarden

In the center of Leeuwarden is still to find the Duco Martena Pipe in the New Town. 
 Left: This picture was taken in 1968 from the east.  Firm Kampen Huizumerlaan 
 (Source: Historical Center Leeuwarden ) 
Right: The center of Leeuwarden.  The Duco Martena pipe connects the water along the ramparts (left) with the canal in the Nieuwstad (right).  At the bottom of the picture is the palace of justice and behind the theater. 
Duco Martena pipe in the center of Leeuwarden 

Op 4 sep 1544 student te Leuven. In 1573 admiral op de zuiderzee In 1604 genoemd al hopman en drost van Harlingen

Doeke Martena verliest een vermogen in de Opstand

1530 - 1605
Eerste admiraal van de watergeuzen in Friesland

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lieutenant-admiral of Friesland. Doecke Tjebbes Martena's Timeline

Leeuwarden Friesland Netherlands
November 11, 1605
Age 78
Leeuwarden Friesland Netherlands
Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, Friesland, The Netherlands