Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel
|Death:||Died in Arundel House,Westminster,Middlesex,England|
Son of William FitzAlan, 18th Earl of Arundel and Anne Percy, Lady, Countess of Arundel
|Occupation:||18th Earl of Arundel http://www.thepeerage.com/p2588.htm#i25874|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel
Son of William Fitzalan, the 17th Earl, by Lady Anne Percy, dau. of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland . He married first Catherine, dau. of Thomas Grey, 2nd M. Dorset. And secondly to Mary Arundell, dau. of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, w. of Richard Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex. Godson to Henry VIII , in whose palace he was educated Also educated at at Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England. He held the office of Page of Honour to King Henry VIII . He succeeded to the title of Lord Maltravers on 5 Feb 1532/33. From 1540 he was governor of Calais till 1543, when he succeeded to the earldom. In 1544 he beseiged and took Boulogne, being made lord chamberlain and a privy councillor as a reward in 1546.
He was a member of the council appointed by Henry to govern during the minority of Edward VI . In the reign of Edward VI he opposed Protector Somerset and supported John Dudley, Earl of Warwick (later Duke of Northumberland), who eventually unjustly accused him of peculation and removed him from the council. When interrogating the Duke of Somerset in Dec 1549, Arundel and Southampton agreed that the Protector and Warwick were
traytors both', and Arundel gave his consente that thei were bothe worthie to dye'. Warwick then took steps to protect himself after Lord St. John, who was also present, informed him of the conversation. The Imperial Ambassador, Francois van der Delft, stated that St. John (and also Sir Richard Rich and John, Lord Russell ) abandoned Arundel not for reasons of religious doctrine but only after
seeing Warwick's determination'. His religious position coincided with the politique' stance of contemporaries such as Russell , or William Paget and the Earl of Pembroke , Arundel's political allies in the reign of Mary.
Richard Scudamore reported, on 5 Dec 1549, that Arundel was likely to be made Lord Great Chamberlain and the Earl retained an important role in government, attending meetings well into Jan 1550. On 11 Jan 1550 Scudamore reported that Arundel had been stripped of his Lord Chamberlain's office and was under house arrest at Arundel Place. The Earl was examined before the Council that day and again on 13 Jan, where
certain crimes of suspicion', as the young King observed in his diary, were laid against him; plucking down of bolts and locks at Westminster, giving of my stuff away, etc.' The Earl was also suspected of appropriating supplies for the mint. This was an easy charge to make, but as Warwick, Southampton, Herbert, Paget and Dorset had also indulged in the exploitation of coining privileges when Somerset fell, just as Russell, Northampton, Wentworth and Darcy were to be rewarded in precisely the same way at Arundel's demise, it seems somewhat disingenuous. Van der Delft thought that the charges were manifestly artificial. Arundel, as Lord Chamberlain, had distributed
certain garments and furs no longer required by the King' and had substituted plate of his own of an equivalent value to plate destined for the mint, those that were to be melted being more to his own taste'.
Johan Scheyfve, van der Delft's replacement as Imperial Ambassador in May 1550, wrote:
my Lord of Arundel has been deprived of his office because he refused to consent to the Duke of Somerset's release from prison and general reinstatement, on the grounds that he had solemnly been published and declared to be a traitor to the King.
After a longer imprisonment, Arundel rejoin the Council just before the King 's death, and took the opportunity to torment his nemesis. In Jun 1553 he alone of the council refused the "engagement" of the council to support Edward 's "device " for the succession - which passed over his sisters, Mary and Elizabeth, as illegitimate, in favour of Lady Jane Grey. He did, however, sign the letters patent. On Edward 's death, while pretending to support Northumberland, he secured the proclamation of Mary as soon as Northumberland had left London. In his speech at Baynard's Castle which persuaded the Council to desert Warwick, now Duke of Northumberland, the Earl denied being
drawen by any passion either of ambition, as desirous to rule, or desire of revenge', but could not resist bitterly inveighing against the Duke' who had
most unjustlye kept me a prisoner almost a yeare, practisinge my death by many wicked devises, as yow youre selves can witnesse .... The Earl perhaps took some pleasure in arresting Northumberland at Cambridge on 20 Jul 1553 and escorting him to the Tower.
He was described as "of the middle size, well proportioned in limb', 'stronge in bone, furnished with cleane and firme flesh, voide of fogines and fatnes'. His countenance was regular and expressive, his voice powerful and pleasing; but the rapidity of his utterance often made his meaning 'somewhat harde to the unskilfull'.
In Dec 1553 the Earl of Arundel purchased the wardship of the eldest daughter of Sir John Lutrell, Catherine Luttrell for 100 marks. In Mar 1557 he was awarded the custody of all three daughters with an annuity of £30 backdated to Luttrell's death, which perhaps suggest that they had joined the Earl's household then. The wardships may indicate a family connection or may have been suggested by the Countess of Arundel, who had known the girls' maternal grandmother Catherine Edgecombe from their service together in the household of Anne of Cleves. In any case, the wardships seem to indicate a sense of responsibility on Arundel's part, as there was little financial gain: two-thirds of Luttrell's estate was entailed in favour of his brother Thomas, only one-third remaining between the daughters.
Catherine Luttrell served in Queen Mary 's privy chamber and presumably owed the position to Arundel, who was Lord Steward of the royal household by this time. The Earl married her to Thomas Copley in Jul 1558. The nuptial celebrations took place at Nonsuch Palace, which Arundel had recently purchased from the crown. The Queen probably attended the wedding as Copley, who had incurred her wrath in the first session of the 1558 parliament by expressing the fear that Princess Elizabeth would be excluded from the succession, wrote with some apprehension to the Master of the Revels requesting the loan of paraphernalia for the masque with which the guests were entertained. Later that year Copley attended Arundel at the peace conference at Cercamp.
Under Mary I he held a series of high appointments, including the lord stewardship. In 1558 he resigned the Lord Stewardship when, according to his biographer,
some meane persons' of the Council suggested a reorganization of established order in the royal household. Arundel, apparently, did not prefer his vaine glorye nor profit before his honour and credit'. The Earl was reinstated by Elizabeth, but his pride in blood, manifested in an attempt to marry the Queen, prompted a second resignation in 1564 when it became clear that his suit was destined to fail.
In 1569 he was implicated in the intrigues of his son-in-law, Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, who desired a marriage with Mary, Queen of Scots , but, although he appears to have received money from Spain, the evidence against him was insufficient, and he was released in Mar 1570 and even recalled to the council. After the discovery of the Ridolfi plot he was once more arrested and liberated only after the execution of Norfolk in 1572, and spent the rest of his life in retirement. At his death the title passed through his daughter Mary, the wife of the beheaded Norfolk, to the Howards.
Arundel made a habit of supporting foreign artists and intellectuals new to England. For instance, he was the patron of the Protestant Florentine illuminator and scholar Petruccio Ubaldini, who visited the country during Edward 's reign. He was certainly part of Arundel's circle by 1550 when he presented Lord Maltravers, the Earl's heir, with a book of sententious sayings and
examples of wrytinge verie faire'. Ubaldini very probably produced the manuscript copy of the Senecan sententiae that were painted on the walls of the long gallery of Sir Nicholas Bacon 's house at Gorhambury. Bacon presented the manuscript to Arundel's daughter Jane Lumley. Ubaldini described Arundel as his Maecenas' in the dedication to his Description of Scotland and he was presented at court by the Earl when he returned to settle in England in 1562. In his career Arundel patronized the Huguenot printer Thomas Vautrouiller, who also came to England in 1562. Vautrouiller expressed his gratitude for the Earl's help in establishing his printshop in the dedication to his version of Jean de Beauchesne's A booke containing divers sortes of hands. Arundel was also interested in music, as the presence at Nonsuch of the largest band of musicians outside the royal court and his extensive music library testify, and Vautrouiller dedicated his edition of the secular music of Orlando de Lassus to the Earl. He also printed the Cantiones sacrae of Thomas Tallis, whose forty-part motet Spem in alium received its first performance at Arundel House, the Earl's London residence.
Arundel's role as Hans Eworth's chief patron continued through the 1550s. In 1555 Eworth painted Arundel's daughter Mary, listed in the Lumley Inventory as
Of Mary Duches of Northfolke, daughter to the last Earl of Arundell doone by Haunce Eworth'. In 1557 he produced a posthumous portrait of Maltravers, who had died at Brussels on a diplomatic mission to Carlos V on 30 Jun 1556. It was probably; therefore, through the influence of the Earl as Lord Steward that Eworth became court painter to Queen Mary. This connection is the most plausible explanation of how the artist may have had access to the Queen 's jewels in order to depict in detail the pendant and other objects in his 1554 portrait of Mary. Upon the accession of Elizabeth, Eworth went into the service of Catherine, Duchess of Suffolk , a lady who constantly urged the Queen towards more zealous Protestantism. During his service with the Duchess, Eworth produced a posthumous portrait of her old associate, the Protestant martyr Anne Askew, bearing the inscription Rather deathe: then false of faythe' 285
Henry married Catherine Grey, daughter of Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton.
Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel (c.1511 – 24 February 1580) was an English nobleman, who over his long life assumed a prominent place at the court of all the later Tudor sovereigns, probably the only person to do so. (Note that some sources number him as 12th Earl of Arundel.)
He was the only son of William FitzAlan, 18th Earl of Arundel, and his second wife Anne Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, and was named for Henry VIII, who personally stood as his godfather at his baptism.
At 15, Arundel became a page at king Henry's court. When he came of age, in 1533, he was summoned to Parliament as Lord Maltravers, a subsidiary title of his father, who was still alive. He attended the trials of Anne Boleyn and her alleged lover Lord Rochford in 1536.
In 1540 he was appointed deputy of Calais. He remained there, improving the fortifications at his own expense, until his father's death in 1543/4. He returned to England to assume the earldom, and was made a Knight of the Garter. War with France soon brought him back to the continent, where he spent much of 1544. He then returned to England, where the king appointed him Lord Chamberlain.
After Henry's death in 1547, Arundel was Lord High Constable at Edward VI's coronation. He continued as Lord Chamberlain, and in addition, by the terms of Henry's will, was designated one of the council of 12 assistant executors. The advent of the new king's uncle Edward Seymour (later Duke of Somerset) as Lord Protector negated Arundel's influence however, and he soon became a prominent advocate of Seymour's removal in favor of John Dudley, Earl of Warwick (later Duke of Northumberland).
Seymour was in fact deposed and sent to the Tower of London in 1549, with Arundel and Warwick among the leaders of the new governing group. Warwick soon became jealous of Arundel's influence, created a series of trumped-up charges, and had him removed from office and placed under house arrest. Arundel was eventually cleared of the charges, but the experience pushed him into the camp of the Duke of Somerset (who had been released from the tower). When Somerset was again arrested in 1551, Arundel was implicated in some of his plots, and was himself arrested and imprisoned for a year. He was eventually pardoned from these charges (whose truth was again somewhat dubious) and returned to his place on the governing council.
He found the council contemplating the succession in view of the declining health of King Edward. Arundel opposed Northumberland's plan to declare the king's sisters illegitimate, but after Edward's death he ostensibly went along with the council as it prepared to proclaim Lady Jane Grey the new sovereign. Meanwhile, he secretly wrote to Princess Mary, informing her of her brother's death (which was not yet public knowledge) and warning her of the plans afoot to bypass her. He continued to publicly support Lady Jane, but at the same time, after secret meetings with other supporters of Mary, arranged for the proclamation of Mary as queen by the citizens of London. Taking the great seal, he then rode off to Framlingham, where Mary was staying.
At Mary's coronation, Arundel was for the second time High Constable, and was then appointed Lord Steward of the royal household. He served in various roles in her court, being, for example, one of the nobles who received her husband Philip II of Spain when he landed at Southampton.
Although Queen Elizabeth did not trust him, he was too powerful to be slighted or ignored, and so he was retained in his various offices when she ascended the throne. For the third time, he had a high place at a royal coronation.
Arundel took part in some of the many conspiracies of Elizabeth's reign, and, while he was at times placed under house arrest, he retained his properties and titles.
Arundel married twice. His first wife was Katherine, daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton. By her he had one son, Henry Lord Maltravers (1538-56), and 2 daughters: Jane (d. 1576/7), who married John Lord Lumley, and Mary (d. 1557), who married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and whose son Philip, eventually inherited the Earldom of Arundel.
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Sir John Arundell of a prominent Cornish family, and widow of Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex. They had no children.
Arundel's portrait was painted several times, including once by Hans Holbein and by Hans Eworth; see Edward Chaney, The Evolution of the Grand Tour, 2nd ed (London, 2000), p. 8.
Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel
M, #25874, b. 23 April 1512, d. 24 February 1579/80
Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel was born on 23 April 1512.2 He is the son of William FitzAlan, 18th Earl of Arundel and Anne Percy.2 He married, firstly, Catherine Grey, daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton, after 25 January 1524/25.3,4 He married, secondly, Mary Arundell, daughter of Sir John Arundell and Katharine Grenville, on 19 December 1545.3 He died on 24 February 1579/80 at age 67 at Arundel House, The Strand, London, England, without surviving male issue.5 He was buried at Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England.5 His will (dated 30 December 1579) was probated on 27 February 1579/80.5
Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel was educated at Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.2 He held the office of Page of Honour to HM King Edward VIII.2 He succeeded to the title of Lord Mautravers on 5 February 1532/33.2 He held the office of Deputy Governor of Calais between 2 July 1540 and February 1544.2 He succeeded to the title of 19th Earl of Arundel [E., c. 1138] on 23 January 1543/44.2 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 18 May 1544.2 He fought in the war against the French in July 1544, where he was 'Marshal of the Field', and distinguished himself at the taking of Boulogne.2 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in July 1546.2 He held the office of Lord Chamberlain between July 1546 and January 1550.2 He was one of the Council of Twelve, named by King Henry VIII in 1547.2 He held the office of High Constable, at the coronation of King Edward VI.2 Between 8 November 1551 and 3 December 1552 he was imprisoned in the Tower, by the hostility of the Duke of the Northumberland.2 He took revenge on the Duke of Northumberland by pretending to join him in setting up Lady Jane Grey as Queen, then betraying him to Queen Mary, and arresting him at Cambridge.2 He held the office of Lord Steward of the Household in September 1553.2 He held the office of High Constable, at the coronation of Queen Mary.2 He held the office of Lord High Steward [England] on 17 February 1553/54, at the trial of the Duke of Suffolk.2 He held the office of High Steward of Oxford University between 1555 and 1559.2 He held the office of Chancellor of Oxford University between 6 February 1559 and 12 June 1559.2 In 1564 he resigned all of his offices.2 He was a Commissioner at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1568.2 Before 1572 he was again imprisoned, for aiding his son-in-law, the Duke of Norfolk, in trying to obtain Mary, Queen of Scots in marriage.2
He was "of the middle size, well proportioned in limb, 'stronge in bone, furnished with cleane and firme flesh, voide of fogines and fatnes.' His countenance was regular and expressive, his voice powerful and pleasing; but the rapidity of his utterance often made his meaning 'somewhat harde to the unskilfull.5' "
Children of Henry Fitzalan, 19th Earl of Arundel and Catherine Grey
Lady Mary Fitzalan+ d. 25 Aug 15576
Joan Fitzalan d. 15766
Sir Henry Fitzalan, Lord Mautravers b. 1538, d. 30 Jun 15565
[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (France) to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family".
[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 250. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 251.
[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 39. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 252.
[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 253.
Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel's Timeline
April 23, 1512
Arundel, Sussex, England
February 24, 1580