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1820 Settlers - Charles Campbell's Party

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  • James Lydford Collett, SV/PROG (1800 - 1876)
    James arrived in Table Bay, South Africa on the 'Salisbury' on 8 December 1821, (Departure Date 14th August 1821) listed as an indentured labourer in Major General Charles Campbell's party. His name w...
  • William George Anderson, Snr. SV/PROG (1804 - 1893)
    1820 British Settler William Anderson 16, Labourer, was a member of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, some of whom sailed on the Mary Ann Sophia . Party originated from Argyll, Scotland. D...
  • Maurice (Moshe) Garcia, SV/PROG (1800 - 1884)
    1820 British Settler Maurice was part of Charles Campbell's party of 50 people, 16 of whom sailed on the Dowson . Party originated from Argyll, Scotland. Departure London in June 1820. Final Port...
  • Major General Charles Collins Campbell (1762 - 1822)
    1820 British Settler Maj. Gen. Charles Collins Campbell was Leader of his own party of 50 people, 20 of whom sailed on the Salisbury . He was accompanied by his Wife and 9 of their children. Party ...
  • John Campbell (1807 - 1888)
    1820 British Settler John Campbell (14), son of Settler Leader, Maj. Gen. Charles Colin Campbell, was part of his father's party of 50 people, 20 of whom sailed on the Salisbury . He was accompanied ...

Charles Campbell's Party

1820 Settlers

Main reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

See also eGGSA - The 1820 Settler Correspondence

Additional information from South African Settlers

The aim of this project is to link profiles on Geni to the names in the list, and to expand notes about individuals - mostly on the Profile page in the "About Me" field, or here if no profile exists.

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General Charles Campbell arranged with 47 persons, mainly in Argyll, for their emigration. A division of 13 of these, led by Cypress Messer, sailed in Mary Ann Sophia. They were located on an arm of the Kasouga River, the location being named Barville Park.

They were followed by 17 others in Dowson.

General Campbell brought a further 18 in Salisbury in 1821.

Party Details

Leader - Gen. Charles Campbell

  • Number 50
  • Party originated from Argyll, Scotland
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship :

Mary Ann Sophia

  • Departed London, January 1820
  • Number 13
  • Arrival Simon's Bay, Cape Town - 1st May 1820
  • Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth - 15 May 1920
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship :

Sir George Osborn

  • Departed
  • Number Advance party of 7 men
  • Arrival July 1820
  • Final Port Algoa Bay
  • Area

1820 Settler Ship :


  • Departed London, June 1820
  • Number 16, comprising Charles Campbell's men plus Individual Private Settlers
  • Arrival
  • Final Port
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship :


  • Departed The Downs, Deal, Kent, England, 14 Aug 1821
  • Number 20, comprising Charles Campbell's plus Individual Private Settlers
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 8 December 1821
  • Final Port Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth - 15 January 1822
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

Charles Campbell died shortly after arrival and Cypress Messer took charge. The party had dispersed by 1825 and the location was granted to Mary, widow of General Campbell.

There is a letter from Charles Campbell Junior written in 1827, in which the death of his father is mentioned - My Father (Major General Charles CAMPBELL) died at the Cape about 4 years since...

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"Directed by Major-General Charles Collins Campbell of 3 Durham Place, Lambeth (now part of Greater London), a former Commander of the Forces in Newfoundland. General Campbell had nine children from his second marriage and a young family by his third wife, whom he had married in Newfoundland in 1816.

After initially proposing that he should emigrate at the head of a volunteer regiment of infantry, to guard the settlers against 'the hostile irruptions of the natives', General Campbell undertook to take 100 families to the Cape at his own expense. He agreed to pay all the costs of transporting and locating his settlers, and was to receive no assistance from government other than a grant of land in the proportion of 100 acres for every able-bodied man. This party fell outside the terms of the emigration scheme, but an extensive area of land was reserved for it within the Albany settlement.

An advance party of seven men, with Campbell's bailiff Cypress Messer in charge, sailed for the Cape in the Mary Ann Sophia in January 1820 and was sent on to Algoa Bay in the Sir George Osborn. Their instructions were to build a house for the General and begin cultivation. They were followed in June by a second small party, which included at least one of General Campbell's sons, in the Dowson. General Campbell himself, with his wife and younger children and a final contingent of seven settlers, left the Downs on 14 August 1821 in the Salisbury, which arrived in Table Bay on 8 December.

The party was located on a 10 000-acre estate at Rietfontein, on an arm of the Kasouga River. The location was named Barville Park. General Campbell died in May 1822, and since the promised large number of settlers had not materialised, a portion only of the location was granted to his widow".

Members of Charles Campbell's Party

Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes

By the Mary Ann Sophia :

William Anderson Labourer.

Cypress Messer 60. Shipwright (General Campbell's agent).

William Philipson. Mason.

Henry Sharp

Thomas Stanborough

John Talbot

William Wead

By the Dowson:

Charles Campbell 24.

Henry Charles Campbell 23. (son of Charles Campbell)

Ambrose George Campbell 21. Surgeon. (son of Charles Campbell)

William Fischer

Maurice Garcia 31.

Philip Lucas 44.

Wife: Isabella Phillips.


Ely Mills 25. d.2 Aug 1822

William Power

Henry Scott

Thomas Ungell

Charles Lucas 32.

Wife Elizabeth Wilson.

E Morse Jones lists Charles Lucas, aged 32, and his wife Elizabeth as members of the party. Their names are not on the Colonial Department list.

By the Salisbury:


Robert Brady

Joseph Broadbent, and son

Charles Collins Campbell

Wife Mary Harriet Andrews


James Collett.

(Later married Rhoda Trollip of Hyman's Party.)

Thomas Field

Thomas Norris

Robert Wybrow or Whybone

William Wybrow or Whybone

This agrees with the list of passengers by the Salisbury: as given in the Cape Town Gazette of 15 December 1821. The Colonial Department's list omits Aigton and includes William Cumming. Neither list specifies the names of General Campbell's children who accompanied their parents, and it has been assumed that all the younger children did so.

Main sources for party list

Letters of Major-General Campbell to the Colonial Department (Public Record Office, London, CO 48/42); Letters from the Colonial Department to the Acting Governor (Cape Archives 1/AY 8/5); Inventory of Major-General Campbell's estate (Cape Archives MOOC 8/37 no 47). to
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