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1820 Settlers - Wainwright's Party

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  • Thomas Cockcroft, Snr (1807 - 1881)
    1820 British Settler Thomas Cockcroft (13), together with his parents Harriet Farrar Bailie (36), and Charles Cockcroft (35), a Cloth dresser, and 2 siblings, were members of Jonathan Wainwright's ...
  • Charles Cockcroft, SV/PROG (1779 - 1875)
    1820 British Settler Charles Cockcroft (35), a Cloth dresser, his wife Harriet Farrar Bailie (36), together with 3 children, were members of Jonathan Wainwright's Party of 24 Settlers on the John...
  • Harriet Farrar Cockcroft, SM/PROG (1782 - 1836)
    Date: 09 May 2011 Contributed by: Lynn MacLeod and Tessa King 1820 British Settler Harriet Farrar Bailie (36), her Husband Charles Cockcroft (35), a Cloth dresser, together with 3 children, were ...
  • William Cockcroft (1809 - 1899)
    1820 British Settler William Cockcroft (9) together with his parents Harriet Farrar Bailie (36), and Charles Cockcroft (35), a Cloth dresser, and 2 siblings, were members of Jonathan Wainwright's P...
  • John Bentley (c.1815 - d.)
    1820 British Settler Francis Parriot Bentley 37, Farmer, together with his wife Harriet Kitchen 31, and 4 children, were members of Wainwright's Party on the John . Children : William Bentley...

Wainwright's Party

Main References - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash and 1820

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Party Details

  • Leader Jonathan Wainwright
  • Number 24
  • Area Party originated from Yorkshire, England
  • Area Allocated to the Party Harewood, Lynedoch River
  • 1820 Settler Ship


  • Dates
  • Departure Liverpool, 13 January 1820
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 19 April 1820
  • Final Port Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth, May 1820

(Other parties on this voyage - Hayhurst, Liversage, Mouncey, Stanley.)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No 38 on the Colonial Department list, led by Jonathan Wainwright, a cloth manufacturer of Little Woodhouse, Leeds, Yorkshire. Wain­wright wrote to the Colonial Department that he had been 'engaged for the last 20 years in an extensive line of business, and having during that period met with an almost unprecedented series of losses and disappointments', he was eager to make a new beginning. He forwarded a testimonial to his good character ('respecta­ ble, loyal, intelligent and industrious') signed by the Mayor and magistrates of Leeds and sanctioned by the Earl of Harewood and his heir Lord Lascelles.

This was a mixed party; Jonathan Wain­wright and his son Daniel, John Braithwaite, Charles Cockcroft, William Hartley and a latecomer to the party, F P Bentley, were all 'free' settlers who had paid their own deposits and in some cases those of their servants . The party was recruited in Yorkshire; Leeds was hard-hit by the collapse of the cotton trade, and Wainwright stated that most of the men had been unemployed for a considerable time. Only four of the names that were originally submitted to the Colonial Department remained on the final sailing list: the two Wainwrights, Cockcroft and Hartley. After a number of withdrawals and substitutions, deposits were finally paid for 11 men and the party embarked at Liverpool in the John, which sailed on 13 January 1820, reaching Table Bay on 19 April and Algoa Bay in May. The party was located on an arm of the Lynedoch River and its location was named Harewood. (Harewood House, near Leeds, is the seat of the Earl of Harewood.)

Members of Wainwright's Party

[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]

[Francis Parriott Bentley, SV/PROG? Francis Parriot Bentley] 37. Farmer.

Wife Harriet Kitchen 31.

Children :

John Braithwaite 28. Farmer.

Wife Harriet Farrar Bailie 36.


George Duffield 20. Farmer.

William Hartley 40. Manufacturer.

Joseph Stirk 18. Farmer.

William Stirk 30. Farmer.

Jonathan Wainwright 48, Manufacturer.

Wife Elizabeth Nicholl 50.

Children :

George Whitehead 25. Farmer

Thomas Young 36, Farmer

Main source for party list

Return of settlers under the direction of Jonathan Wain­wright (Cape Archives CO 6138/ 1,107). This is the Lon­don list; no Agent of Transports' Return showing the state of the parties on their arrival at the Cape has been traced for the John. However, the names of all the men of the party except George Whitehead have been found in colonial records.

John Braithwaite, a farmer of Knaresborough, was ini­tially a member of Hayhurst's party but withdrew to join Wainwright. In December 1819 he and his family and sev­eral others dropped out of Wainwright's party, and Wil­liam Braithwaite's name was among those entered in place of theirs. Colonial records indicate that John Braithwaite did in the event emigrate with Wainwright, leaving his wife and children in England, but no confirmation of Wil­liam Braithwaite's presence at the Cape has been traced

The 1820 Settler Correspondence - Jonathan Wainwright

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