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rotating_world.gifAbout the Armenis surname

The Armenis family on Corfu belong to the R-P312/S116 > U152/S28 > L2/S139 > FGC13617 y-DNA haplogroup. The paternal lineage is Italo-Gaulish and the ancient origin of the family is considered Roman. The family arrived on the island of Crete from Constantinople during the 10th century. In the west, the family established itself in the regions of Liguria, Piacenza, Venice and the Provençal settlements of Sisteron, Noves and Orgon.

Etymology & Meaning of the name

το άρμενον: ιστία (sails), εξοπλισμός (armament), όπλα (weapons), οπλισμός (arms).

Action: d’armer (English: to arm; Greek: ὁπλίζω)

The surname Armeni has its origin in the ancient Greek άρμενος (armenos) meaning suitable or fitting. This is exemplified by the ancient Greek άρμενο (armeno) signifying a ship's sail. Formed from the Greek root ΑΡΩ, meaning to join or to fit. Within the context of naval technology it refers to the arms and rigging of a sailing vessel. Specifically, the preparations made for sailing and fitting a ship for a voyage or battle. Similarly, the ancient Greek τα άρμενα (ta armena) refers to the sails and masts, rigging included, of a sailing ship. The Arvanitic term άρμενίς (armenis) refers to a sailing ship and the medieval Greek φάνηκαν τριάντα άρμενα means that thirty ships appeared. The Greek verb αρμενίζω (armenizo) means to sail, to take voyages on the sea or to set sail.

The ancient Greek noun άρμενον (armenon) refers to the armament of a ship (Fr. objects d'armement). The Latin noun armarium refers to arms and the enclosure used for keeping arms. The English verb armer means to take up arms or to prepare for battle. Similarly, the French armer un vaisseau means to fit or to arm out a ship for battle. The Latin verb armare and Spanish term armar mean to arm, to fit out a ship or to assemble.

Variations of the name include the following:

  • Armenis (Grk.); Armeniis (Barese; Adriatic); Ermeniis (Genoese; Ligurian); Hermeniis (Narbonne)
  • Arminii (Neapolitan); Erminii (Genoese; Ligurian)
  • Arminerii / Armenerii (Burgundian); Ermenerii (Genoese, Ligurian)
  • Armer (Fr.); Armar (Sp.); Armare (Lat.)
  • Armeri (Ven.) / Arneri (Korčulanski) / Arnerić (Croatian: meaning the son of Arneri)
  • Armuri (Cretan) / Armuni (Istrian) / Armani (Dalmatian)
  • Armarium (Lat.) / Armario (Ital.) / Armadio (Ital.)
  • Darmarius (Lat.) / Darmario (Ital.) / Darmer (Fr.) / d'Armer

Constantinople -> Crete (Armeni alias Armer)

The Venetian author Andrea Cornaro from Crete wrote the following:

The island of Crete was taken by Nikephoros Phokas after 142 years of occupation by the Barbarians. The Empire colonized the island with noble families from the Senatorial Order of Constantinople, namely the Armeni, the Caleteri, the Anatolici, Curgiacii, the Saturnini known as Cortaci, the Vespasiani known as Melissini, the Ligni known as Suttili, the Paniniani known as Vlasti, the Romuli known as Claudii, the Aliati known as Scordili, the Coloriesi known as Coleini, the Orsini known as Arcoledi, and the Foca from the same bloodline as Nikephoros Phokas, and so it is that from these Foca, the Calergi house originated.

These virtuous people (The Sfakiotai) inhabited the mountains of Chania towards the south-east, and boasted that they were the descendants of the most illustrious families of the Romans, who moved to Constantinople and settled in Candia.

In the 15th century the Florentine, Cristoforo Buondelmonti, travelled to the Greek islands. He tells of twelve Roman families that propagated the flag and culture of the Eastern Roman Empire, adherents of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Among them were the Cortati (Saturi in Latin, 500 in number), Mellisini (Vespasiani, 300), Ligni (Scutiles, 1600), Vlasti (Papiniani, 200), Cladi (Ramuli, 180), Scordili (Aglati, 800), Colonni (Colonenses, 30) and Arculeades (Ursini, 100), while the other four families were not named. Later, the writer Boschini, repeated this statement with little deviation. Also in the special description of Crete by the same Buondelmonti was mentioned the Roman families who had moved to Crete from Constantinople, stating that the Cortati were rightly called Cortazi, and that the Archuleades or Colonni had migrated at a later date, and, as they had been intolerant of the other families, they went into self-exile in Sitia.

Andrea Cornaro in his history of the island confirmed this colonization in the time of the re-conquest by Nikephoros Phokas and identified with the exception of those mentioned by Buondelmonti another four families, the Armeni, Caleteri, Anatolici and Foca, of which the latter was famous, gutted after a long struggle among the Venetian patricians, from this house the house of Calergi was established. These later products - for Andrea Cornaro, himself a Cretan from the Venetian colony wrote in the year 1615 – he cites the authentic manuscript dated October 1183.

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Source: Creta sacra; sive, De episcopis utriusque ritus, Græci et Latini, in insula Cretae. Accedit series præsidum Venetorum inlustrata - by Flaminio Cornaro, 1755. Original from Oxford University

According to Andrea Cornaro, Emperor Alexios II Komnenos sent twelve noble Byzantine families to Crete, in order to strengthen the ties between the island and Constantinople. The families that were awarded land and administrative privileges included:

1.) Armeni

2.) Caleteri

3.) Anatolici [Kalotheto]

4.) Curgiaki [Curgiacii/Kyriaki]

5.) Saturnini [Cortaci/Chortatzi]

6.) Vespasiani [Melissino]

7.) Ligni [Suttili]

8.) Paniniani [Vlasto]

9.) Romuli [Claudii]

10.) Aliati [Scordili]

11.) Coloriesi [Coleini/Colonna]

12.) Orsini [Arcoledi]

The family of Nikephoros Phokas, the general who had defeated the Arabs and liberated Crete, later became known as Calergi during the period of Venetian rule.

The first re-settlement of Crete began immediately after the Arabs were defeated by general Nicephore Foca in 961AD. The general had faithfully served the Eastern Roman Emperor, Romanus II Armenius, son of Constantinus VII Armenius [also known as Porphyrogennito]. Romanus II ruled from 948 to 963, after which Nikephoros Phokas married his widow and was himself proclaimed emperor of Constantinople.

The family from Heraklion (Grk. Χάνδακας / Ηράκλειο; Lat. Candia) established itself on the island of Corfu whereas the family from Chania (Grk. Χανιά; Lat. Canea) moved to the island of Corfu and Venice.

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Chania - Crete (Armeni alias Armer)

The family that had established itself in Chania on Crete was documented as Armer (also Armuri).

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Crete -> Venetian Republic

Marco Armeni is listed in the register of notaries in Crete (Regno di Candia) kept on the premises of the Basilica of Saint Mark in Venice. He was registered from 1525 to 1543.

Michiel Armeni from Crete, son of Giorgio Armeni, was registered as a Venetian merchant during the period 1635 - 1643.

The Latin Church of Crete (Roman Catholic Church)

After the occupation by the Franks, there was in Crete a Latin See known as Agiensis, which was the same as that of Cydonia, or Canea (Chania). Lequien (III, 923-928) knows of sixteen Latin bishops, from 1310 to 1645. The Venetians rebuilt and fortified Chania in 1252, until it was finally taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1645. The Greeks called it Chania and the Western peoples Canea.

In 1642, Georgium D. Armenium alias Giorgio d'Arminio (also Giorgio Darmiro), was canon and plenipotentiary to the secretary of the Roman Catholic Church of Crete. An ex-resident of Cydonia and canon of the church of Agiensis (Chania), he became the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Caprulenses (Caorle - Metropolitan City of Venice) from 1649 to 1655 and the Bishop of Aemoniensis (today Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia) from 1655 to 1670.

Crete -> Milos (Armenis alias Armer -> Darmer)

The Armeni family on the island of Milos in the Cyclades originally arrived from Crete together with the Kotakis family (Cottachi). Members of this family served the Venetian Republic and were involved in the Venetian administration of the Cyclades.

This family was also known as d'Armer and served the Venetian Republic and France as consuls. In the year 1589 Ioannis Armenis (alias Jean Darmer) was nominated consul and representative of the merchants from Marseille that traded with the Cyclades. Nicolas Lesdos, chaplain of Francois de Gontaut Biron, baron de Salignac and French Ambassador to Sultan Ahmed, entrusted all the Roman Catholic church’s possessions to the French consul of Milos, Ioannis Armenis.

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In 1628 Rugieros Armenis (Grk. Ρουγγιερος Άρμένης), whose ancestors were from the island of Milos, was a nobleman on the Ionian island of Zante (also Zakynthos).

In 1632 the Archbishop of Milos and Kimolos was Meletios Armenis from Milos. In 1633 he recommended Goulios Rotas to the Greek College in Rome. He was strongly opposed to the Patriarche of Constantinople, Cyril Lucaris, who had invited Calvinist lecturers to teach theology to Orthodox seminarians. Lucaris accused Archbishop Meletios Armenis of planning to assasinate him with diamond dust. The Synod of Constantinople in 1672 anathemitised all the followers of Lucaris and condemned his Calvinist teachings.

In 1655 the principal lord of Milos and Kimolos was Iacomaki Armeni (also Giacomo Armeni). He was respected by the Greeks of the Archipelago. His eldest son, Manolaki Armeni, married Fioreta the daughter of Giacomo Anaplioti, Governor of the island of Santorini and Gianna Dargenta from Venice.

In January 1647 Captain Nikolaos Armenis from Milos was injured during the naval battle of the Cretan War as the commander of the Modanna della Salute. It was during the same confrontation with the Ottoman galleys that Thomas Morosini was killed. In 1652 the Venetian Provedditore d’Armata, Badoer Barbaro, appointed Nikolaos Armenis to the position of Ammiraglio del Capitano del Navi or fleet commander. Two decades later in 1667, Nikolaos Armenis was given command of the Giove Fulminante, one of the largest warships in the Venetian fleet. On the 15th of Mach 1675 the Venetian adventurer Ambrosio Bembo arrived at the island of Kimolos (also Argentiera) onboard the Giove Fulminante captained by Nikolaos Armenis.

On Corfu, the 18th of February 1683, Gianis Armenis, the son of the late Mikelis Armenis from Milos, requested from the Greek bishop of Corfu, a license to marry Stamatela Latzi, daughter of Capo Stathi Latzi from Corfu. At the time Gianis had been married to Nikoleta Grimani, daughter of Gianni Grimani. Genealogy: γιάννη ἀρμένη ὑιοῦ τοῦ πτ. μικέλ τοῦ μαρκουλή τοῦ μπαλή ἀπό τήν μίλο

Family from the island Crete

The earliest notable families of the isle of Milos, other than the Armeni, are the Kotaki, the Tataraki and the Modino. All, at a given time, represented the central government as tax collectors and were elected members of the island community, while some were elected archbishop of the Orthodox Church or represented Venice and France as consuls.

Original text p.573: Κατοικίας, συνωκίσθησαν είς τήν Ζεφειρίαν. Κατ’ έποχήν δ’ ώσαύτως άγνωστον άλλά μεταγενεστέραν ήλθεν έκ Κρήτης καί έτερός τις άρχων Ταταράκης το όνομα, μέ τινας Κρήτας, ώς τούτο καί παρά τενων γερόντων τήν σήμερον έτι άναφέρεται. Άναφέρεται δέ καί τις (έγχώριος ώς φαίνεται) άρχων, όστις Αρμένης καλείται, οίον έν τώ έξής διστίχω. Καί πρώτος ήτον πάντοτε Άρμένης καί Κοτάκης, Καί μετά ταύτα, φάνηκεν ό άξιος Ταταράκης. Καί ΄τι μέν ή Ζεφειρία άπό τά τρία ταύτα γένη συνωκίσθη, καί ή έτι μεταξύ τών κατοίκων σωζομένη διαίρεσις τό μαρτυρεί, διότι έν αύτή εύρίσκονται χωρικοί ών ή καταγωγή είναι κρητική, καί έτεροι θεωρούντες έαυτούς ώς ίθαγενείς.

English translation: Residents of Zefyria. In an unknown period they [Cottachi] arrived from Crete, and after arrived the archons named Tatarakis. Also mentioned are the (seemingly indigenous) archons named Armenis, first among them all. First of all were always the Armenis and Kotakis, And after appeared the worthy Tatarakis. And what is known is the fact that Zefyria was the residence of these three families, and that among them there is testimony that they were natives of Crete, and others believed themselves to be indigenous (to Milos).

Family from Anatolia -> Milos -> Sardinia (Armenian origin)

A second family with the lastname Armeni exists on the Cycladic island of Milos. This family has a different origin to the established family on Milos that originated from the island of Crete. Dr. Petros Armenis, custodian of the history of the island and founder of the nautical museum on Milos, states that there were two unrelated families with the surname Armeni on the island, the oldest family arrived from Venetian Crete and the other arrived much later from Anatolia. He reports that his family have Anatolian origins and have no relation to the Roman Catholic family who have no relatives left on the island. DNA test results performed on Dr. Petros Armenis confirm his theory as he belongs to an Armenian haplotype of the R1b haplogroup. DNA matching shows Armenian matches with paternal origins from Anatolia in Turkey.

DNA tests performed on male relatives from Sardinia have been successful, matching the haplotype belonging to Dr. Petros Armenis. In 1748, a merchant named Emmanuel Armeni relocated to Carloforte on the island of San Pietro. Towards the middle of the 19th century a descendant of his left Carloforte to settle at Calasetta on the island of San Antioco, giving rise to the spread of the surname there.

Venice -> Istria (Armeni alias Armini -> Armadi)

A branch of the Armeni family settled in Ossero and Capodistria on the Istrian peninsula. This family went by the name Armadi. The Venetian chronicler Andrea Dandolo introduces us to a long list of names of the noble families of Eraclea that established themselves on other islands. From this list we read that the Armadi family originated from the Armeni.

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Armoriale (Armeni family Crest) (Aquileia, Ossero, Venezia): De azur à la jeune grue (avec sa vigilance d'argent) avec de gueules soutenue d'une couronne d'or posée sur un tertre.

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Corfu -> Korcula (Armenis alias Armer -> Arneri -> Arnerich)

The Armeni family is a noble house of Korcula. The family on Corfu established itself on the island during Venetian rule. This family was ennobled by the Venetian Republic for fighting against the Ottoman fleet off the coast of Crete. This family later became known as Arner and under Slavic influence the name changed to Arneric / Arnerich.

Noble families on the island of Korcula:

1. Armeni (Arneri); 2. Bosanei (Rosanei); 3. Gabrieli (Gabrielli); 4. Ismaeli; 5. Niconiti (Niconitius); 6. Zilij (Zilio); 7. Simenoti (Simonetti); 8. Canavelli (Kanavelli); 9. Vidisij (Vidossi); 10. Urbani; 11. Padrei (Petrei); 12. Sunij (Giunij, Junii); 13. Segnich (Spagnich, Spagniol); 14. Ostoi; 15. Stella; 16. Parpaci (Barbaci, Barbati); 17. Michioli (Michieli); 18. Budui (Budni); 19. Vidali (Vitali); 20. Baranovi (Baranove); 21. Obrudi (Obradi)

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Heraklion -> Venice


In 1428 Monoli Armeni fought against the Ottoman Empire. He was a Venetian balistier (crossbow-man) from Heraklion, Crete.

In 1502 Constantino Armeni son of viro ser Theodorino Armeni from Pentamodi in Heraklion were mentioned in a notarial Act by Francesco Bruno canonicus cretensis of the church of Sancti Titi on Crete.

In Heraklion on the 1st of July 1547 ser Piero Armeni injured ser Liadari Zorzi di Candia during a dueling contest.

The iconographer maestro Stefanos Armenis (Grk. μαΐστρος) from Heraklion is mentioned in numerous notarial Acts from 1549 to 1568.

Heraklion -> Wallachian Principality <-> Hungary / Poland

In 1601 Petrus Armenus from Heraklion was ennobled by the Holy Roman Emperor from the House of Hapsburg. Petrus was a Wallachian boyar who served the Wallachian ruler Michael the Brave as negotiator with the Polish king. He served as ambassador for the Habsburg Empire at Constantinople and was an acclaimed financier who assisted the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II. An accomplished artist / painter, he was the son of Gregorius Armenus.

Armoriale (de Candia): De gueules à la grue avec sa vigilance d'argent soutenue d'une couronne d'or posée sur un tertre de sinople le champ chapé-ployé d'azur à deux griffons affrontés d'or supportant ensemble une croix de Lorraine du même Casque couronné Cimier un vol à l'antique de gueules ch d'une grue avec sa vigilance d'argent Lambrequin à dextre d'or et d'azur à senestre d'argent et de gueules

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Chania -> Venice (Armeni alias Armer)

The family established itself on the island of Crete in the city / burgo of Chania and was also known as Armer ('d) or as Armuri. Ennobled by the Doge of Venice various members of this branch held positions of primary significance throughout the Venetian Republic.

Arma (di Venezia): D'oro alla fascia di azzurro accompagnata da tre gigli dello stesso ordinati in capii.

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In 1406 the baronia di conte di Martina was leased to Fioravante de San Ippolito and Vito Darmer. The "luogotenente generale" or primary tennant was Vito Darmer (Grk: Νικά). The barony included land in the following settlements:

1. Kavvadades 2. Armenades 3. Termenades (Stermenades) 4. Dafni (Perlepsimades / Provlepsimades) 5. Magoulades 6. Rachtades 7. Mesaria 8. Velonades 9. Karousades 10. Valanio 11. Falkou (next to Ag. Martinos) 12. Gouveia 13. Kyra Chrysikou 14. Afra 15. Potamos 16. Pelekas (incl. Ag. Georgios Ipsilon) 17. Sinarades 18. Mesongi

The barony was later subdivided. The Darmer barony included the following locations:

1. Karousades

2. Velonades

3. Rachtades

4. The Jewish quarter of Corfu Town (στην Οβριακή)

5. Corfu Town (Sinagoga Vechia del Ebrei Corfiotti)

6. Potamos

7. Spilia in Corfu Town (Μονή Θεοτόκου Σπηλιώτισσας)

8. New Fortress in Corfu Town (Church of the blessed Virgin of Carmel)

  • Έκταση που περιλαμβάνει το κτίριο του κήπου και την αυλή της εκκλησίας περίπου μέχρι τα τείχη του Ν. φρουρίου και του προμαχόνα Σαραντάρη που οριοθετούν το Φέουδο.

9. Corfu Town (Μονή Παναγίας των Αγγέλων)

10. Klimatia (Μονή Αγίας Τριάδος)

11. Corfu Town (La Chiesa della B. V. Vlacherna)

12. Corfu Town (La Chiesa della B. V. del Rosario)

13. Corfu Town (La Chiesa di S. Salvatore)

14. Garitsa (Ιερός Ναός Αγίων Αποστόλων Ιάσονος και Σωσιπάτρου)

Corfu Town

Esistenti delle fondi in questa Citta nella Sistiere dette dell Ebraica, e Spilia Contra della Chiesa S.a Soffia, la chiesa della B. V. Odojitria, B. V. Teotoco, B. V. Vlacherena e della chiesa di S. B.V. degl’ Angioli di ragione del Feudo Darmer.

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In 1499 the admiral of the Venetian fleet, Alberto Armeno alias Albano Armenio (also Alban Armerio), died bravely during the naval battle of Zochio against the Ottomans. He was a native of Corfu and named his warship Santa Barbara. The church in the village of Rachtades is named Santa Barbara after the patron saint of artillery. The naval battle of Zochio is noted as the first naval battle in history where gunpowder was used.

Alberto's brother, Alvise Armeno (Luigi Armeno also Alvise Darmer), was the Venetian Governor / Bailo of Corfu and represented the Venetian Republic during the preparations for the war of Lepanto in 1521.

The family coat of arms were built into the cuppola of the ancient Byzantine church of Saints Jason and Sosipater in Garitsa on Corfu. This is the oldest functioning church on Corfu.

Following his brother's death in 1499, Alvise Armeno was awarded the saltworks near the suburb of Potamo.


Kingdom of Naples - Avellino (Armeni alias Armino -> Arminio)

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A branch of this family under Blasio d'Arminio arrived in the county of Avellino together with Simone VI de Monforte [April 1240 – 1271] when Charles I d'Anjou conquered the territory in 1271. Blasio married Costanza dell’Aquila in the year 1258. During the Norman rule of Campania in southern Italy, the county of Avellino was acquired by Riccardo dell'Aquila. In the year 1271 Charles I d'Anjou assigned the county of Avellino to the Montfort family, who were succeeded by the Des Baux (Del Balzo) and the Filangieri.

Armoriale (Avellino, Castile): d'Azur à trois fasces d'or chacune de trois mouchetures d'hermine de sable.

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In 1270 Jean-Jacques Armenius de Montforte was Magister of the Messarium of Capua and Castellan / Governor of the castle of Capua. He was better known as Giovanni Armeni and held estates in the Land of Otranto and on the island of Corfu. He married Thomasine de Capua and had issue.

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Original text: Guillocto Accillatore castellano castri Capuane de Neapoli. Scriptum est eidem etc. Cum per Philippum de Gonessa regni Sicilie mare- scallum balium et vicarium et Gualterium de Collepetro prothovestiarium principatus Achaye in Clarencia et per Iordanum de Sancto Felice capitaneum et iudicem Florium de Venusio mag. massarium insule Corphoy in eadem insula certum ordinare mandemus numerum forgiarum pro faciendo ibi ad opus Curie nostre quarrellis tam ad unum quam ad duos pedes quod fieri volumus secundum quod alii quarrelli Curie nostre quos fecit qd. Iohannes Armenus facti sunt in castro pred. sub tua custodia existente f. t. precipimus qt. . . . quarrellos II ad unum et alios II ad duos pedes de pred. quarrellis factis per Iohannem Armenum qui sub custodia tua sunt eos vid. qui sint integre et melius impennati nullumque defectum habeant nobili viro Lodoyco de Monte assignare procures per eum ap. Brundusium ad Iustitiarium Terre Ydronti et deinde per ipsum Iustitiarium ad pred. fideles nostros ad partes easdem absque mora qualibet destinanda Dat. ap. Urbem Veterem IX octobris X ind. (c.1282AD) (Reg. 39, f. 200 bis t.).

Analysis:

  • Iohannes Armenus, the late Governor of the Castle of Capua
  • Philippo de Lagonessa, Mareschal (governor) and Vicar of Sicily
  • Guillotto Accillatore (Guillaume l'Artilleur), Governor of the Castle of Capua
  • Gualterio de Collepietro, Chamberlain and Vicar General of the Principality of Achaea
  • Giordano Sanfelice, family member of Charles I d'Anjou, the Justiceship of Basilicata and Vicar General of Corfu
  • Florio de Venusio, Capitaneus, Judge and Magister Massarius of Corfu
  • Ludovico de Montibus, spouse of Giovanna dell'Aquila, the Justiceship of the Land of Otranto and Viceroy

The text states that the estate of the late Iohannes Armenus was disputed by his two sons. The above individuals held the estate until the dispute could be resolved.

In 1280 Lazius Armenius was appointed fundicarius of the fundico salis Neapolis together with Giffus de Goffrido, Martucius de Madio, Sergius Pappacoda and Iohannes de Ruta from Aversa. This position was charged with regulating the salt industry in the Kingdom of Naples.

Charles III d'Anjou [Reign: 12.5.1382 to 24.2.1386] made honorable mention of Niccola d'Arminio. Giacomo d'Arminio was ennobled by King Ladislaus of Naples [Reign: 24.2.1386 to 6.8.1414] and appointed capitano della baronia di Tocco and a delegate to certain diplomatic commissions. He appears in the Royal register of 1390 and was commissioned in 1391 to demand the new duty imposed on the city of Salerno to arm the Royal galleys. In the year 1400 Martinello d'Arminio was appointed capitano della baronia di Tocco by King Ladislaus of Naples. Guglielmo III di Tocco was Conte di Martina and baron di Tocco.

The baronia di conte di Martina on Corfu was established out of the baronies of Guglielmo II di Tocco in 1330, while a part of these lands were inherited by his son Pietro II di Tocco, who became conte di Martina and seignior di Montemiletto. When Philip II of Taranto died without issue, his nephew, Jacques Des Baux became ruler of Corfu. The Corfiots however swore allegiance to Joanna I of Naples. The Navarrese company serving Jacques Des Baux took Corfu in 1378. Soon afterwards, Corfu fell back into Angevin hands under Charles III d'Anjou.

Barons di Tocco

  1. Pietro I di Tocco (born between 1275-1305) (+before 1330) 1st marriage, Pellegrina Malerba daughter of Sir Rogerio (+ after 1278); 2nd marriage to Isabella daughter of Pandolfo Dentice, Patrician of Naples, and Florella (+ after 1330)
  2. Guglielmo II di Tocco (+22.9.1335), Governor of Corfu 1328-1335. 1st marriage before1311 to Margherita Orsini Angelo Dukas, Lady of the island of Zante, daughter of Giovanni I, Lord of Lefkada and Maria Angela of the Despotate of Epirus
  3. Pietro II di Tocco (Petrillo) (+ after 1346/1377), Seneschal of the Kingdom of Sicily during the reign of King Roberto I, received the fiefs on the island of Corfu in 1353, became the first Conte di Martina in 1364. 1st marriage to Covella Capece (+ after 1340); second marriage before 19.4.1359 to Isabella de Sabran, daughter of Guglielmo, Count of Celano, Governor of Abruzzo and Molise; and Francesca of the Counts of Celano (+ after 1378).
  4. Guglielmo III di Tocco (Gurello) (+1408), Conte di Martina, purchased Montemiletto in 1383; his fiefs were confiscated by King Ladislaus of Naples. 1st marriage in 1381 to Caterina Cantelmo daughter of Rostaino, Lord of Popoli (+ after 24.2.1382 and before1387); 2nd marriage in 1387/1392 to Costanza Filangieri daughter of Giacomo Antonio, 1st Count of Avellino and Giovanna Minutolo.

Land of Otranto: The Armeniis family, lords of Martina

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The Terra di Otranto, or Terra d’Otranto (in English, Land of Otranto), is an historical and geographical region of Apulia, anciently part of the Kingdom of Sicily and later of the Kingdom of Naples, which became a province of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The comune of Matina (also known as Martina Franca) is the capital of the district.

Palagianello (de Armeniis alias Domini Roberti)

The town of Palagianello is first mentioned in the year 1463, located in the land of ravines which stretches from Matera to Grottaglie. The first landowners of Palagianello were the de Armeniis (also known as Domini Roberti) family. They received the title in 1463 following the death of the Prince of Taranto, Giannantonio Orsini Del Balzo (†14.11.1463), the stepson of King Ladislaus of Naples.

The rocky settlement named Palagiano dates back to the 14th century. In the 15th century Palagiano Vecchio and Palagianello were established. The town is not far from Taranto. The Caracciolo Castle was commissioned by this family in the 17th century.

The de Armeniis family were the barons of Palagianello, an ancient lordship of this family. According to the protocols of the notaries of Altamura, the house of Domini Roberti of Taranto was originally known as de Armeniis. Baron Giovanni Vincenzo de Armeniis Domini Roberti was the ancestor of Livia de Armeniis Domini Roberti, the spouse of Felice Antonio Viti, son of Giovanni Vincenzo Viti and Clarice Mastrilli.

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Ostuni (de Armeniis)

In the city of Ostuni numerous members of the de Armeniis family held the esteemed office of notary and magister. Among them, during the 15th century, Leo de Armeniis was a magister and notary from as early as 1445 - 1470. Stefano de Armeniis is noted as a magister and notary in Ostuni during the same time. In 1489 Iacobus de Armeniis, a notary in the service of the Aragonese Kingdom of Sicily, was a notary in the city of Ostuni. In the archives of Ostuni a priest named Donato de Armeniis is mentioned in 1558.

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Bari (de Armeniis alias Armenise)

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The Armenise family in Bari is a prominent and historically significant family in Italy. The family coat of arms are identical to the family from Franche-Comté in Burgundy, France.

Arma: D'azzurro alla fascia d'oro accompagnata da 3 armellini di nero posti 2 in capo ed 1 in punta.

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Abruzzo (Armeniis - Armeni - de Armini)

The house of Armeniis was a member of the nobility in the city of Penne in the province of Teramo, Abruzzo. Giuseppe Armeni was ordained bishop of Atri, Penne in the year 1670 and bishop of Teramo in 1681. He held the titles Prince of Teramo, Count of Bisemnii and Baron of Rocca Santa Maria.

Arma (d'Abruzzo): Torre difesa da due cannoni.

Motto: Undique Tuta

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In the late 15th century Dr. Nicolaus Armini was the Medical Doctor in the city of Atri, Penne. His son Sir Rogerio Armini was the rector of the rural church of St. Giovanni and procurator of the church of Santa Maria in the year 1532. In the year 1595 magister Donato Armeni and Dr. Pietro Armeni from Penne in the province of Teramo traveled to Venice. Dr. Pietro Armeni's daughter Donna Diomira Armeni married Dr. Giuseppe De Simone in the year 1596. Magister Donato Armeni was the ancestor of Baron Andrea Armeni (Andreas Armeniis, also de Armini).

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Naples -> Venetian Albania (Navarrese Company -> Pampalione -> Pamaliotti)

The Navarrese Company [Gran Compañía Navarra] was a company of mercenaries, mostly from Navarre and Gascony, which fought in Greece during the late 14th and early 15th centuries, in the twilight of Frankish power and dwindling remnant of the Latin Empire. "Navarrese Company" is an informal, modern, somewhat inaccurate, term for these soldiers. The enrolment lists for those years have been preserved in Pamplona [preserved in the Archive de la Camara de Comptos de Pamplona].

Members of the company were alternatively known as the Pamaliotti, a name derived from Pampalione, meaning from Pamplone. The capital of the region of Navarre was known during the Middle Ages as Pompalion ... today we know it as Pamplona.

Though these soldiers were recruited for service in Albania, they were first organized in Naples. In 1372, Louis d'Évreux (also called "of Navarre"; 1341 – 1376) (became Duke of Durazzo in right of his second wife, Joanna, in 1366) brought over the Navarrese Company of mercenaries, who had fought with him during the war in France, to assist him in taking Durazzo. In 1375 and 1376, many men from Navarre began enlisting and travelled directly to Albania to join their countrymen. The enrollment lists for those years have been preserved in Pamplona and reveal the important presence of many engineers. The total number of men which left Tortosa between February 1375 and June 1376 was in the thousands. They were paid thirty gold Aragonese florins a month. In 1376, Louis and the Navarrese captured Durazzo, thus reestablishing the regnum Albaniae.

The Navarrese Company in 1366 was comprised of mercenaries who were organized into a coherent company of soldiers under Louis d'Évreux in France. He became Duke of Durazzo in right of his wife, Joanna. Louis was a brother of Charles of Navarre, who supported his endeavour to recapture lost Durazzo and the regnum Albaniae. Joanna's sister Agnes (1345–1388, Naples) married second Jacques Des Baux.

Jacques Des Baux (aka Jacopo del Balzo, Prince of Taranto and Prince of Achaea, Despot of Romania, Lord of Albania and Corfu, Titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople) hired the services of the Navarrese Company to retake the regnum Albaniae and its capital Durazzo. The centres of their influence included the settlements of Drivasto, Scutari, Suacinense, Dulcigno, Cattaro and Antivari.

Venetian Albania (Pamaliotti)

Before the Venetian conquest of Venetian Albania, Catarino Darmer was appointed mayor of the Dalmatian city of Split in 1323. The name Catarino was derived from the city of Cattaro, the capital of Venetian Albania. In 1389, the bailo & Venetian governor of Corfu, Simon Darmer, was elected governor & mayor of the city of Capo d’Istria. In 1415, Jacopo Darmer was appointed Castellano of Zara in Dalmatia by the Grand Council of Venice.

In 1423, the elder of the family, Nicha Armeni (It. Vito; Grk. Νικά), was awarded the title of count (Comes – Κόμης) by ducal decree from the Venetian Senate. He was awarded the region of Suacio (In Serbo-Croatian known as Svac), located on lake Sas, and was styled voivode of the Pamaliotti. Since the establishment of the Navarrese company in Albania, it had started to develope into a community that included local pastoralists on the coastal highlands of the region under Venetian administration.

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Nicha Armeni interceded on behalf of his sons, who were also awarded titles and land by the Venetian Senate, his three sons were named Calozorzi Armeni (aka Georgius Armenia), Theodoro Armeni (aka Theodore Armenia) and Duca Armeni (aka Duche Armenia). The family residence in Dulcigno, aka Ulcinj, was granted as a refuge should they be exiled from the borderlands, the residence is said to have belonged to Petri de Nicha. This may be the same individual noted in the Venetian archives as Petro Darmer the son of Vito Darmer (†1413) from Corfu. Petro Darmer was the father of Arseni Darmer who in 1463 provided the credit needed for the construction of the palazzo di Albaniae Veneta, completed in 1478. Therefore, Nicha Armeni may have been the grandson of Vito Darmer (†1413) from Corfu. Vito Darmer's daughter married Januli Fiomaco who travelled together with Pietro Malipiero to Durazzo in Albania.

DNA Evidence

The Armeni family on Corfu match the descendants of Stefano Konjević (born 28 Dec. 1812) from Herceg-Novi, Bay of Kotor (Cattaro). He migrated to the United States around 1833 and is the progenitor of the Cognevich family in the United States.

BigY test results between members of both families suggest that the estimated time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) is approximately 500 years before the present (1500 - 1550). Both male lineages belong to the R-U152/S28 > L2/S139 > FGC13617 y-DNA haplogroup.

Common SNPs (Armenis/Cognevich): FGC13617 2972251-AC-A BY31087 7346614-AAGG-A FGC13619 FGC13621 FGC13624 FGC13625 FGC13627 FGC13629 FGC13630 FGC13633 FGC13634 FGC13635 FGC13636 FGC13637 FGC13638 FGC13639 BY31131 FGC13640 FGC13641 FGC13642 FGC13615 FGC13643 FGC13644 FGC13645 FGC13646 FGC13649 FGC13650

Both participants were found to have 12 private SNPs each. Each SNP equates to a period of approximately 40 years or slightly more that one generation per SNP. In addition to SNP testing the STR results indicate a genetic difference of 4 on 67 markers (63/67). It is estimated that on average a single STR mutation occurs over a period of 130 years. Therefore, we see that the estimated TMRCA is 500 years before the present.

Cognevich private SNPs: BY99534 BY120493 FGC13616 6652398AC-A 6784357AC-A BY72344 BY77462 BY79174 BY81038 BY85420 BY37029 BY115466 CTS11313

Armenis private SNPs: FGC13648 FGC13618 FGC13622 FGC13626 FGC13628 FGC13631 FGC13632 FGC13653 FGC13652 FGC13651 FGC13647 FGC8008 Z12225

Angevin (Guelf)

Most often, existing factions in the cities (usually among the nobility) adopted a pro-papal or pro-imperial attitude, thus drawing themselves into the wider international struggle but without losing their local character. The fighting between Guelfs and Ghibellines in various communes often ended with the exile of the losing party from the city. The rivalry between Ghibellines (in this case representing feudal aristocrats) and Guelfs (representing wealthy merchants) was especially ferocious in Florence, where the Guelfs were exiled twice (1248 and 1260) before the invading Charles d'Anjou ended Ghibelline domination in 1266.

After the Hohenstaufen loss of southern Italy (1266) and the final extinction of their line (1268), the Guelf and Ghibelline conflict changed in meaning. In the international sphere, Guelfism constituted a system of alliances among those who supported the Angevin presence in southern Italy—including the Angevin rulers of Sicily themselves, the popes, and Florence with its Tuscan allies. Within the many cities where the Guelfs triumphed, the party became a conservative force, a property-owning group interested in maintaining the exile of the Ghibellines whose holdings had been confiscated.

During the course of the 14th century, the importance of both parties rapidly declined. They lost international significance because the emperors no longer interfered in Italy and the popes moved from Rome to France.

Provence - Chateaux de Noves - Orgon (Armeni de Noves -> de Noves)

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The Armeni (de Noves) family held the lordship of Orgon and Noves. Foulques d'Agoult, Grand Seneschal of Provence and Grand Chamberlain of Sicily [1290-1375] married Alix des Baux from Avellino, daughter of Raymond I des Baux, Count of Avellino [1265-1321]. Their son, Foulques d'Agoult (Dagout), was Marquis of Corfu and lord of Orgon.

In the year 1185 Guillaume Arméni de Noves was present in the cloister of St. Marie with his sons Aldebert, Pontius and Rufus where he had his seignorial rights confirmed in an Act signed by Geoffrey, bishop of Avignon.

His son, Aldebert Armene, held the first rank in Noves and was Judge of Avignon from 1190. At Tarascon on February 1211 he sold the lordship of Orgon to Sancha of Aragon (1186-1241). She was an Aragonese princess who by marriage became Countess of Toulouse and Marchioness of Provence from 1211 to 1241. In 1211 Sancha married Raymond VII (1197-1249), becoming his first wife to divorce him in 1241. Raymond VII was the Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne and Marquis of Provence from 1222 until his death.

The grandfather of Simon VI de Montfort, Count of Avellino, defeated Raymond VII, and took control of the county of Toulouse from 1215 until his death during the seige of Toulouse in 1218. His son, the father of Simon VI, Count of Avellino, was ten years of age and present with his mother in Toulouse. Aldebert Armene was appointed Judge, Assessor & Chancellor of the Counts of Toulouse in the county of Provence from 1200 until 1222.

In the year 1280 Petrus de Noves was the Castellan / Governor of the old castle on Corfu.

Provence - Orgon -> Corfu

Joanna I of Naples (1326 – 27 July 1382) was Queen of Naples and Countess of Provence and Forcalquier from 1343 to 1382; she was also Princess of Achaea from 1373 to 1381. At Joan's death, Louis of Anjou, to whom she bequeathed her kingdom, made himself master of the principality, and erected Corfu into a marquisate which he bestowed on Foulques d'Agoult (Foulque Dagout), his Seneschal of Provence.

Foulques d'Agoult was Count of Gérassi, lord of Val d'Oulle, Orgon, Marquis of Corfou, Vicount of Reillanne (1372), Grand Seneschal of Provence (1376-1385) and Chamberlain of Joanna I of Naples. He was the son of Alix Des Baux, the daughter of Raymond I Des Baux, Count of Avellino.

Avellino - Burgundy (Armini -> Arminerii -> Armenie)

Before 1333 Humbert II de la Tour-du-Pin, brought with him from Naples to Dauphine, magister Nicolao Constantino Arminerio, a nobleman from Avellino in the Kingdom of Naples also documented as domino Castri Novi de Bordeta (lord of the new castle in Bourdeau).

In October 1367 Guillelmus Armini is mentioned as a beneficiary of King Charles V the Dauphine.

In the year 1394 Gui Armenie, documented as Guido Arminerii, was Councellor to Etienne the Count of Montbéliard. In the Church of Montigny is engraved in Gothic letters an anagram of his name and the words Praeses Burgundiae. He was appointed speaker of parliament by Philippe the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. He was also appointed president of parliament in Paris and noted as Comte of Burgougne, Seigneur de Montigny, Jura et de Bermont.

Armoriale (Franche-Comté): D'azur à la fasce d'or, accompagnée de trois hermines de sable, 2 en chef, 1 en pointe.

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Republic of Genoa (Arminii -> Ermenio -> Erminio -> Ermirio)

The Armeni family was well established in Liguria, patricians of the Republic of Genoa, merchants and consuls in the eastern Mediterranean. They were named as one of approximately 100 other families, most of them patricians of Genoa, lenders and landholders in the Holy Land during the 12th and 13th centuries. Some of the families mentioned include: Boccanegra, Buroni, Doria, Cataneo, Calvo, Cicala, Doria, Dinegro, Ermirio, Fattinanti, Gattilusio, Grimaldi, Grillo, Guarco, Lercaro, Pagano, Piccaniiglio, Recco, Rapallo, Sauli, Stregghiaporco, Scarella, Vignolo, Valdettaro, ect.

Baldoini Arminij, also known as Baldovino Ermenio, was the owner of a merchant vessel that left for Constantinople in the year 1186. Ansaldo Bonvicino, the confidant of Marquis Conrad de Montferrat, procured this vessel to sail from Constantinople to Jerusalem in the year 1187. He is also documented in a manuscript from the year 1250 as the deceased owner of a house within the Genoese quarter of the city of Tyre.

Petro Erminio was the Genoese consul in Caffa on the Black Sea in the year 1212.

A wealthy Genoese merchant named Poli Erminio (Polidoro?) was a resident in the city of Constantinople in the year 1286.

The Genoese consul of Caffa in the year 1318 was Mondino Erminio.

From 1319 to 1323 Antonio Erminio was the Genoan consul to the court of Robert of Anjou [Reign: 5.5.1309 to 20.1.1343].

In 1346 Giacopo Erminio, also documented as Iacopo Ermirio, was sent as part of a Genoese delegation together with Arturo Pinelli to negotiate a treaty with the Emperor of Constantinople whereby the island of Chios was to be evacuated by Genoa within a period of ten years in exchange for two million scudi.

A document from the 22nd of February 1350 mentions a monk named Iohanes Erminius from the Dominican Order in Pera, Constantinople.

In the year 1351, a nobleman from Genoa named Raffo Erminio, was sent as part of a Genoese embassy together with Oberto Gattilusio, to the city of Ephesus and the Genoese colonies of Pera in Constantinople, Chios and Caffa on the Black Sea. He was sent as 'syndic' and representative of Giovanni de' Valenti, the Doge / Governor of Genoa. Raffo is documented as Raphus Ermirius on the 30th of March 1357.

A Genoese merchant named Sarchis Erminio, son of Costantino Erminio from Caffa on the Black Sea, was resident in Chilia on the Danube delta in the year 1361.

In the year 1363, the chief magistrate of the Genoese administration of Cyprus and later Bailo of the island was Guglielmo Erminio, also known as Guglielmo Ermirio and Guliermi Ermirii.

Chios (Genoese period 1304–1566)

On the Aegean island of Chios there are two unrelated families with the surname Armeni. The one is western (Genoese) and the other is from the east. The western branch was Genoese and was related to the celebrated house of Embriaco, Genoese adventurers who played an important part in the history of the Crusader States.

Text: . . . όθεν φαίνεται ότι δύο κλάδους είχεν ό όικος, δυτικός καί άνατολικός. A: Embriaco Armeni οίκον γενοατ. Embriaco καί 1768 Mich. Embriaco Armeni, τώ 1756 μόνον Μίχ. Άρμένης. Μολαταύτα δέν είνε βέβαιον, εάν ό οίκος αύτος ήτο βυζαντιακός ή άλλος άσημότερός τις μεσαιωνικός οίκος έπηλύδων έν Χίω.

English translation: . . . so it seems that this house had two branches, western and eastern. Embriaco Armeni from Genoa. Embriaco and 1768 Mich. Embriaco Armeni, in 1756 only Mich. Armeni. However, it is not certain if this house was Byzantine or a more celebrated house from medieval Chios.

Milan (Armeni)

The two main cities during the 12th century in Italy were Milan and Pavia. Milan sided with the Church and Pavia with the Emperor. Thus Milan was Guelf and Pavia was Ghibelline. Following the independence from Imperial and Papal authority (1137-1154), Italian cities were independent. Citizens no longer acknowledged the bishops, counts or marquises as Imperial vicars. Nor were the latter, without the support of Germany, able to sustain their authority. The cities had long ago elected their magistrates whom they called Consuls. The number of these officers differed in the various cities from 5 to 20. They administered justice and commanded the militia of the towns. They were chosen from the three orders, namely: the Capitani or high feudatories who sided with the citizens; the Valvassours or knights, and the burghers.

The Armeni, the Bernareggi, the Balbi, and the Castelli families made their first appearance in the memoires of Milan as Capitani. The Armeni family is found among the decorated families of 1388 with a Lanzarolo Armene living in the parish of S. Andrea alla Pusterla Nuova.

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Arma (di Milano): Di verde, al leone d'oro, coronato dello stesso.

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Kingdom of Sicily (Armenis -> Armeni -> Armeno)

The Armeni family is a noble house of the Kingdom of Sicily.

Joanna I of Naples [Reign: 20.1.1343 – 12.5.1382] sent Manuel Armenus as her interpreter to Joanne de Clavaxo, the Archbishop of Sitia on the island of Crete in the year 1372. He was appointed ambassador of Joanna I of Naples to the court of Queen Maria of Korikos in Cilicia and served as a special envoy of Queen Maria of Cilicia to the Vatican. Manuel was the son of Joannis, the son of Leone Armenis. His father, Joannis, was a Genoese knight from the city of Acireale (Jaci) and his grandfather, Leone Armenis, was the governor / proedros of the province of Catania after 1362. Manuel resided with his family in the Kingdom of Sicily.

In 1382 Lutio Armeni, a Capitano from the city of Piacenza in Lombardy, arrived in the Kingdom of Sicily in the service of Peter of Aragon, Duke of Athens and Neopatria [Reign: 24.1.1336 – 6.1.1387]. Mugnos states this to be a noble family originally from Piacenza, relocated to Sicily under the royals of Aragon, settling in the city of Lentini, where it occupied primary offices of significance.

In the 15th century, a distinguished man of science named Pietro Armeni from Cymbae located near Gela. He owned a shop of relics (magazeni relictae) and a warehouse (apotheca) with a sundial. He is described by Sabellico as patrono melitensis. The term melitensis refers to Malta and patrono refers to the ownership of a ship. He was the owner of a Maltese ship.

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Pietro Armeni occasionally served the King of the Two Sicilies, of which Malta then formed part. In 1468 he appears in the records of the town council of Malta as the captain of a vessel transporting wheat from Sicily to Malta. Later the same year Pietro sailed east on behalf of the Spanish king with two galiots, the one his own, the other belonging to Giovanni Rebesaltes, the Royal Curator of the Kingdom of Sicily.

In 1470 Pietro Armeni appears in the records of Rhodes as the captain of a Maltese galley belonging to a nobleman from Malta named Giovanni di Nava. It was at Rhodes where he was honoured by Grand Master Fr. Battista d'Ursino of the Order of St. John on 11 October, 1470.

Documents from Syracuse on Sicily in 1494 mention that Pietro Armeni was engaged in corsairing and trading with Cyrenaica on the Lybian coast. In the following year he is recorded as the owner of a 25% share in a caravel. A year later in 1496 he paid the ransom of a Maltese captive among the Moors. He then proceded to employ the services of a procurator to see to his interests as he could not visit Malta on business due to more urgent affairs pertaining to his work in the service of the King of Sicily. The island of Djerba rebelled against the Hafsid rulers of Tunis in the middle 1490s and the Viceroy of Sicily, Giovanni de la Nuca, declared on 20 March 1496 that Pietro Armeni had informed him by letter and by word of mouth that the Xech and inhabitants of Djerba had raised the flag of the Spanish King (who ruled also over Sicily) on the island of Djerba.

The keys of Djerba were handed over to the Viceroy of Sicily by Pietro Armeni himself. On returning to Malta Pietro persuaded five other ships to accompany him to Djerba to join the expedition at his own expense.

In 1498, after an agreement between Viceroy of Sicily and the rebels of Djerba had been reached, de la Nuca's correspondent in Malta, Pietro Armeni, already present at the sedition, arrived at the court of King Ferdinand to give a full report on the events.

In 1500 Pietro Armeni was noted as the patron and commander of a galliot in the Venetian armada. On 30 October, 1500 Pietro Armeni was mentioned by the historian Marco Sanudo as the owner of a galiot under the command of the Venetian armada off the island of Sapienza near the city of Modon on the Peloponnese.

An Act dated January 2, 1502 mentions that Pietro Armeni cittadino di Malta, presented to the Doge of Venice, a letter from the King of Spain. The letter mentioned that years ago Pietro Armeni sailed East on behalf of the said sovereigns with two galiots, one his own, the other belonging to Giovanni Rebesaltes, conservatoire of the Royal Heritage in Sicily, and commanded by captain Pietro de Arona (also de Arna). Three Venetian galleys seized the latter, then released on order from Antonio Grimani, admiral of the Venetian fleet; and how he then kept the two ships at the service of Venice, without payment; claim for compensation. Following the presentation of this letter it was agreed by the Venetian Doge that 250 gold ducats was to be paid to the claimant, Pietro Armeni, for the first ship's services to the Venetian armada; and 100 gold ducats to the second claimant, Giovanni Rebesaltes. Pietro Armeni signed receipt for payment and renounced any further claim in writing.

An Act from November 10, 1503 mentions the arrival of his ship at the port of Syracuse in Sicily. The Act states that he obtained payment from the Royal court for damages sustained to his ship as a result of fighting pirates off the coast of Sicily.

In 1508 Pietro Armeni was offered the post of keeper of the City by King Ferdinand for his merits and loyal service. He was also awarded the barony of Baccari. He was unfortunately killed in a naval battle with barbary pirates before his investiture. On the 14th of June, 1508 King Ferdinand recognized his merits and loyal service to the Kingdom of Sicily by conferring the said title and lands to Antonio, his eldest son.

Antonio had two sons, a Dominican priest named Fr. Leo and a son named Lucas.

In 1612 Giulio Armeni from Ragusa in Sicily purchased a ship able to accomodate 300 men, in partnership with Matteo Violla for 250 Spanish gold crowns from Yusuf Dey, the ruler of Tunis (Sept.1610 - Dec.1637).

Arma (di Lentini): D'oro, al leone di rosso unghiato d'azzurro.

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Before 1440 Giorgio Armeni, a family member of Martin of Aragon [Reign: 19.5.1396 – 31.5.1410], was a doctor of theology and had established himself in the Kingdom of Sicily in the city of Messina. He was charged by the King to visit all the churches and the poor, helping them in their time of need; for which the King had given him 200 ounces of gold a year. His wife was Evandra, daughter of Giuliano Alevandro, a nobleman from the same city. This household had three sons: Giuliano, Giovanni, and Nicolo.

In 1742 Placido Samperi wrote that the grandson of Giorgio, Joannem Mattheum, settled in Mdina, Malta circa 1514.

Arma (di Messina): D'oro, a due orsi controlevati di rosso.

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