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Auschwitz Concentration Camp - מחנה ההשמדה אושוויץ

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  • Marianne (Mary) Goldberg (1900 - 1944)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Marianne Last Name Goldberg Date of Birth 23.12.1900 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 1, Köllnerhofgasse 4 Date of deat...
  • Rosalie Wittgensteiner (1921 - 1944)
    Overledene: Rosalie Wittgensteiner Geslacht: Vrouw Geboorteplaats: Enschede Leeftijd: 23 Vader: Levie Aaron Wittgensteiner Moeder: Esther Aussen Gebeurtenis: Overlijden Datum: vrijdag 28 januari 1944 G...
  • Josef Aaron Cohen (1889 - 1942)
    Kind Jozef Aaron Cohen Geboortedatum 14-11-1889 Geslacht Man Vader Louis Cohen Beroep Koopman Leeftijd 37 Moeder Betje Wittgensteiner Beroep zonder Gebeurtenis Geboorte Datum 14-11-1889 Gebeurtenisplaa...
  • Estella Hompes (1865 - 1942)
    Bruidegom Levij Meiboom Beroep Koopman Geboorteplaats Coevorden Leeftijd 52 Bruid Estella Hompes Geboorteplaats Uelsen (Pruissen) Leeftijd 25 Vader van de bruidegom Micheel Meiboom Moeder van de bruide...
  • Micaela Neubeck, twin (1924 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Neubeck, Micaela geboren am 15. Juni 1924 in Düsseldorf / - / Rheinprovinz Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab Mechelen (Malines) 1942, Auschwitz, Verni...

Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II.

It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of-:

  • Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or base camp);
  • Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the Vernichtungslager or extermination camp);
  • Auschwitz III–Monowitz, also known as Buna–Monowitz (a labor camp); and
  • 45 satellite camps.
  • Auschwitz - The Blueprint of Genocide (Documentary)

Auschwitz had for a long time been a German name for Oświęcim, the town by and around which the camps were located; the name "Auschwitz" was made the official name again by the Germans after they invaded Poland in September 1939.

Birkenau, the German translation of Brzezinka (= "birch tree"), referred originally to a small Polish village that was destroyed by the Germans to make way for the camp.

Auschwitz II–Birkenau was designated by the Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, Germany's Minister of the Interior, as the place of the "final solution of the Jewish question in Europe". It was in this part of the huge camp different kinds of physical experiments was made by the staff (Source:Holocaust at Birkenau)

From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over Nazi-occupied Europe.

The camp's first commandant, Rudolf Höss, testified after the war at the Nuremberg Trials that up to three million people had died there (2.5 million gassed, and 500,000 from disease and starvation), a figure since revised to 1.3 million, around 90 percent of them Jews.

Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Roma and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, some 400 Jehovah's Witnesses and tens of thousands of people of diverse nationalities. Those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, infectious disease, individual executions, and medical experiments.

On January 27, 1945, Auschwitz was liberated by Soviet troops, a day commemorated around the world as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. In 1947, Poland founded a museum on the site of Auschwitz I and II, which by 2010 had seen 29 million visitors—1,300,000 annually—pass through the iron gates crowned with the infamous motto, Arbeit macht frei ("Work makes free").

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El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה