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Barbarian Kingdoms: Burgundians

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  • Burgundus (deceased)
    He was the legendary ancestor of the Burgundians.

The Burgundians (Latin: Burgundiōnes; Old Norse: Burgundar; Old English: Burgendas; Greek: Βούργουνδοι) were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from mainland Scandinavia to the Baltic island of Bornholm, and from there to the Vistula basin, in middle modern Poland. A part of the Burgundian tribes migrated further westward, where they may have participated in the 406 Crossing of the Rhine, after which they settled in the Rhine Valley and established the Kingdom of the Burgundians. Another part of Burgundians stayed in their previous homeland in Oder-Vistula basin and formed a contingent in Attila's Hunnic army by 451.

Their name survives in the regional appellation, Burgundy.

The Burgundian kings probably claimed descent from Burgundus, the legendary ancestor of the Burgundians. Burgundus was said to have been a son of Irmin. Jacob Grimm identified Irmin with Ve, the brother of Odin.