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  • William Spottiswoode (c.1452 - 1513)
    William Spottiswood, fell at Flodden, in September 1513 William Spottiswoode, of that ilk, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Hopepringle of Forsonee, by whom he had three sons and one daughter :...
  • Sir Thomas Gerard, I, Kt. (1488 - 1523)
    Thomas Gerard Baptised - Burial - 1510 Father - Peter Gerard Mother - Margaret Stanley Married - Margaret daughter of Sir Edmund Trafford Issue - Thomas II born 1512 1.1.1...
  • William Wallace, 11th of Craigie, 16th of Riccarton (1484 - 1513)
    WILLIAM WALLACE OF CRAIGIE William Wallace of Craigie here treated is not the same person as William Wallace of Elderslie Notes Declaration by Adam Wallace before the Sheriff Depute of Ayr that t...
  • Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie, Kt. (c.1471 - 1513)
    Sir William Douglas was born between 1470 and 1475. He was the son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus and Elizabeth Boyd. He married Elizabeth Auchinleck, daughter of James Auchinleck of Glenbervi...
  • James IV of Scotland (1473 - 1513)
    James IV Stewart, King of Scots was born on 17 March 1473 at Stirling Castle, Scotland and died on 9 September 1513 at The Battle of Flodden Field, Northumberland, England. His body was lost but his he...

Battle of Flodden

  • Date 9 Sept 1513
  • Location Near Branxton, Northumberland, England
  • Belligerents Kingdom of England (26,000 English) v Kingdom of Scotland (30-34,000 Scottish)
  • Causes This conflict began when James IV, King of Scots declared war on England to honour the Auld Alliance with France by diverting Henry VIII's English troops from their campaign against the French king Louis XII. Henry VIII had also opened old wounds by claiming to be the overlord of Scotland which angered the Scots and the King.
  • Result Decisive English victory

Commanders and leaders

Kingdom of England

Kingdom of Scotland

Casualties and losses

English - 1,500

Scottish - 5,000-17000

Notable men who died

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  • Ⓔ = English
  • Ⓢ = Scottish


  • Alexander Stewart, Archbishop of St. Andrews and Lord Chancellor of Scotland, natural son of James IV, King of Scots Ⓢ
  • John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, grandson of James I of Scotland
  • Sir William Seton, grandson of James I of Scotland and 3rd son of 2nd Earl of Huntly.
  • Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll Lieutenant General Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll.
  • William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose; led part of the Scottish vanguard; died with his brother George Graham of Calendar, and brother-in-law, Sir William Edmonstone.
  • George Hepburn, Bishop of the Isles and commendator of Arbroath and Iona
  • Bishop of Caithness
  • Laurence Oliphant, Abbot of Inchaffray, 2nd son of Lord Oliphant.
  • William Bunche, Abbot of Kilwinning
  • Earl of Argyle Clan Campbell Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll, with two sons.
  • Earl of Athole John Stewart, 2nd Earl Atholl. John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl.
  • Earl of Bothwell Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell Patrick or Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl
  • Earl of Caithness; Sir William Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Caithness, 12th Baron of Roslin Barony of Roslin., with 300 men who all perished
  • [ David Kennedy, 1st Earl Of Cassillis Earl of Cassilis, 3rd Lord Kennedy and 1st Earl David Kennedy, 1st Earl of Cassilis]
  • William, 4th Earl of Erroll - Earl of Crawford Earl of Erroll (William Hay 4th Earl of Erroll, Constable of Scotland ) (Arroll)
  • Earl of Glencairn (Possibly Wm Cunynghame of Craigends, son of Alexander Cunynghame, Earl of Glencairn who d.1488)
  • Earl of Lennox Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox
  • Earl of Montrose William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose
  • Earl of Morton John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton;
  • Earl of Rothes William Leslie, 3rd Earl of Rothes; Earl of Rothes with his bro-in-law, Sir Michael Balfour. George, 2nd Earl of Rothes & his brother, William,
  • Lord Avondale, Andrew Stewart, 1st Lord Avondale (second creation) Lord of the Bedchamber, son-i-law of 2nd Lord Kennedy.
  • Lord Bothwell, John Ramsay, 1st Lord Bothwell
  • Lord Borthwick William Borthwick, 3rd Lord Borthwick or Borthike
  • Lord Crichton (Sir Robert, 2nd Lord)
  • Lord Culwen
  • Lord Dawissie possibly SirAlexander Ramsay of Dalhousie Clan Ramsay
  • Lord Duffus (William Sutherland)
  • Lord Elphinstone (Elweston), Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone Alexander, 1st Lord Elphinstone.
 *[  '''   Sir Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine    '''            Lord Erskine. Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine / Lord Askill    ]
  • Lord Forbes
  • Lord Garlies (Alexander Stewart)
  • Lord John of Graunte (Grant ?)
  • Lord Hay of Yester
  • Lord Herries (possibly Andrew Herries, 2nd Lord of Terregles)
  • Lord Innermeath or Innermath (Thomas Stewart, 2nd Lord);
  • Lord Jederby (Jedburgh ?)
  • Lord Keith and his bro William, sons of the 3rd Earl Marshall.
  • Lord Knolis (Sir Wm Knolls, Lord of Saint Johns)
  • Lord Lorn
  • Lord Lovat
  • Lord Mackeyn
  • Lord MacCleen Hector Odhar Maclean, 9th Chief Clan Maclean, (Macklean of Dowart) killed with his son Lachlan Maclean.
  • Lord Maxwell John Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell & 4 brethren.
  • Lord Ross (Sir John Ross of Halkhead. 2nd Lord Ross) or Roos
  • Lord of Saint John, William Knolis, Lord High Treasurer of Scotland.
  • Lord Seton, George, 5th Lord.
  • [ Sir John Sempill, 1st Lord Sempill Lord Sempill. John, 1st Lord Sempill of Eliotstoun ].
  • Lord Sinclair or Sinclare.
  • James Abercromby of Ley or Birkenbog
  • William Adair of Kinhilt Stranraer Wigtownshire & Dunskey Castle with bros-in-law Alex Stewart of Garlies & John Dunbar Mochrum
  • David Allerdes of Scatoquhy
  • Andrew Anstruther Clan Anstruther,
  • Robert Arnot of Woodmill. Comptroller of Scotland.
  • Andrew Aytoun or Ayton of Dunmure, Captain of Stirling Castle
  • John Balfour of Denmill (Dene Myln), Fife.
  • John Balfour of Balgarvy, Cupar, Parish Abdie, co Fife
  • Sir Michael Balfour of Munquhanny, with bro-i-law of Earl of Rothes.
  • Alexander Bannachtyne of Lowpas, Bute, (Letaliter vulneratus et inde obiit: fatally wounded and died from it)
  • Robert Blackader. Robert Blackadder of Blackadder Blackadder House Clan Blackadder
  • [ Sir Alexander Boswell, Baron Sir Alexander Boswell of Balmuto. Clan Boswell; died in battle ]
  • Thomas Boswell of Auchinleck Thomas Boswell of Auchinleck House.
  • Mathew Brisbane of Bishopton.
  • William Bunche, Abbot of Kilwinning
  • Buntyne, of Ardoch, Dumbarton, (Qui obiit in campo in Anglia.)
  • Donald Campbell of Duntroon. Duntrune Castle ; said to have died in battle
  • Sir Duncan Campbell, 2nd of Glenorchy, son of Sir Colin Campbell of Kilchurn Castle. eld.son of Earl of Argyll.
  • [ George Campbell of Cessnock George Campbell of Cessnock; died in battle. married Janet Montgomerie Earl of Eglinton ]
  • George Campbell gardener at Stirling,
  • John Campbell of Lawers, died with bro Sir Dundan & father, Earl of Argyll. John Campbell of Auchreoch
  • Niall Campbell of Melfort; died in battle
  • John Carnegie, 4th or 5th of Kinnaird, Clan Carnegie
  • William Carr or Kerr
  • Alan or Adam Cathcart, Master of Cathcart, eld. son of 2nd Lord Cathcart, died with bros John & Robert.
  • John Cathcart of Cathcart & Glendowis,son of 2nd Lord Cathcart. died with bros of Alan and Robert.
  • Robert Cathcart of Cathcart, with bros Alan and John
  • Caulfield or Caulfelde
  • Sir William Cockburn, Baron of Langtoun & his eldest son, Alex. Sir William Cockburn Sir Wm was son-i-law of Earl of Home.
  • Alexander Cockburn, son of Sir William Cockburn.
  • Master Cawell (Colville or Caldwell), clerk of the Chancery
  • Robert Colville of Hiltoun & Tillicultrie.
  • Sir Robert Colville of Ochiltree
  • Sir William Colville of Ochiltree.
  • John Cornwall of Bonhard; later Scottish legends claimed his body was mistaken for that of James IV.
  • William Craig of Craigfintry; died in battle
  • James Crammond of (Crammond Regis ?) and Fullerton, Forfarshire,
  • John Craufurd of Craufurdland.
  • John Crawford of Ardagh
  • Robert Crawford of Achnames
  • James Crichton of Rothven,
  • William Dempster of Carastoun, Forfarshire,
  • Master Thomas Dikson, Dene of Restalrig
  • Archibald Douglas of Craigmoy, Galloway,
  • George Douglas, Master of Angus father of 6th Earl & son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus with his bro.
  • Master of Angwis or Angus George Douglas, Master of Angus father of 6th Earl & son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus with his bro.
  • Sir John Douglas John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton; died in battle. grandson of James I of Scotland
  • Robert Douglas of Almornes, Galloway
  • Robert Douglas, familiar servant to James IV, killed sub vexillo.
  • [ Sir William Douglas, 6th Baron of Drumlanrig Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig Drumlanrig ] with bros-in-law, Sir Alexander Gordon of Lochinvar and Kenmure, & Lord Alexander Stewart of Garlies.
  • Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie; died in battle with his bro, George Douglas, sons of earl of Angus.
  • Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie, 2nd son of Earl of Angus with his bro. George.
  • Sir James Dunbar of Dumboy, Galloway,
  • Sir John Dunbar, Mochrum, Wigtownshire with bro-in-law William Maclellan.
  • Patrick Dunbar, Mochrum, bro-in-law of Uchtred MacDowall of Garthland
  • Alexander Dundas of Fingask with four sons.
  • William Edmonstoun of Redinach, Monteith,probably same person as below,
  • Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath, Dumbarton with his bro-in-law, William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose his brother George Graham of Caldendar, another bro-in-law Lord Ross;
  • Robert Elliott, chief of the Elliotts; died in battle
  • Master Ellot
  • Baron Sir Alexander Elphinstone Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone.
  • Sir John Erskine, younger, of Dun.
  •'' Robert Erskine, 4th Lord Erskine
  • Gilbert Ferguson
  • William Fleming of Barochen
  • David Forsyth of Cadintoun, Aberdeen,
  • Thomas Fraser, master of Lovat. Lord Lovat
  • William Frazer, 6th of Philorth (possibly)
  • Sir Alexander (Alexandri) Gordon (Gordoune), (militis) of Knockenshene and Barskeauch, Galloway,
  • Sir Alexander Gordon, younger, of Lochinvar and Kenmure.
  • George Gordon, Schevis, Aberdeenshire,
  • John Gordon of Auchlenchries.
  • Robert Gordon, Ardes Uvir, Nethir and Myddill, Galloway,
  • William Gordon, Laird of Gight and Master of Inverlochy Castle; died in battle commanding the Clan Cameron.
  • Archibald Graham, 3rd of Garvock.
  • George Graham of Calendar, bro. of William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose.
  • George Graham, of Kinkellis, Strathearn,
  • Master John Grant
  • Robert Gray of Leitfie, son of 2nd Lord Gray.
  • Sir Alexander Guthrie with three bros-in-law. David Guthrie (Lord Treasurer)
  • James Haig of Bermeside
  • William Haig of Bemersyde
  • Sir John Haldane of Gleneagles Clan Haldane
  • George Halkerstoun, burgess of Edinburgh.
  • Adam Hall, ancestor to the laird of Fulbar Clan Hall
  • Thomas Hamilton, Prestonfield House
  • ...... Hare, of Bold, Peebles,
  • John Hay, 2nd Lord Hay of Yester. son of John Hay, 1st Lord Hay of Yester,
  • Thomas Hay of Logie with his brothers.
  • William Hay, 4th Earl of Erroll, Constable of Scotland
  • James Henderson of Fordell, Fife; Lord Justice Clerk; died in battle.
  • Robert Henderson, younger of Fordell; killed with his father.
  • Adam Hepburn of Craggis
  • Sir Adam Hepburn
  • George Hepburn, Bishop of the Isles and commendator of Arbroath and Iona.
  • Patrick Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • { "'Sir John Montgomery of Hessilhead"' Sir John Montgomerie of Hessilhead and Corsecraigs ]
  • "' Sir John Wallace, 8th of Craigie, 13th of Riccarton "' Sir John Wallace 8th of Craigie / 13th of Riccarton.
* [ William Wallace, 11th of Craigie, 16th of Riccarton   "'  William-Wallace-11th-of-Craigie-16th-of-Riccarton ]

Notable connections


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References, Sources and Further Reading

  • Scotland - The History of a Nation by Magnus Magnusson

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