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Bruce in the Charters of Clackmannan

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  • James III, King of Scots (1451 - 1488)
    "James III (10 July 1451 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing...
  • Sir David Bruce, Baron of Clackmannan & Rate (c.1445 - aft.1497)
    David Bruce, 6th of Clackmannan was the son of John Bruce, 5th of Clackmannan and Elizabeth Stewart.1 He was appointed Knight by King James IV.1 He died circa 1500.2 Family He married, firstly, J...
  • Robert Bruce, Baron Clackmannan & Rate; proprietor of lands of Kennet (bef.1359 - aft.1393)
    From the Charters of Clackmannen See Discussion. On Geni these are two Roberts. 9th December, 1359 is the first charter yet known containing any grant of the Castle and Barony of Clackmannan. It was ...
  • David II, king of Scots (1324 - 1371)
    Early Life David II was the elder and only surviving son of Robert I of Scotland and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. He was born on 5 March 1324 at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. His mother died ...
  • James IV of Scotland (1473 - 1513)
    James IV Stewart, King of Scots was born on 17 March 1473 at Stirling Castle, Scotland and died on 9 September 1513 at The Battle of Flodden Field, Northumberland, England. His body was lost but his he...

From the Charters of Clackmannan

https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/9494/94948513.23.pdf

In 1326, Sir Robert de Bruce, probably the Sir Robert above[below] mentioned, was a witness to a charter of King Robert the Bruce of lands in Nith to the Abbey of Melrose,

No. 1. 20th June, 1330 Roberto de Bruys pays in old Public accounts of the kingdom

No. 2 25th June 1330 is a further extract from the Public accounts " Compotum Reginaldi More reddit. apud Clackmannan 25th die Junii anno Gratia} 1330 des quarundam terraram infra Vice, de Strivelynde firmis quarundam terraram infra Vice, de Strivelyn.This account only relates to some feu duties payable from lands in Stirlingshire, but its being rendered "at Clackmannan" indicates that the King still occupied the Castle as a Royal residence.

No. 4 9th December, 1359, is the first charter yet known containing any grant of the Castle and Barony of Clackmannan. It was made by King David Bruce to and in favour of his beloved and faithful cousin, ("dilecto et fedeli consanguineo nostro,") Robert de Bruys of the Castle and Barony of Clackmannan, the lands of Grasmenston, Gartlove, Wester Kennet, Hillend, Carsehill, Greys, Park Meadow, Dry- field, Tullygarth, Pitfoulden, and others, within the Sheriffdom of Clackmannan (.It Is probable that he may have been the son of Sir Robert de Bruce mentioned in Nos. 1.[above] and 2,who was living between 1326 and 1330. Robert de Bruce, it will be observed, who obtains the lands of Clackmannan, is not called "Dominus," or Sir, in the first charter ; he therefore was probably very young at the time of his father's death, (which Chalmers, in his MS. notes to Douglas' Peerage of Scotland, fixes in 1332), and this may account for a period of 27 years before we again find among the present existing charters any notice of Clackmannan or the Bruces. On the authority of Johnston's MS., before quoted, this second Robert is stated to have married Isabel, daughter of Sir Robert Stewart of Rosyth Castle, a second cousin of King Robert II.

Edward de Brace, a son of this Robert of Clackmannan, is said to have married, about Jul /4/7/1440> the heiress of Sir William de Airth & acquired that estate.

No. 5 1363— From the Acts of Parliament of this date, vol. 1, p. 168, " Robert de Bruce "is then stated to be proprietor of the lands of Kennet.

No. 6 20 Oct. 1364.— A Crown Charter by King David Bruce to and in favour of " Robert de Brays," who is again styled " consanguineo nostri" of the lands of Grassmynston, Gartlove Carse, "La Park meadow," Crage Roy,Dryfield,and others, with the pertinents all lying within the Sheriffdom of Clackmannan.

No. 7 17th Jan. 1367.— A Crown Charter by Sing David II. to and in favour of Robert de Bruys who is again designed " consanguineo nostro," granting the lands and barony of Rate in the county of Perth to be holden of the King and his successors in fee and heritage, and in free barony for service of 3 suits at the King's Courts at Perth — granted at Restenneth on the above date.

No. 8,— 26 June 1376.— Is a Charter by the King to Sir Hugh de Eglinton Knt : of 40s annually, which it is stated "Robert de Bruce consanguineo nostri" had formerly resigned into the hands of the King. (Eglinton Charters, Vol. II, p. 16.)

No. 9 2 May 1389 Thomas obtains Kennet from his father, 2 May 1389.— Charter of Robert de Bruys of Clackmannan and Rate to and in favour of Thomas de Bruys, his son, where- by " for good services" he grants the said Thomas the lands of Wester Kennet and others for payment to his said father of a silver penny yearly. In the history of Noble British Families, part 3, p. 15, it is stated that Robert de Bruce died about this period, and the next Charters of resignation were probably made by the possessor of the estate on succeeding thereto. [WHY, THO?]

No. 10 4th Oct., 1393— Crown Charter of Resignation by King Robert III., proceeding on the Rocuratory of Resignation of Robert de Bruys, whereby the King new grants the lands and Barony of Clackmannan, and all the pertinents, to Robert de Bruys, whom failing, to David Bruys, his eldest son, and the heirs male, procreated or to be procreated, of his body, whom failing, to Thomas Bruys, also his son, and the heirs male of his body, to be held of the King and his successors in fee and heritage.

By this Charter, Robert deBruys had gone through the ceremony of resigning or giving them back to the King during his life, and the King then made a new grant of them to him, and his two sons, and their heirs male.

No. 11 10th June, 1393— Charter by Robert de Bruys, Lord of Rate and Clackmannan, to his " beloved son, Thomas de Bruys," and his heirs, and assigns of an annualent of ten merks, payable furth off his lands of Tullygarth, lying in the county of Clackmannan, and that in con- sideration of a certain sum of money paid to him, the said Robert de Bruys, in his urgent necessity. To be holden of the said Robert de Bruys and his heirs redeemable on payment of the sum of 25 merks.

No. 12 18th February, 1399— Crown Char- ter of Resignation and Confirmation by King Robert III., ratifying and confirming the Char- ter No. 9, granted by Robert de Bruys to his son, Thomas, of the lands of Wester Kennet, Pitfoulden, and the Cruikitland, all lying in the county of Clackmannan. From this time the estate of Kennet con- tinued separate from that of Clackmannan, and although the families continued on the most intimate terms, and the heiress of Kennet, in 1568, married one of the cadets of Clackmannan, the estates have never been united.

No. 14 24th Sept 1423 Instrument of Sasine in favour of Peter or Patrick de Bruys, in the lands of Wester Kennet, in the Barony of Graysmenstone and county of Clackmannan, proceeding on the precept contained in No. 13, to which Peter Bruys had acquired right as heir to his father, sasine given by John de Bruce, Lord of Clackmannan, in presence of Sir David Stuart of Durrisdeer, knight, Robert Merce.. Etc The Sir David Stewart of Durrisdeer,who appears as a witness, appears to have been of the Rossyth family, and was closely related to the Bruces.

No. 13 28th March, 1428— Charter of Confirmation of John Bruce of Rate and Clackmannan, ratifying and confirming the Charter No. 9, granted by his grandfather, Robert de Bruys, to his son Thomas de Bruys, of the lands of Wester Kennet, &c.

4 Jul 1440 Edward de Brace, a son of this Robert of Clackmannan, is said to have married, about /4/7/1440 the heiress of Sir William de Airth & acquired that estate.

No. 15 1442— Precept by Archibald, Earl of Douglas, directed to John Bruce of Clackmannan, Robert Mercer, and William Wallwood, to give sasine to David Stewart of Durrisdeer,knight, in the Barony of Shanbody lying in the county of Clackmannan.

The date is obliterated, but it appears from other documents to have been prior to 1442.The Barony of Shanbody now forming part of the estate of Kennet, as will be afterwards seen, came to the Bruces by purchase.

1447 — At this date James Bruce, son of Sir Bobert Bruce of Clackmannan, was elected Bishop of Glasgow. Prior to that date, King James, in a Royal Charter (1444), calls him " consanguineo ;" he was first Rector of Kilmeine, in Fife, and died Lord High Chancellorof Scotland. (See Keith's Scottish Bishops.)

No 16 22d Dec, 1447 — Discharged by John de Bruce of Clackmannan to his eldest cousin, David, the Bruce of the Kennet, of the sum of 50 merks money of Scotland, addebted to the said John the Bruce, by Peter the Bruce, grandfather of the above-mentioned David.

From Nos. 6 to 16, the history of the two families at Clackmannan and Kennet may be easily seen. In 1359, Robert Bruce, a cousin of King David II., obtains a gift of the castle and Barony of Clackmannan. In 1389, he gives Kennet, which is a part of that barony, to his son, Thomas; and, in 1393, King Robert III. confirms this gift, and with the consent of Robert Bruce, the father, settles Clackmannan on David Bruce, the eldest son and Kennet on Thomas Bruce, the second son David is succeeded by his son, John, sometime before 1423, while Thomas of Kennet is succeeded by his son, Peter, in or before 1423, and he again is succeeded by his grandson, David Bruce, in or before 1447.

No. 17.— 8th July, 1449— Charter by Allan de Kinnaird of that Ilk to Patrick Bruce, son of the deceased David Bruce of Clackmannan, knight, of the lands of Hayle, in the Barony of Kinnaird and county of Perth, and that in consideration of a certain sum of money paid to him by the said Patrick Bruce. To be holden of the said Allan de Kinnaird in fee and heritage for payment of a silver penny at the feast of Pentecost, yearly, in name of Blench form, if asked only.

No. 18.— 16th May, 1450— Crown Charter of Resignation and Confirmation by King James II., verbatim, ratifying and confirming the foregoing Charter, No. 17. This Patrick Bruce was probably a younger son of David Bruce of Clackmannan, and therefore a younger brother of John Bruce, who, as above mentioned, succeeded his father David in or before 1426, and who appears from the next writ (No. 19) to have been still living.

No. 21 23d July, 1460— Instrument bearing that David Bruce of Kennet, at the desire of David Bruce of Clackmannan, and James Schaw of Sauchie, cautioners for the said David Bruce of Kennet, to a discreet woman, Agnes Bonar, for the sum of 100 nierko, money of Scotland, given and delivered to the said Agnes by Arthur Cramond, her attorney and procurator, the sum of 4 merks,upon part payment of said sum, where- upon the said Arthur answered that if so it was that the said David Bruce at the day and place agreed upon between them was willing to deliver to him a further sum of 44 merks, and find security for the balance between and the feast of St Michel, the archangel, then next he should be fully satisfied thereof.

This David Bruce of Kennet is probably the one mentioned in No. 16.

No. 19.— 26th March 1473— Crown Charter of Resignation and Confirmation by King James III., to David Bruce, son, and apparent heir to John Bruce of Clackmannan, of the lands and Barony of Clackmannan and pertinents thereof, lying in the county of Clackmannan, and the lands and Barony of Rait lying in the county of Perth, proceeding on the Procuratory of Resig- nation, granted by the said John Bruce. To be holden by the above mentioned David Bruce, his heirs of the King, and his successors in fee and heritage for payment, and performance of services used and wont ; but reserving to the said John Bruce his liferent of the said Baronies, aud the third thereof to Elizabeth Stewart, his wife.

No. 20.— 20th March 1478— Charter by David Bruce of Clackmannan to Andrew Meffane and Margaret his spouse, of a tenement Yard and Croft with pasturage of a cow.

Nos. 19 and 20— bring down the history of the Clackmannan family another generation. By No. 19, John Bruce of Clackmannan, for the purpose of insuring the recognition of his son David as the next proprietor, resigns his right to the King, who bestows it on David under reservation of John Bruce's liferent. No. 20 shews that John Bruce died between 1473 and 1478, for David now exercises the full rights of a proprietor.

No. 22 28th August, 1485— Charter by David Bruce of Clackmannan to Robert Bruce, his son and apparent heir, and Elizabeth Lindsay, his wife, in liferent, and the heirs male, to be procreated between them, in fee of the six oxgates of land pertaining to the said David Bruce of his lands of Rate, on the east side of the burn, and lying in the Barony of Rate and county of Perth. To be holden by the said Robert Bruce and his heirs aforesaid, whom failing his heirs, whatsoever of the King and his successors, for payment of a penny on the ground of the said lands, in manner of blench, if asked. Witnesses : Robert Bruce of Culmaluindie and Thomas Bruce, and others.

No. 23 15th December, 1486— Charter by King James IV., verbatim, ratifying and confirming this Charter (No. 22).

No. 24 — 1490 — Instrument of Sasine in favour of David Bruce, as heir to David Bruce of Wester Kennet, his father, in the lands of Wester Kennet, lying in the county of Clackmannan,Ur given propriis manibis by David Bruce of Clackmannan, superior of said lands, the symbol of infeftment being a black ox.

This document is mutilated so as in many places to be illegible, but enough remains to show that the David Bruce of Kennet mentioned in Nos. 16 and 21 died somewhere between 1480 and 1490, and was succeeded by his son David. A David Bruce of Kennet is mentioned in a Retoun_of William Stirling of Cadder, in 1481,— see also No. 25.

No. 25 — 17th May, 1495 Inquest in virtue of precept from King James IV., holden at Kennet by Sir William Monteith, Sheriff of Clackmannan, at the complaint of Agnes Redheugh, spouse of the deceased David Bruce of Kennet, against Gilbert Brady, for troubling her in the peaceable possession of a head-rig of land, the grass of a ward, the grass of a forebank at the Cruiketland, and others. Whereupon the said Inquest found her entitled to possess the same, as she and her said deceased husband had done for fifty years past.

No. 26 — 14rh Septr., 1497— Crown Charter of Resignation by King James IV., to David Bruce, son of David Bruce of Clackmannan* of the lands and Barony of Clackmannan, lying in the County thereof, and lands of Rate, lying in the county of Perth, proceeding on the resignation of the said David Bruce, elder. To be holden by the King and his successors, under the burden of the liferent of the said David Bruce, elder, and Margeret Harries, his wife.

By Nos. 22 and 23, it appears that the eldest son of David of Clackmannan was, in 1485, " Robert Bruce," to whom apparently, on his marriage, old David Bruce granted part of the Barony of Rate ; but the proper explanation of this may be that given in " Douglas's History," which is referred to in the next Nos. (27 and 28).

No. 27.— 3d February, 1506— Crown Charter by King James IV., to David Bruce, grandson and heir of the said deceased David Bruce of Clackmannan, to be holden by the said David Bruce, younger, of the King and his successors, in fee and heritage, for rendering of services used and wont.

From this description it rather appears that Robert Bruce, the eldest son of old David Bruce of Clackmannan (see No. 22), had died before his father, leaving this son David, who must have been at this time very young, and who, in 1506, was probably about twenty-one years of age. In 1497 (see No. 26), this child's uncle, with the consent securingly of the child's grandfather, who was then in possession, got a Charter from King James IV., which was ratified in 1506. (See No. 28.)

No. 28 5th February, 1506— Crown Charter by King James IV. to David Bruce, knight, son of the deceased David Bruce of Clackmannan, of the lands of Ilallhill over and nether and Barony of Clackmannan, and others, now erected into a Barony, to be called in all time coming the Barony of Clackmannan. To be holden by the said David Bruce and the heirs male, procreated between him and Janet Blackadder, his wife, whom failing, his nearest and lawful heirs whatsoever, bearing the name and arms of Bruce, whom all failing, to revert to the King and his successors, according to the ancient Charters of Taillie of the said Barony in favour of the said ancestors of the said David Bruce for services used and wont.

No. 29 3d February, 1506— Charter under the Great Seal, to David Bruce, nepoti, and heir of David Bruce of Clackmannan, of the lands of Rate, &c. (Reg. of Great Seal) Douglas, in his history of the Bruces, says that David Bruce, son of Robert, mentioned in Nos. 22 and 23, and grandson and heir-male of old David Bruce of Clackmannan, who was alive in 1497, resigned all his right to Clackmannan in favour of his uncle David, brother of Robert Bruce, and younger son of old David Bruce. This statement is quite consistent with the Charters Nos. 26, 27, and 28, because David Bruce, the uncle, would not have any right to the estate as heir, so long as male-heirs of Robert existed, and the fact that the Charter No. 27 was granted to Robert's son David, as heir to his grandfather, on 3d February, 1506, shows that he was living when the King consented to grant this Charter, No. 28, to his uncle, and that he must have acquiesced in his uncle's obtaining the grant. Douglas adds, that the male line is extinct, but he gives no authority for this, and it is clear that if any descendants of David Bruce, the son of Robert, exist (probably in Perthshire), as suggested in the " History of the Bruces," (" History of Noble British Families, Part III.,") they are the representatives of the original Bruces of Clackmannan. The Barony of Rate, in Perthshire, does not appear to have been conveyed along with the Barony of Clackmannan, and David, the younger, may have settled there. (See No. 52.) But Rate soon afterwards was possessed by the Bruces of Clackmannan. (See No. 48.) In No. 48, this Barony is spoken of "as formerly united" to Clackmannan.

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