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Buchenwald Concentration Camp ---- מחנה הריכוז בוכנוולד

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    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Libowski, Max geboren am 11. März 1906 in Stallupönen (Ebenrode) / - / Ostpreußen wohnhaft in Berlin (Mitte) Inhaftierung: bis August 1944, Stutthof, Konz...
  • Alfred Grünebaum (1899 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Grünebaum, Alfred geboren am 30. November 1899 in Frankfurt a. Main / - / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Deportation: ab Frankfurt a. Main 22...
  • Albert Rose (1885 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Rose, Albert geboren am 13. Dezember 1885 in Brakel / Höxter / Westfalen wohnhaft in Brakel und Paderborn Inhaftierung: 12. November 1938 - 29. November 1...
  • Karl Heimbach (1910 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Heimbach, Karl geboren am 11. April 1910 in Laer / Steinfurt / Westfalen wohnhaft in Nieheim und Bremen Inhaftierung: 12. November 1938 - 23. Dezember 1...
  • Julius Wertheim (1888 - 1938)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Wertheim, Julius geboren am 06. Juni 1888 in Helmarshausen / Hofgeismar / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Mannheim, Dortmund und Volkmarsen Inhaftierung: bis 19...

Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil.

Camp prisoners from all over Europe and Russia—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war— worked primarily as forced labor in local armament factories. From 1945 to 1950, the camp was used by the Soviet occupation authorities as an internment camp, known as NKVD special camp number 2.

In the camp health staff, medical doctors and nurses, made experiments wtih the prisoners as studied obejcts. E. g. During year 1941 Aribert Heim (born 1914 declared dead 1992 by german court 2012) worked as camp doctor at Buchenwald KZ. He had before that been at Sachenhausen KZ and in october 1941 he began work at Mathausen KZ. Another example is the brigadier general of the Luftwaffe Gerhard Rose (1896-declared dead 1992), who in Dachau and Buchenwald made series of deathly "experiments" about typhus and malaria on the jewish prisoners. One of Rose's colleagues was Waldemar Hoven (1903-1948), who had a lower rank but was a SS-doctor with the same interest of 'treating' the prisoners with phenol injections.

Among all the adult prisoners the nazis also kept lots of so called orphan boys, whose parents and siblings had been killed in other KZ-camps. A documentary film is made about all these hundreds of children The Boys of Buchenwald.

Two of the adult prisoners, Fritz Löhner-Beda and Herman Leopoldi, composed a song to Buchenwald KZ at the end of 1938:

Das Buchenwaldlied ("The Buchenwald Song"):

O Buchenwald, ich kann dich nicht vergessen, weil du mein Schicksal bist. Wer dich verließ, der kann es erst ermessen, wie wundervoll die Freiheit ist! O Buchenwald, wir jammern nicht und klagen, und was auch unser Schicksal sei, wir wollen trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen, denn einmal kommt der Tag, dann sind wir frei!

O Buchenwald, I can’t forget about you, because you are my fate. Who leaves you, only he can appreciate how wonderful freedom is! O Buchenwald, we don’t cry and complain and whatever may be our destiny, even so we shall say "yes" to life for once the day shall come when we shall be free!

The Buchenwald Camp i nominated to United Nations World Cultural Heritage.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה

References

The Holocaust - the Jewish Tragedy by Martin Gilbert [1]

Wikipedia

Levande historia information på svenska om Buchenwald KZ (information in swedish about Buchenwald KZ)

A short list of the Buchenwald staff on english Wikipedia and 25 personal photos of them at Wikimedia.

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Expressen Buchenwald 26 april 1945, av Britta Håkansson.

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בוכנוואלד היה מחנה ריכוז בגרמניה הנאצית, מהגדולים בגרמניה, אליו היו מסונפים כ־138 מחנות משנה. מחנה בוכנוואלד פעל מהקמתו ביולי 1937, ועד לשחרורו בידי צבא ארצות הברית ב-11 באפריל 1945. בתקופה זו עברו בו כ-250,000 בני אדם. ההערכה היא כי בבוכנוואלד נרצחו כ-65,000 בני אדם, כולל האסירים שנרצחו בצעדות מוות עם ההודעה על התקרבות כוחות בעלות הברית, מעט לפני שחרור המחנה, ומבלי למנות את האסירים שנשלחו מבוכנוואלד למחנות ההשמדה ולמתקני תוכנית "T4" (מבצע אותנסיה), בטירת זוננשטיין ובאתרים אחרים