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  • Fritz Cahn (1908 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Cahn, Fritz geboren am 23. April 1908 in Bochum/Westfalen wohnhaft in Bochum INTERNIERUNG/INHAFTIERUNG bis 03. August 1942, Buchenwald, Konzentr...
  • Karl Blumenthal (1905 - 1974)
    Karl Carl BLUMENTHAL: b. . 17 March 1903, Selters - d. 25 Jan 1974, Cook, Ill Initial information - plus some documents - kindly provided directly by Barbara BECKER, a descendant of this family. It a...
  • Erwin Liffmann (1914 - 2010)
    seit Anfang 1939 Zwangsarbeiter; am 27. Oktober 1941 Deportation nach dem Ghetto Lodz; Ende 1944/anfang 1945 im KZ Buchenwald; seit dem 4.4.1945 auf dem Todesmarsch; wenig später von amerikanischen Tru...
  • Wilhelm Liffmann (1912 - aft.1945)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Liffmann, Wilhelm Willi Willy geboren am 10. September 1912 in München-Gladbach/Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Spreenhagen (Gut Winkel) und in Bielefeld...
  • Max Kirchheimer (1878 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Kirchheimer, Max geboren am 19. April 1878 in Nieheim/Höxter/Westfalen wohnhaft in Steinheim / Höxter und in München Gladbach INTERNIERUNG/INHAF...

Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil.

Camp prisoners from all over Europe and Russia—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war— worked primarily as forced labor in local armament factories. From 1945 to 1950, the camp was used by the Soviet occupation authorities as an internment camp, known as NKVD special camp number 2.

In the camp health staff, medical doctors and nurses, made experiments wtih the prisoners as studied obejcts. E. g. During year 1941 Aribert Heim (born 1914 declared dead 1992 by german court 2012) worked as camp doctor at Buchenwald KZ. He had before that been at Sachenhausen KZ and in october 1941 he began work at Mathausen KZ. Another example is the brigadier general of the Luftwaffe Gerhard Rose (1896-declared dead 1992), who in Dachau and Buchenwald made series of deathly "experiments" about typhus and malaria on the jewish prisoners. One of Rose's colleagues was Waldemar Hoven (1903-1948), who had a lower rank but was a SS-doctor with the same interest of 'treating' the prisoners with phenol injections.

Among all the adult prisoners the nazis also kept lots of so called orphan boys, whose parents and siblings had been killed in other KZ-camps. A documentary film is made about all these hundreds of children The Boys of Buchenwald.

Two of the adult prisoners, Fritz Löhner-Beda and Herman Leopoldi, composed a song to Buchenwald KZ at the end of 1938:

Das Buchenwaldlied ("The Buchenwald Song"):
O Buchenwald, ich kann dich nicht vergessen,
weil du mein Schicksal bist.
Wer dich verließ, der kann es erst ermessen,
wie wundervoll die Freiheit ist!
O Buchenwald, wir jammern nicht und klagen,
und was auch unser Schicksal sei,
wir wollen trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen,
denn einmal kommt der Tag, dann sind wir frei!
O Buchenwald, I can’t forget about you,
because you are my fate.
Who leaves you, only he can appreciate
how wonderful freedom is!
O Buchenwald, we don’t cry and complain
and whatever may be our destiny,
even so we shall say "yes" to life
for once the day shall come when we shall be free!

The Buchenwald Camp i nominated to United Nations World Cultural Heritage.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה

References

The Holocaust - the Jewish Tragedy by Martin Gilbert [1]

Wikipedia
Levande historia information på svenska om Buchenwald KZ (information in swedish about Buchenwald KZ)
A short list of the Buchenwald staff on english Wikipedia and 25 personal photos of them at Wikimedia.
. Expressen Buchenwald 26 april 1945, av Britta Håkansson.

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בוכנוואלד היה מחנה ריכוז בגרמניה הנאצית, מהגדולים בגרמניה, אליו היו מסונפים כ־138 מחנות משנה. מחנה בוכנוואלד פעל מהקמתו ביולי 1937, ועד לשחרורו בידי צבא ארצות הברית ב-11 באפריל 1945. בתקופה זו עברו בו כ-250,000 בני אדם. ההערכה היא כי בבוכנוואלד נרצחו כ-65,000 בני אדם, כולל האסירים שנרצחו בצעדות מוות עם ההודעה על התקרבות כוחות בעלות הברית, מעט לפני שחרור המחנה, ומבלי למנות את האסירים שנשלחו מבוכנוואלד למחנות ההשמדה ולמתקני תוכנית "T4" (מבצע אותנסיה), בטירת זוננשטיין ובאתרים אחרים