Buckinghamshire - Main Page
English Historic County
This is the Umbrella Project Page for Buckinghamshire England.
Related Buckinghamshire Projects
Go to People Connected to Buckinghamshire
- Administrative centre Milton Keynes
- County Flower - Chiltern Gentian
- People from Buckinghamshire are called - ?
- The motto of the shield is "Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum" meaning 'no stepping back'.
- Famous for
- Home to the world famous Pinewood Studios
- Chiltern Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
- Bletchley Park, the site of World War II British codebreaking and Colossus, the world's first programmable electronic digital computer.
- William the Conquerer took possession of many ancient hunts (worthy of note are Bernwood Forest, Whaddon Chase and Princes Risborough) as did all the wild swans of England. The ancient tradition of breeding swans in Buckinghamshire for the king's pleasure much later provided the inspiration for the heraldic supporter for Buckinghamshire County Council's coat of arms. The Plantagenets continued to take advantage of the wealth of the county.
Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks.) is a ceremonial county in south east England. The area, including Milton Keynes borough, borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means the district (scire) of Bucca's home, or the farm of Bucca's people. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. This name has been used since about the 12th century; however, the county itself has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia (585–919).
The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with John Hampden in mid-Bucks.
The county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse.
The southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods (a stone marks its summit) at 267 metres (876 ft) above sea level, and Coombe Hill near Wendover at 260 metres (850 ft).
The Districts of Buckinghamshire
- South Bucks
- Aylesbury Vale
- Borough of Milton Keynes (Unitary)
Largest Towns with 2001 population figures
- Milton Keynes 184,506
- High Wycombe 92,300
- Aylesbury 56,392
- Amersham 21,470
- Chesham 20,357
- Marlow 17,522
- Wendover 7,385
- Olney 6,032
- Winslow 4519
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from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers 1984.
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