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California Spanish Missions

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  • José Antonio Yorba, I (1743 - 1825)
    José Antonio Yorba (July 20, 1743 – January 16, 1825), also known as Don José Antonio Yorba I, was a Spanish soldier and early settler of Spanish California.=Spanish Soldier=Born in Sant Sadurní d'Anoi...
  • Don Juan Pablo Grijalva (1744 - 1806)
    Juan Pablo Grijalva, a Spanish soldier who traveled to Alta California with the De Anza expedition, was the original petitioner for the lands that became known as the "Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana".[5]...
  • Alferez Pablo Antonio Cota (1744 - 1800)
    Pablo Antonio de Cota, born about 1744, at the Presidio of El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Mexico, the son of Andres Cota and Angela de Leon. He married Rosa Maria de Lugo on 30th November, 1776, at the San Luis O...
  • Jose Francisco Ortega (1734 - 1798)
    Early lifeOrtega was born in 1734 at Zelaya, Guanajuanto, Mexico, where he worked as a warehouse clerk. In 1755, he enlisted and served at the Presidio at Misión Nuestra Señora de Loreto. In 1759 Orteg...

'The History of California Spanish Missions'

Main article: Spanish missions in California

The Missionaries as They Came and Went. Franciscans of the California missions donned gray habits, in contrast to the brown that is typically worn today.[15] The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of religious and military outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Christian faith among the local Native Americans. The missions represented the first major effort by Europeans to colonize the Pacific Coast region, and gave Spain a valuable toehold in the frontier land. The settlers introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, cattle, horses and ranching into the California region; however, the Spanish occupation of California also brought with it serious negative consequences to the Native American populations with whom the missionaries came in contact. The government of Mexico shut down the missions in the 1830s. In the end, the mission had mixed results in its objective to convert, educate, and "civilize" the indigenous population and transforming the natives into Spanish colonial citizens. Today, the missions are among the state's oldest structures and the most-visited historic monuments. Many were founded by Junipero Serra, a Franciscan friar. California Spanish Missions

Mission Period (1769-1833)

Mission Period 1769-1833

List of California Missions:

Mission San Francisco Solano

Mission San Rafael

Mission San Francisco de Asís

Mission San José

Mission Santa Clara

Mission Santa Cruz

Mission San Juan Bautista

Mission San Carlos Borroméo

Mission La Soledad

Mission San Antonio

Mission San Miguel

Mission San Luis Obispo

Mission La Purísima

Mission Santa Inés

Mission Santa Barbara

Mission San Buenaventura

Mission San Fernando

Mission San Gabriel

Mission San Juan Capistrano

Mission San Luis Rey

Mission San Diego de Alcalá

Significant People of the Missions:

In Northern California, specific tribes are associated geographically with certain missions

Mission Dolores in an Francisco (Muwekma Ohlone)

Mission San Jose in Fremont (Muwekma Ohlone)

Mission Santa Clara in Santa Clara/San Jose (Muwekma Ohlone)

Mission Santa Cruz in Santa Cruz (Amah-Mutsun Band of Costanoan Ohlone)

Mission San Juan Bautista in San Juan Bautista (Amah-Mutsun Band of Costanoan Ohlone)

Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo in Carmel/Monterey (Esselen nation)

Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad in Soledad (Esselen nation)

Mission San Antonio de Padua in Jolon. (Esselen nation and Salinan nation)

Current mission Indian tribes include the following in Southern California:

Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Augustine Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Barona Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Cabazon Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Campo Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Cuyapaipe Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Giant Rock Band (unrecognized) of Morongo Serrano-Cahuilla.

Inaja and Cosmit Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Jamul Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Juaneño Band of Mission Indians (Juaneño)

Laguna Band of Mission Indians of the Laguna Reservation

La Jolla Band of Mission Indians (Luiseño)

La Posta Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Las Palmas Band (unrecognized) of Cahuilla.

Los Coyotes Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla and Cupeño)

Manzanita Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Mesa Grande Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Mission Creek Band of Mission Indians - Mission Creek Reservation of Cahuilla.

Morongo Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla, Serrano and Cupeño)

Pala Band of Mission Indians (Cupeño and Luiseño)

Pauma Band of Mission Indians (Luiseño)

Pechanga Band of Mission Indians (Luiseño)

Ramona Band or Village of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

San Cayetano Band (unrecognized) of Cahuilla

San Manuel Band of Mission Indians (Serrano)

San Miguel Arcangel,[10] descandants of Mission San Miguel Indians in San Miguel, California.

San Pasqual Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Santa Rosa Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Santa Ynez Band of Mission Indians (Chumash)

Santa Ysabel Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Soboba Band of Mission Indians (Luiseño)

Sycuan Band of Mission Indians (Kumeyaay/Diegueño)

Temecula Band (unrecognized) of Mission Indians (Luiseño and Serrano).

Torres-Martinez Band of Mission Indians (Cahuilla)

Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians[11] (Chemehuevi with some Cahuilla and Luiseño descent)[12]

Current Mission Indian tribes north of the present day ones listed above, in the Los Angeles Basin, Central Coast, Salinas Valley, Monterey Bay and San Francisco Bay Areas also were identified with the local Mission of their Indian Reductions in those regions.[citation needed]


Spanish Missions in the Americas