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Cambridgeshire - Main Page


Historical County of England.

Image right - Flag of Historic Cambridgeshire by Hogweard - Own work, Public Domain, Wiki Commons
People Connected to Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire Famous People
Cambridgeshire Genealogical Resources
Historical Cambridgeshire
Historical Buildings of Cambridgeshire
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  • Administrative centre Cambridge
  • County Flower - Pasqueflower
  • People from Cambridgeshire are called - ?

Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) also known, archaically, as the County of Cambridge, is a county of historical origin in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.

Cambridgeshire can be dealt with as three separate entities-

From the time of the Normans Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely have been deemed to be the Ancient County of Cambridgeshire although there are those who would like to refer to the Isle as a separate entity. The Local Government reforms of 1974 took away the autonomy of Huntingdonshire and merged it with the Ancient County.

For the researcher this split of counties can be very confusing especially when researching family history as Huntingdonshire is treated as a county on its own as it was pre-1974.

Geographically there are dividing lines and this allows the various structures within these areas to be identified more easily.

Cambridgeshire was originally called Grantebridge (the bridge over the river Granta, one of the sources of the Cam). The Norman name was Cantebruge (the Cam was first called Cante). Cam is also a celtic word ascribed to rivers and meaning crooked or winding. The name was first recorded in 1010 as Grantabrycgscir.

The principal settlement is the city of Cambridge. Modern Cambridgeshire was formed from the historic counties of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, together with the Isle of Ely and the Soke of Peterborough; it contains most of the region known as Silicon Fen.

Large areas of the county are extremely low-lying and Holme Fen is notable for being the UK's lowest physical point at 2.75 m (9 ft) below sea level. The highest point is in the village of Great Chishill at 146 m (480 ft) above sea level. Other prominent hills are Little Trees Hill and Wandlebury Hill in the Gog Magog Downs, Rivey Hill above Linton, Rowley's Hill and the Madingley Hills.

The Districts of Cambridgeshire


Image adapted (Colours) by CJB from Wiki source
  1. Cambridge
  2. South Cambridgeshire
  3. Huntingdonshire
  4. Fenland
  5. East Cambridgeshire
  6. Peterborough (Unitary)

Major Towns

Cities bold.

  • Aldreth
  • Ashley
  • Bretton
  • Cambridge
  • Eaton Socon
  • Ely
  • Huntingdon
  • March
  • Norman Cross
  • Orton Longueville
  • Peterborough
  • St Neots
  • St. Ives
  • Whittlesey
  • Wisbech

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Parish Map


Image from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers 1984.

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