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Caribbean Migration (To and From U.S.) Prior to 1900

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  • Judah Philip Benjamin (1811 - 1884)
    to a Sephardic family in the West Indies, Judah P. Benjamin was the most highly placed Jew in the Confederacy. Benjamin spent his adolescence in Charleston and briefly attended Yale University. He stud...
  • Philip Swire (c.1827 - 1912)
    Philip Swire who lived in Baton Rouge, LA until he died in 1912. His wife was Anna Kean and they had children Fanny, Walter, Maria, Roger Philip, Sterling B. and others who died young. Philip came to t...

This project covers Caribbean peoples migrating to and from North America/the United Colonies (U.C.)/ United States (U.S.), prior to 1900. Starting about 1500.

Arrivals in Caribbean from Europe

  • Jews from Spain, Portugal, Holland, and Britain
  • See Albion's Seed project
  • Scottish and Irish prisoners and indentured servants
  • Cromwell's fleet arrived in Jamaica,1654-55 (8,000 men).
  • Danes
  • Dutch
  • French
  • Germans to Jamaica, 1700s and 1800s

Arrivals in Caribbean from Africa

Arrivals in Caribbean from Latin America

  • Dutch from Brazil - The first Jews to settle in North America as a group are said to have landed in New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1654 after having sailed from the northern Brazilian town of Recife via Jamaica. In Jamaica still a Spanish island they were kept under house arrest. They managed to escape and reach New Amsterdam where then Governor Peter Stuyvesant wanted them out. As a result of letters from Jews in Barbados and Holland, they were allowed to stay and they founded the Shearith Israel congregation, one of New York's first. It is slated to celebrate its 350th anniversary in 2004.

Arrivals in Caribbean from Asia

  • East Indians from India (Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras), 1830s-.
  • Chinese during and after the Opium Wars, 1840s.
  • Lebanese (Syrians) to Jamaica

Departures from North America to Caribbean, 1500

Departures from U.C. to Caribbean, 1600

Departures from U.C./U.S. to Caribbean, 1700

Departures from U.S. to Caribbean, 1800

Caribbean Planters moving to U.C./U.S.

  • Barbados
  • Jamaica
  • Leeward Islands
  • Winward Islands