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Colonial American officials

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Profiles

  • Col. Daniel Boone (1734 - 1820)
    Family Col. Daniel Boone was born on November 2, 1734 (New Style dating) in log cabin in Birdsboro near Reading, in the Oley Valley of Berks County in Pennsylvania. His parents were Squire Boone, I a...
  • Henry Tucker of The Grove (1713 - 1787)
    Biography Colonel Henry Tucker (1713–1787), generally known as Henry Tucker of The Grove (in reference to his estate in Southampton Parish), was a prominent Bermudian merchant, politician and Milit...
  • Joseph Truman, of New London (c.1639 - 1697)
    Biography Various spellings of the surname appear to have been used within the family and in records of the family, including "Truman," Treman," "Tremain," "Treemin," and others. According to "The hi...
  • Samuel Green (c.1615 - 1702)
    Biography Samuel Green (c.1614 – January 1, 1702) was an American printer and progenitor of the Green family of printers, which included Bartholomew Green, Bartholomew Green, Jr. and Joseph Dennie. B...
  • Dr. Thomas Mayhew (1710 - 1759)
    Biography Lydia Lothrop, daughter of Thomas Lothrop and Mehitable Sarson, was born about 1710 at Edgartown on Martha’s Vineyard. She married 27 Jul 1732 in Chilmark, Dukes, Massachusetts Bay Colony ...

Colonial officials other than Governors. Includes Deputy Governors, Assembly and Council members, etc.


An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless of whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either their own or that of their superior or employer, public or legally private). An elected official is a person who is an official by virtue of an election. Officials may also be appointed ex officio (by virtue of another office, often in a specified capacity, such as presiding, advisory, secretary). Some official positions may be inherited. A person who currently holds an office is referred to as an incumbent. Something "official" refers to something endowed with governmental or other authoritative recognition or mandate, as in official language, official gazette, or official scorer.



This project is for colonial American government officials.

Colonial government in the Thirteen Colonies < Wikipedia >

The thirteen colonies (shown in red) in 1775

The governments of the Thirteen Colonies of British America developed in the 17th and 18th centuries under the influence of the British constitution. After the Thirteen Colonies had become the United States, the experience under colonial rule would inform and shape the new state constitutions and, ultimately, the United States Constitution.[1]

The executive branch was led by a governor, and the legislative branch was divided into two houses, a governor's council and a representative assembly. In royal colonies, the governor and the council were appointed by the British government. In proprietary colonies, these officials were appointed by proprietors, and they were elected in charter colonies. In every colony, the assembly was elected by property owners.

In domestic matters, the colonies were largely self-governing; however, the British government did exercise veto power over colonial legislation. Diplomatic affairs were handled by the British government, as were trade policies and wars with foreign powers (wars with Native Americans were generally handled by colonial governments). [2]

The American Revolution was a dispute over the British Parliament's right to enact domestic legislation for the American colonies. The British government's position was that Parliament's authority was unlimited, while the American position was that colonial legislatures were coequal with Parliament and outside of its jurisdiction. As the Revolution progressed, the colonial governments were replaced by temporary provincial congresses and ultimately by republican constitutions.

Branches

  • Governor (separate project)
  • Council
  • Assembly

References