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Company A 1st U.S. Cavalry ~ The post Civil War Recruits head to the Indian Wars

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  • Wesley Cole (1837 - 1918)
    Co. K. 2nd U.S. Cav. had joined Co. A. 1st U.S. Cav in Feb 1866 1910: Inmate in a Soldier's home in West Roseburg, Douglas Co. OR. mentioned in Pension Deposition of Pvt. Paul Liebermann (Ft. B...
  • Maj. General James W. Forsyth (USA) (1834 - 1906)
    James William Forsyth (August 8, 1835 – October 24, 1906) was a U.S. Army officer and general. He was primarily a Union staff officer during the American Civil War and cavalry regimental commander du...
  • George A.H. Blake (USA) (1810 - 1884)
    Notable Civil War figure "He was brevetted Brigadier General in the Regular Army on March 13, 1863 for "gallant and efficient services during the Gettysburg Campaign" , his mother's maiden name. Se...
  • Lieut. Washington Irving Henderson, (USA) (c.1842 - 1905)
    Civil War service Name: Washington I. Henderson Side: Union Regiment State/Origin: Oregon Territory Regiment: 1st Regiment, Oregon Cavalry Company: G Rank In: Private Rank Out: Private ...
  • Brig. Gen. Thomas McGregor, (USA) (1837 - 1921)
    photo of Thomas (age 39) in his role as leader of Co A 1st US Cavalry at Camp Bidwell, Modoc County, California ca. 1876: Bio. United States Army Brig. General "At the age of 16, after heading to...

Sub Project to the Indian Wars Project

~• Period 1866-1869 : These were all men in this Company who signed up in 1866 for a 3-year tour of duty. ~• Western States (not a Great Plains conflict area) ~• so this project is a PORTRAIT OF JUST ONE COMPANY of the 1st U.S. Cavalry

project goals

  1. To link GENi profiles of those who served in Company A of the 1st U.S. Cavalry, particularly lower rank and file enlisted men.
  2. To provide some perspective of what these men were like and to draw conclusions about the general characteristics of the Company.
  3. After assembling a comprehensive list of many men in the Company during this period, a better conceptualization emerges.
  4. Some observations are made at the bottom of this page.

In order to stay on topic, profiles added here are only of those who enlisted at the outset of the regiment's reassignment to the West c.1866

This project was conceived to supplement the life story of Company A member Pvt. Paul Liebermann (USA)
The project originator is Mike van Beuren, his 3rd great grandson. Paul is in the alpha-list below.

Those below that are (Italic - Blue - Bold face) .. are keyed to GENi profiles and a icn_pushpin_out.gif is added for emphasis
The following soldier information is drawn from various oruginal enlistment records noted under <Sources>

Alpha List of COMPANY A, those who enlisted in 1866 for a 3 year commitment

  1. Howard Abrams (USA) icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 10 1866 at Philadelphia PA; b. Frankford PA, 20, soldier, disch. Feb 10 1869 Ft. Klamath; 3 of 679
  2. George W. Allen; Jan 23 1866 at Cincinnati OH; b. Penfield NY, 20, bugler, deserted Jun 19 1866 at Sacramento ; 2 of 679
  3. John Anderson; Feb 2 1866 at Charlottesville VA; b. Barber Co. VA; 19, farmer, deserted apprehended and sent to Alcatraz after multi. desertions; finally released from service at Alcatraz May 21 1870; 3 of 679
  4. Sgt. Jacob Andrews; Jun 31 1866 at Cincinnati OH; b. Balto., MD , 20, laborer, disch. Jan 31 1869 Ft. Klamath a Sgt.; 2 of 679
  5. Charles Bade icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 19 1866 at Phila. PA; born Phila. PA, 19, soldier, disch. July 19, 1869 Ft. Klamath OR 36 of 679
  6. SGT Philip Banfield (USA) icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 31 1866 at New York; born Cork Ireland, 34, laborer, disch Jan 31 1869 Ft. Klamath 31 of 679
  7. SGT Richard Barrett enlisted in 1865, discharged in 1882 (saw Paul Liebermann after his discharge)
  8. John G. Beamish icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 29 1866 at Philadelphia PA; b. Camden NJ, 19 soldier, disch. Jan 29 1869 at Fort Klamath 29 of 679
  9. Louis Bedinger; Jan 31 1866 at Cincinnati OH; b. Germany, 22, laborer, disch Jan 31 1869 at Fort Klamath OR 32 of 679
    1. lived at 34 Parsons St., Cincinnati OH (c.1894) {Paul Liebermann pension doc pg. 32 of 113)
  10. John Bell; Jan 26 1866 at Phila. PA; b. Phila. PA, 21, soldier, disch. Sep 11 1866; rejoined and disch. at Camp Bidwell Jul 18 1870 29 of 279; confirmed at 290 of 307 (see below)
    1. perhaps: 1860 United States Federal Census for John Bell Pennsylvania Philadelphia Philadelphia Ward 7; dwelling no. 1041 166 of 787
  11. Alois Birkenmeyer icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 26 1866 at Cincinnati OH, b. Baden Germany, 27, farmer, disch. Jan 26 1869 Ft. Klamath OR
    1. second tour (26 of 641) 26 Jan 1869- Dec 24 1870 disch by S.O. at Camp Bidwell CA, " a horse shoer "
  12. William H. Bishop; Jan 29 1866 at Cincinnati OH, b. PA, 20, farmer,deserted Jun 19 1866 (en route Ft. Bidwell)
  13. Christian (aka Gustavus) Boardman; Feb 3 1866 at Baltimore MD, b. Germany, 23, laborer, deserted Jun 19 1866 (en route Ft Bidwell) 39 of 679
  14. Louis Bowman; Jul 20 1866 at Baltimore MD, b. Baltimore MD; age 19, deserted Feb 5 1867 73 of 679
  15. SGT Miles Bowers; Jan 31 1866 at New York; b. New Haven Ct, 28 farmer, disch. Jan 31 Ft. Klamath 31 of 679
    1. reenlisted Aug 9 1869 in San Francisco, this time in Company B of the 1st Cav.; but he deserted May 5, 1870; 42 of 641
  16. John Boyd deserted Feb 15 1867 from Ft. Bidwell 7 of 326 M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1867-1876
  17. John Brefin ; Feb 3 1866 at New York; b. Switzerland, 23, carpenter, deserted Jun 19 1866 (en route to Ft. Bidwell) 37 0f 679
  18. John Brennen; Feb 1 1866 at Phila. PA; b. Ireland, 19, deserted Jun 19 1866 36 of 679
  19. Wm Brennon; Jul 28 1866 at Sacramento; b. ?,?,?, deserted Jul 19 1868 75 of 679
  20. Charles Gould Brigham icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 25 at Boston MA; b. Ringe NH, 23, teamster, disch Jan 23 1869 Ft. Klamath OR; 30 of 679
  21. Dennis J. Brownicn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 20 1866 at Boston MA; b. Boston, 21 soldier, deserted July 1 1866 (at Marysville CA en route Ft. Bidwell) 30 of 679
    1. U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 1864-1865 A-K (page 50) signal corp (1864-1865)
    2. father Francis, mother Ellen Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 for Dennis J Brown in Suffolk Boston Ward 07
    3. father Francis, teamster of Ireland b.c. 1815 = 1860 United States Federal Census for Dennis Brown in Massachusetts Suffolk Boston Ward 7
  22. John Brown; Jan 29 1866 at Carlile PA; b. Cork Ireland, 29, painter, Died July 1 1866 (no location) 30 of 679
  23. Alexander Bruner (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif, Jan 24 1866 at Cincinnati OH; b. Piqua OH, 20, farmer, Disch. Jan 24 1869 at Ft. Klamath 32 of 679
  24. SGT Joseph J. Burkey or Birkey, Jan 26 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Pitchin Co. VA, 19, clerk, Disch. Jan 26 1869 at Ft. Klamath OR 32 of 679
  25. Bernard W. Burnsicn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 13 1866 Cincinnati OH; b. Dayton OH, 19, soldier, Disch. Jan 13 1869 at Ft. Klamath 32 of 679
  26. Thomas Burns; Feb 23 1866 Washington; b. Botecourt VA, 23, farmer, desertedJun 3, Joined Sep 18 1866, deserted Apr 23 1867; 38 of 679
  27. Edward Burwitz icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 9 1866 at {illegible}; b. Germany, 27, soldier, disch. Jan 9 1869 Ft. Klamath; 27 of 679
    1. 6 tours of duty ending apr 29 1885 disch. for disability : U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 1878-1884 A-G 164 of 553
  28. Peter C. Cassidy; Jan 22 1866 at Phila.PA, b. Tyrone Ireland, 25, soldier, deserted June 25, 1866 at Sacremento 119 of 679
  29. John H. Claus (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 27 1866 at Cincinnati OH, b. Hesse Cassel, Germany, 40, soldier, disch. Jan 25 1869 Ft. Klamath 121 of 679
  30. Oscar Cochardicn_pushpin_out.gif;Feb 2 1866 at New York, b. Switzerland, 23, harness maker, disch. Feb 2 1869 at Ft. Klamath 126 of 679
    1. ancestry dot com
  31. Charles H. Cole; Feb 1 at Phila., PA, b. Burlington NJ, 19, soldier. deserted from camp en route Ft. Bidwell Jun 19 1866 125 of 679
  32. Wesley Cole; referenced in Paul Liebermann's pension hearing testimony (in 1894, Wesley lived in Keno, Klamath County, OR) : United w/Co A in the month of February 1866
  33. Owen Conwayicn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 27 1866 at Boston MA; b. Sligo Ireland, 22, shoemaker, disch. Jan 22, 1869 Ft. Klamath 120 of 679
    1. naturalized at end of 1st tour and then reenlisted At Camp Halleck Nevada in Jan 1870 and served during the Modoc War
  34. Charles Cook; Jan 22 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Orange Co., OH, 23, machinist, deserted May 16 1866 122 of 679
  35. Michael Costello; Jan 22 1866 at Boston MA; b. Cork Ireland, 26, laborer, disch. Jan 25 1869 Ft. Klamath 121 of 679
  36. John Campbell; Feb 13 1866 at Phila. PA; b. Phila. PA, 23, soldier, disch.Jan 15 1869 Camp Warner 125 of 679 G.O. 59
  37. John Dahlweinericn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 15 1866 at Baltimore MD, b. Baltimore MD, 19, soldier, deserted Jul 18 1866 200 of 679
  38. Peter Dery; Jul 31 1866 at Phila PA, b. Canada, 20, Harness maker, deserted Jul 20 1867 220 of 679
  39. James Donahue; Feb 13 1866 at New York; b. Cavan Ireland, 20, laborer, disch. Jan 15 1869 GO 24 AGO 59 at Camp Warner OR 199 of 679
  40. Daniel Dowd; Fep 9 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Kerry Ireland, 31, farmer, deserted Apr 24 1866 200 of 679
  41. Charles Emmerson; Jan 8 1866 at Phila, PA; b. Phila., PA, 30, cigar maker, deserted May 31 1866 247 of 679
  42. Charles Ensor ; Feb 1 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Baltimore, 21, disch. Feb 1 1869 at Camp Harney 248 of 679
  43. Isaiah Esterhelt (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 8 1866 at Carlisle PA; b. Dauphin Co. PA; 19, farmer, disch. Jul 8 1869 at Camp Harney Oregon 248 of 679
  44. William Faw; Jun 1 1866 at Sacramento CA; b. Philadelphia, 24, fisherman, deserted Aug 26 1866 281 of 679
  45. Sgt. Robert Finney (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 31 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Baltimore , 23, soldier, disch. Jan 31 1869 at Ft. Klamath OR 266 of 679
  46. John Granlern; Dec 24 ???? at Detroit MI; b. Freeport Maine; 24, laborer, deserted Feb 4 1869 343 of 679
  47. Henry Hemple (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 19 1866 at Phila., PA; b Phila. PA; 20, soldier, deserted June 19, 1866 355 of 679 {eventually spent multiple prison terms in San Quentin}
  48. Michael Hennesseyicn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 26 1866 at Phila. PA; b. London England; 22, soldier, disch. Feb 26 1869 Ft. Klamath OR 355 of 679
  49. ?? William Herfaster sp?; Apr 28 1866 at Phila. PA; b. Montgomery Co., PA; 28, soldier; deserted Sep 29 1866 {may have been in another unit} 366 of 679
  50. Charles Hunter; Mar 28 1866 at Boston MA; b. New York, NY, 22, shoemaker, deserted multiple times; disch. {after incarceration?} from Ft. Klamath May 9 1870 at Exp of Service 361 of 679
  51. Joseph H. Hyzer (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 12 1866 at New York, NY; b. Hyde Park NY; 25, clerk, {Civil War Soldier} disch. Feb 12 1869 at Ft. Klamath a M. Sgt. 356 of 679 ~• subsequently joined the Oregon Militia, became Captain, was involved in the Modoc War and assisted in the capture of Captain Jack
  52. Albert L. Johnson; Feb 13 1866 at Boston MA; b. S. Organge MA, 21, machinist, deserted Apr 30 1866 424 of 679
  53. Charles Johnson; Feb 1 1866 at Boston MA; b. Miramchie NB Canada, 23, mason, deserted May 12 '68 & June 17th '68 424 of 679
  54. Sgt. Charles E. Johnson;Feb 13 1866 at Boston MA; b. Malden MA, 21, painter, disch. Feb 13 1869 at Camp Harney 424 of 679
  55. Constantine A. Johnsonicn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 20 1866 at Phila., PA; b. Clifford PA, 19, farmer, disch.Feb 20 1869 at Ft. Klamath 424 of 679
    1. on ancestry dot com
  56. Charles Jones; Feb 14 1866 at Washington DC; b.Georgetown, DC; 20, laborer, disch. Feb 14 1869 at Camp Harney 424 of 679
  57. Charles Jordan; Feb 3 1866 at New York, NY; b. Hamburg Germany; 22, laborer, deserted, apprehended, deserted, at Alcatraz from where he was discharged Jul 29, 1871 (may have been (rather) in Company L.. hard to make out on original)
  58. James Kingicn_pushpin_out.gif; Jan 23 1866 at Baltimore MD; b. Toronto Canada; 20 brick layer; deserted May '66; apprehended (etc) disch. Jan 23 1869
  59. John H. Lewis; eventually an inmate of the Soldiers Home in Santa Monica, Los Angeles (1894) see pg 45 of 133
  60. Paul Liebermann (USA) {often misspelled} icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 22 1866 at Philadelphia; b. Saxony,38, {Civil War Soldier}; disch. Feb 22 1869 Ft. Klamath, a Pvt. 492 of 679
  61. William Maloney; Jan 23 1866 at Boston, MA; b. Cork Ireland, 26, sailor, disch. Jan 23 1869 at Ft. Klamath 531 of 679
    1. 2nd tour was in 8th Cav. G &K ; Jun 11 at the Presidio, San Fran, CA; b. Cork Ireland, 29, tailor, disch. Jun 11 1874 Ft. Wingate NM 504 of 641
  62. James Maloney ; Feb 15 1866 at New York NY; b. Limerick Ireland, 28, clerk; disch. Feb 15 1869 at Ft. Klamath 537 of 679
  63. Edward Maloy; Feb 16 Baltimore MD; b. Albany NY, 23, laborer, deserted May 14, 1866 538 of 679
  64. James Murray; Jun 1 Sacramento Cal; b. Hamilton OH, 23, laborer, deserted Apr 18, 1868 562 of 679
  65. Daniel McKee; February 15 1866 at Washington DC; b. Dumbarton Scotland, 21, soldier deserted several times, served out full term ; disch. Feb 15, 1869 Ft. Klamath. 610 of 679
    1. re-enlisted back in NYC Apr 1869 in the 4th US Cav. and then deserted in 1870
  66. Edward McKinley; Feb 13 1866 at Phila. PA; b. Phila., 21, butcher; deserted -arrested -deserted (finally) May 6,1666 610 of 679
  67. James McMahon; Jul 19 1866 at New York NY; b. NYC, 20, photographer, deserted Dec 28 1866 629 of 679
    1. may be the same as 11th Conn. and/or 1st CT Inf. (1864) in New York, Registers of Officers and Enlisted Men Mustered into Federal Service, 1861-1865 for James McMahon Vol 2: Volunteers Now In Service, Kings - Orleans Counties
  68. John Rodeman (USA)icn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 13 1869 at Philadelphia PA; b. Hesse Germany, 32, soldier and farrier, disch. Feb 13 1869 Ft. Klamath 43 of 294
    1. later lived at San Louis Obispo (see: page 44 of 133 of Liebermann pension docs)
    2. probably a close mate of Paul Liebermann. They enlisted at the same place and joined the regiment in California on the same day in April 1866
  69. Charles Schrenzel (later worked at the Warner Valley Stock Co. in Oregon) a buckaroo (brands and herds cattle) see pgs. 31 and 32 of 113
    1. no record in Enlistment files on line
  70. Joseph S. Seedsicn_pushpin_out.gif; Feb 7 1866 at Philadelphia PA, b. Atlantic Co., NJ, 23, laborer; disch. Feb 7 1869 Ft. Klamath 99 of 294
  71. Joseph M. Thompson; Feb 1 1866 at Boston MA; b. Cambridgeport MA, 19, laborer, deserted Jun 17 1866 187 of 294
  72. John H. Van Slyke or Van Slyneicn_pushpin_out.gif ; Feb 9 1866 at Cincinnati OH; b. Hamilton OH, 21, farmer, disch. Feb 9 1869 at Ft. Klamath 212 of 294
    1. very probably John Van Slyne (born in Germany but of Hamilton OH. He married and raised a family there.
  73. Charles W. Volger; Feb 26 1886 at New York NY; b. Hamburg Germany, 18, turner, disch. Feb 26 1869 at Ft. Klamath 212 of 294
    1. there was a Charles Volger living with his mother on E. 28th St., NYC in 1880
  74. Henry White; Feb 15 1866 at Philadelphia PA; b. Lancashire England, 22, farmer, disch. Feb 15 1869 at Ft. Klamath 228 of 294
    1. ? hoop skirt maker of 1860? 1860 United States Federal Census for Henry White ; Connecticut, New Haven, Meriden

ARRIVALS OF RECRUITS FROM THE EAST IN CALIFORNIA (multiple dates)

United w/Co A in the month of February

(see page 262 of 307 in U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 • M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1860-1866

  1. Bugler Frank Lewis > deserted from Camp Bidwell Sep 11 1866
  2. Pvt. George Aried (enlistment not found)
  3. Pvt. Thomas Anderson (enlistment not found)
  4. Pvt. (?) Acokey
  5. Pvt. John Allen deserted on July 1 at Marysville CA (see below) (enlistment not found)
  6. Pvt. Howard Abrams √ see first list above
  7. Pvt. George W. Allen √ see first list above (deserted in Sacramento)
  8. Pvt. Jason Andrews √ see first list above (perhaps same person as Jacob Andrews
  9. Pvt. John Bell √ see first list above
  10. Pvt. Charles G. Brigham √ see first list above
  11. Pvt. John G. Braurich (?) (enlistment not found)
  12. Pvt. Phil (?) Baufield (enlistment not found)
  13. Pvt. Miles Bowers √ see first list above
  14. Pvt. Arza (?) Boardman (perhaps Christian Boardman? √ see first list above)
  15. Pvt. John Briffin or Brefin" √ see first list above
  16. Pvt. Louis Barthenwiene (?) (enlistment not found)
  17. Pvt. (?) Bishop deserted June 19 1866 en route Ft. Bidwell
  18. Pvt. (?) Bruner
  19. Pvt. Bernard K. Burns √ see first list above
  20. Pvt. Joseph F. Brickley
  21. Pvt. Dennis J. Brown deserted July 1 1866 at Marysville CA (see below)
  22. Pvt. John Brown
  23. Pvt. Louis Bectinger √ see first list above
  24. Pvt. John Brennan √ see first list above
  25. Pvt. Oscar Cochard √ see first list above
  26. Pvt. Peter G. Capidy (?)
  27. Pvt. Owen Conway √ see first list above
  28. Pvt. Wesley Cole
  29. Pvt. Chas. H. Cole deserted June 19 1866
  30. Pvt. John H. Claws
  31. Pvt. Charles C. Clary
  32. Pvt. Charles Corti (or Cortl?)
  33. Pvt. Robert Finney √ see first list above
  34. Pvt. William Maloney √ see first list above
  35. Pvt. Thomas H. Mills
  36. (from desertion = (2) Henry Burghardts and Charles WIllard)

United w/Co A on April 21

U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1860-1866

  1. Pvt. Joseph Hergio
  2. Pvt. Richard Anderson
  3. Pvt. William Smith
  4. Pvt. Henry Hemple √ see first list above
  5. Pvt. Michael Hennessey √ see first list above
  6. Pvt. Constantine Johnston √ see first list above
  7. Pvt. Paul Lieberman √ see first list above
  8. Pvt. James Maloney √ see first list above
  9. Pvt. Daniel McKee √ see first list above (desertedand then returned to unit in August '66
  10. Pvt. John Rod(e)man √ see first list above
  11. Pvt. William Sheppard √ see first list above
  12. Pvt. Joseph Seeds √ see first list above
  13. Pvt. Joseph Thompson √ see first list above (deserted... see below (June))
  14. Pvt. Charles Volger √ see first list above
  15. Pvt. John H. Van Slyke √ see first list above
  16. Pvt. Charles Bade or Warde √ see first list above
  17. Pvt. Henry White √ see first list above

United w/Co A in June 1866

p. 282 of 307

  1. Pvt. William H. Wilson
  2. Pvt. James Murray
  3. Pvt. William Few (or Fou)
  4. Pvt. James Ashton returned from desertion on June 24 (284 of 307)
  5. Pvt. John Boyd returned from desertion on June 20 (284 of 307) sent to Alcatraz for confinement (291 of 307)

(losses by death and desertion)

  1. Sgt. Edward A. Curran drowned in Sacramento (June 12)
  2. Pvt. John Brennan deserted June 12 from Camp
  3. Pvt. William Sheppard deserted June 13 from camp
  4. Pvt. Joseph M. Thompson deserted June 17 from camp
  5. Pvt. Robson Thompson deserted June 19 from camp
  6. Pvt. Henry Hemple deserted June 19 from camp
  7. Pvt. Chas H. Cole deserted from camp June 19
  8. Pvt. William H. Bishop
  9. Pvt. John Briffin (see above) deserted from camp June 19
  10. Pvt. Gustavus Boardman (see above) deserted from camp June 19
  11. Pvt. George Carr deserted from camp June 19
  12. Pvt. John McDonald deserted from camp June 19 but returned to unit on June 23
  13. Pvt. Thomas Burns deserted from camp June 21
  14. Bugler George Allen deserted from camp June 21 (Sacramento)
  15. Pvt. Peter C. Cassidy deserted from camp June 27 (Sacremento)
  16. Pvt. Frederick Seedsman deserted from camp June 27 (Sacremento)

(aggregate total down to 71 for the August 1866 report)

the month of July desertions

  1. Pvt. Stephen Bayer deserted on July 1 at Marysville
  2. Pvt. Dennis Brown deserted on July 1 at Marysville
  3. Pvt. John Allen deserted on July 1 at Marysville

the month of August 1866

(three men returned from desertion)

  1. Pvt. Daniel McKee
  2. Pvt. Bernard Feutz (?) or Pence (sequence in Aug: Deserted - Returned - Deserted a 2nd time)
  3. (unclear) p. 288 of 307

(seven men deserted, all from Camp Bidwell) Co A down to 71 men

  1. Pvt. Daniel McKee Aug 1
  2. Pvt. Bernard Pence Aug 17
  3. Pvt. Howard Anderson Aug 17
  4. Pvt. Andrew Barnet (?) Aug 26
  5. Pvt. John Nelson Aug 26
  6. Pvt. William (illeg.) Low or Fou or Faw Aug 26 (see alpha list above)
  7. Pvt. Bernard Pratz Aug 28

the month of September 1866

(deserted) (290 of 307) U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 • First Cavalry 1860-1866

  1. Frank Lewis des. Sep 11
  2. John Bell des. Sep 11

the month of October 1866

(two soldiers confined in Alcatraz) Co A. at 69 men
(two soldiers deserted)

  1. (illegible)
  2. Pvt. Timothy Curran Oct 26 Bidwell Barracks

the month of December 1866

  1. Pvt. Charles Dunbar transferred in to Company A
  2. Pvt. Thomas Mills deserted Dec 17 1866

Key Dates

  • December 29, 1865 1st US Cavalry leaves for California from New Orleans, Louisiana (via Panama canal)
  • (generally, the entire regiment)
    • "From 1866 to 1870, various companies from the 1st Cavalry Regiment were involved in numerous skirmishes involving Indians during the American Indian Wars throughout the west. From 1866 to 1868, they operated in Oregon, Idaho Territory Nevada and California fighting the Snake War."
  • Jan 7 1866
    • en route on the transport US McClellan; crossed the isthmus and embarked on the Mail steam ship "Sacramento" ; ports of call: Acapulco & Manzanilla. Arrived SF Jan 22 and marched to the Presidio on Jan 23 (255 of 307) in U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 ; M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1860-1866
  • Jan 22 1866
    • It took post at the Presidio of San Francisco January 22, Companies A, G and K going February 5 to Drum Barracks, Los Angeles], where Companies C, D and E, followed them February 17, Company L going to Sacramento. In June of the same year regimental headquarters went to Fort Vancouver, Washington Territory, and the several companies had been distributed through Oregon, Washington Territory, Idaho, California, Nevada and Arizona, no two being at the same station.
  • Feb 1866 (awaiting horses and equipment at Drum Barracks)
  • Apr 1866 Company A reaches 91 men (267 of 307) still at Drum Barracks, California
  • May 1866 Lord arrives on The Pacific
  • Bvt. Lt. Col. Richard S. C. Lord retires (see http://civilwarcavalry.com/?p=2000 ) 1st Lieut. John F. Small takes command w/o a replacement for Captain
    • "Lord left the Army on sick leave on June 15, 1866, and died of the tuberculosis at his father’s home in Bellefontaine in October 16, 1866 ten days shy of his 34th birthday. He was buried in the Bellefontaine City Cemetery in his home town. His only child, Richard Stanton Lord, died the following year at age 3."
  • (the following events are for Company A in particular, staying specific to this project)
  • May 28 "2 Officers and 85 men left Drum Barrackes for San Francisco; 1 deserted" U.S., Returns from Military Posts, 1806-1916 California, Drum Barracks, 1862 Mar - 1871 Nov; page 341 of 564
  • June 1866
    • Richard Lord en route to Ft. Bidwell w/87 men in Company (see 281 of 307)
      • EVENT: went to Marysville CA
  • June Left Camp Union Sacramento and completed journey to Ft. Bidwell by June 28th (475 miles covered) (285 of 307)
  • "Offer of Pardon" to deserters who surrender in the Dept. of Cal Aug. 2, 1866 corresp. at Bidwell with HQ
  • Sep 18 set out from Bidwell to search for Capt. Franklin Burnet Sprague of the Oregon Cav. Vol. "marching a distance of 350 miles; returned Sep. 24
    • Sprague "rediscovered" Crater Lake in 1865 (see wikipedia)
  • October 22-29 1866 Co A, 1st US Cav.: Expedition from Ft. Bidwell
    • Company A killed 14 Indians, three women, four children, and captured an entire camp.
    • "..Lt. Small with 20 enlisted men left Camp on the 22nd on a scout against hostile Apache Indians. The party surprised a (?) of (?) Indians (?) on the 26th defeating the Indians killing 14 warriors and capture ()women and ()children together with all their provisions... Casualties: 1 Pvt. wounded... The party returned on the 29th having marched 200 miles (291 of 307)
  • Nov 1866 Scout duty around Camp Bidwell (293 of 307)
  • February 28 1867 Fort Bidwell, Modoc County, California, United States
  • March 12 1867 Release of 4 men, Co A 1st US Cav, from confinement ...
    • as entered on page 77 of 403: U.S., Returns from Military Posts, 1806-1916 California Benicia Barracks 1865 Jul - 1897 Dec (covers actions at Camp Bidwell)
  • June 28, 1867 : Co A relieved from duty at Bidwell
    • Moved to various other posts
  • June 1867 Capt. Mc Gregor ordered to Ft. Klamath
    • 1st Lt. John F. Small leads the 67-some Company A there to meet their new Capt. (14 of 326)M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1867-1876
  • July 1867 Company A assigned to Ft. Klamath, Oregon
    • "In Jul 1867 the volunteer troops were relieved by Federal troops of Troop A, 1st U.S. Cavalry. During the Federal period the fort was expanded to more than 40 buildings many of which were framed with fine, knot free pine." http://fortwiki.com/Fort_Klamath
  • September 6-16, 1867 : Conflict at Silver River OR
    • Twenty-four Indians killed and 19 captured. Loss, two men wounded." ~ op. cit. NB. There is no "Silver River" OR. Perhaps Silver Falls is meant?
  • July 1868 Capt McGregor leads 57 men of Co. A against "hostiles" from Fort Klamath
    • 57 Enlisted men of the 92 at the Fort left he Post in July.
      • page 261 of 464 in U.S., Returns from Military Posts, 1806-1916
  • August 1868 same sortie continues, joining Brig Gen. Crook
    • 568 miles covered so far... no altercation ... Co A 1st US Cav joined Brig. Gen George Crook's force in the Goose Lake Cal. area. Thence, back to Ft. Klamath on Aug 28th 1868
  • winter garrison duty at Ft. Klamath
  • stopped at Feb. 1869 for now First 3-year period of enlistment ends for initial recruits form the East

analysis

  • 37 of 65 served out the the full 3-year enlistment commitment (57%)
  • (more than) 26 of 65 deserted without completion of 3 years (40%)
    • some deserted and subsequently returned to service
  • only one 1 of 65 died during enlistment
    • (none) killed by Indians
  • 2 of 65 sent to Alcatraz (infraction(s) not stated)
  • 32 of 65 were discharged from Fort Klamath, Oregon
  • 3 of 65 were discharged from Camp Harney, Oregon
  • quite a few remained in the West to raise families

General Staff

Officers of Company A

  • Jan 1866 at Presidio Barracks (Total of 49 in Company)
  • Note: Michael J. Fitzgerald of Co C US 9th Infantry was in command over Co A US Cav's F.J. Small while the two companies were together at Bidwell (62 of 403)
  • Feb 1867 at Bidwell (Total of 68 soldiers in Company)

Nationalities

  • 8/65 born in Germany 12%
  • 10/65 born in Ireland 15%
  • 6/65 b. other countries 9%
    • total 24/65 foreign ........................ 40%'

Not counting commissioned officers, at least Ten men in Company A had fought in the Civil War, all on the Union side. Many of these were under twenty when they served as Civil War soldiers.

States
All, save two, enlisted in eastern states; only one from west of the Mississippi River

AGES > at least 44/65 (2 in 3) were 23 and under when they enlisted
only two were over 35 years old

Desertions were often in groups on the same day. All-in-all, 31 of the 70 in the list of enlistments deserted: 44 per cent

sources

  1. U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 1866 A-O has 679 pages
    1. completed to end of page 679 of 679 in A-O April 24 2018 note: reading the 679 records took 6 days
    2. there is a separate "P-Z" register( 294 records) completed 294 of 294 records Apr 25 2018; took 1 day (this register seems to be incomplete)
    3. the two registers complete the task of reading all those in Co A who would have enlisted the same year as Paul Lieberman" (but many names are illegible)
  2. Enlistments 1869-1870 eg. Birkenmeyer, Maloney
  3. Training of recruits
  4. Regular Cavalry in the Civil War
  5. https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/391.html
  6. U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 ; M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1860-1866
  7. U.S. Returns from Regular Army Non-infantry Regiments, 1821-1916 ; M744 Roll 001-013 First Cavalry 1867-1876
  8. U.S., Returns from Military Posts, 1806-1916 California Drum Barracks 1862 Mar - 1871 Nov
  9. topic: Desertion > https://majjamesbronan.wordpress.com/2013/07/05/1122/
  10. First Regiment of Cavalry* By Capt. R. P. Page Wainwright, 1st U. S. Cavalry
  11. Research note: Camp Bidwell returns for 1866 are filed at U.S., Returns from Military Posts, 1806-1916 California, Benicia Barracks, 1865 Jul - 1897 Dec
  12. http://library.ca.gov/california-history/gold-rush/