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Dachau Concentration Camp - מחנה הריכוז דכאו

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  • Walter Kronberger (1896 - 1945)
    Birth record: SOKOLOV 1905 N 1896-1947 (4/84) Born 14. 07. 1896 Last residence before deportation: Prague XII Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague XII, V Horní Stromovce ...
  • Gabriele Porges (1868 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Porges, Gabriele geboren am 26. November 1867 in München / - / Bayern wohnhaft in München Deportation: ab München 25. Juni 1942, Theresienstadt, Ghetto ...
  • Elsa Porges-Bernstein (1866 - 1949)
    b. Vienna 28/10/1866 d. Munich 12/07/1949 (source : ) Pseudonym : Ernst Rosmer, German playwright Daughter of Heinrich Porges. An affliction of the eyes forced her to retire, she thenceforth devoted ...
  • Sigmund Beer (1886 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Beer, Sigmund Siegmund geboren am 24. August 1886 in Baiertal / Wiesloch / Baden wohnhaft in Mannheim und Heidelberg Inhaftierung: 11. November 1938 - 2...
  • Josef Mandelbaum (1879 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Mandelbaum, Josef geboren am 29. Januar 1879 in München / - / Bayern wohnhaft in München Inhaftierung: 10. November 1938 - 06. Dezember 1938, Dachau, Konz...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.

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