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Dachau Concentration Camp - מחנה הריכוז דכאו

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  • Hugo Eskeles (1888 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Eskeles, Hugo geboren am 06. Februar 1888 in Offenbach a. Main / - / Hessen wohnhaft in Heilbronn, Zweibrücken und München Inhaftierung: 12. November 19...
  • Ludwig Marx (1897 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Marx, Ludwig geboren am 08. Februar 1897 in Heilbronn / - / Württemberg wohnhaft in Heilbronn und Freudental Inhaftierung: 11. November 1938 - 25. Janua...
  • Benjamin Heimans (1896 - 1944)
    Bruidegom Benjamin Heimans Beroep handelsreiziger Leeftijd 24 Bruid Mientje Philips Beroep zonder beroep Leeftijd 28 Vader van de bruidegom Jacob Heimans Beroep geen beroep vermeld Moeder van de bruide...
  • Hanuš Epstein (1911 - 1945)
    Born 29. 08. 1911 Last residence before deportation: Řevničov Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Slaný Transport Y, no. 132 (22. 02. 1942, Kladno -> Terezín) Transport Em, n...
  • Fritz Martin Holland (1897 - 1969)
    Fritz was taken to Dachau in November 1938, but released (not clear) On October 28, 1939 he emigrated to Argentina with his wife

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.

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