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Dachau Concentration Camp ---- מחנה הריכוז דכאו

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  • Josef Katz (1873 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Katz, Josef geboren am 02. Oktober 1873 in Obervorschütz / Fritzlar / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Kassel Inhaftierung: 29. April 1941 - 24. Juni 1941, Breit...
  • Vitezlav Stein (1928 - 1945)
    Born 18. 05. 1928 last residence before deportation:Prague, V Transport Di, c. 147 (13.07.1943 Prague -> Terezn) Transport Ek, c. 2439 (28.09.1944 Terezn -> Auschwitz) Murdered 08. 02. 1945 Dachau Da...
  • RNDr. Bedrich Wolfgang Kohler (1910 - 1945)
    Born 25. 12. 1910 Last residence before deportation: Prague XII Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague XII, Písecká 7 Transport Cv, no. 149 (06. 03. 1943, Prague -> Terezín...
  • Ernst August Friedmann (1886 - 1947)
    Divorced in 1933. Was in Dachau, Nov 10, 1938 through December 19, 1938
  • Alfred Abraham Levi (1888 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Levi, Alfred Abraham geboren am 23. Januar 1888 in Haigerloch / - / Hohenzollernsche Lande wohnhaft in Haigerloch Inhaftierung: 12. November 1938 - 15. De...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.

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מחנה הריכוז דכאו היה מחנה ריכוז נאצי ליד העיר דכאו בגרמניה. לאחר המלחמה נבנו שכונות של העיר מסביב למחנה.

יהודים ושבויי מלחמה סובייטים רבים מתו במחנה בשל תנאי המחיה הנוראים, בדכאו שהיה מחנה ריכוז (ולא מחנה השמדה כמו אושוויץ, טרבלינקה ואחרים). מבין כ-200,000 אסירים שעברו דרכו ב-12 שנות קיומו, נספו על פי הערכות כ-30,000 איש. במחנה הוקמו תאי גזים אך מעולם לא נעשה בהם שימוש. עם זאת, במשרפות שנבנו מחוץ לגדרות המחנה שרפו גופות אסירים שמתו במחנה.

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