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Profiles

  • Roy Dominor Tucker (1890 - 1975)
    World War I veteran: Private, United States Army
  • Colin Cameron (1849 - 1911)
    Colin CAMERON b: 10 Dec 1849 Danville, Montour Co, PA s/o Elizabeth LEINBACH (1828-1918) & Simon Cameron (1829-1902) gs/o Henry L. Leinbach (1784-1829) & Mary Barnhart (1889-1846) & Collin Cameron ...
  • Benjamin Swiger (1805 - 1887)
    Find A Grave Memorial# 29787484 1850 Census lived in Harrison County with his wife Elizabeth Gain Swiger and his children, Rebecca, Eleanor, Ruth, Amos, Susan, Mary, Lemuel, Simon, James and Solomo...
  • Col. James Cameron (1800 - 1861)
    ) James Cameron (March 1, 1800 – July 21, 1861) was a Pennsylvanian who served as colonel of the 79th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment of the Union Army during the early days of the American Civi...
  • Harvey Kiger (1842 - 1895)
    "[Actor Jon Cryer]'s maternal grandfather was Earl William Kiger, Jr. (the son of Earl William Kiger and Sadie Rosamond Machlan). Jon’s grandfather Earl was born in Indiana. Jon's great-grandfather Ear...

Introduction

A farmer (also called an agriculturer) is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials. The term usually applies to people who do some combination of raising field crops, orchards, vineyards, poultry, or other livestock. A farmer might own the farmed land or might work as a labourer on land owned by others, but in advanced economies, a farmer is usually a farm owner, while employees of the farm are known as farm workers, or farmhands. However, in the not so distant past a farmer was a person who promotes or improves the growth of (a plant, crop, etc.) by labor and attention, land or crops or raises animals (as livestock or fish). Advancements in technology

In the U.S. of the 1930s, one farmer fed only himself and three other consumers. The same farmer now feeds well over a hundred people. However, some authors consider this estimate as flawed as it does not take into account that farming requires energy and many other resources which have to be provided by additional workers, so that the ratio of people fed to farmers is actually smaller than 100 to 1.

More distinct terms are commonly used to denote farmers who raise specific domesticated animals. For example, those who raise grazing livestock, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses, are known as ranchers (U.S.), graziers (Australia & U.K.), or simply stockmen. Sheep, goat, and cattle farmers might also be referred to respectively as shepherds, goatherds, and cowherds. The term dairy farmer is applied to those engaged primarily in milk production, whether from cattle, goats, sheep, or other milk producing animals. A poultry farmer is one who concentrates on raising chickens, turkeys, ducks, or geese, for either meat, egg, or feather production, or commonly, all three. A person who raises a variety of vegetables for market may be called a truck farmer or market gardener. Dirt farmer is an American colloquial term for a practical farmer, or one who farms his own land.

In developed nations, a farmer (as a profession) is usually defined as someone with an ownership interest in crops or livestock, and who provides land or management in their production. Those who provide only labor are most often called farmhands. Alternatively, growers who manage farmland for an absentee landowner, sharing the harvest (or its profits) are known as sharecroppers or sharefarmers. In the context of agribusiness, a farmer is defined broadly, and thus many individuals not necessarily engaged in full-time farming can nonetheless legally qualify under agricultural policy for various subsidies, incentives, and tax deductions.

Jump Back to Occupations Portal

Notes

  • "Peasants" (in French « habitants ») may not fit this project that well. The term "peasant" does not quite actually means an occupation. And in French, the term "habitant" does not quite match "peasant". We need to clarify this.
  • For roles where the worker has no ownership or control at all over the land being exploited, see Agricultural Labourers, Farmworkers.

Sources




this project is in HistoryLink 

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