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  • Estienne Niel, SV/PROG (1669 - c.1738)
    Estienne was from Dauphine, a French refugee that arrived in South Africa in 1693. He was a "Kompanjie" Soldier en later a farmer in Drakenstein.He owned the following farms: Keerweder in Franschoek,...
  • Estienne Viret, SV/PROG (c.1662 - 1726)
    Alternate spelling surname: Wieret -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Information from 'The Huguenots of South Africa' by P. Coertzen: Na...
  • Boucher.M (1981). French speakers at the Cape: The European Background. Pretoria, UNISA
  • Antoine Gros (deceased)
    Antoine Gros - a French Huguenot from Soubeyran, Dauphine, France - arrives in the Cape on 'de Schelde' on 5/6/1688. No further information Antoine Gros in Boucher ... the refugee Antoine G...
  • Jean Gardé, SV/PROG (1680 - c.1704)
    Jean Garde in Boucher Jean Garde was associated with Jean Durand at the Cape in 1690 and in the following year was granted a farm which he called Rhone. He was probably also from Dauphine, particular...

Please attach the profiles of French Huguenots who were born in Dauphiné. If possible, also add their names into the text below, according to their country of emigration.

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(Map: Coertzen, Pieter. 1988. Die Hugenote Van Suid Afrika 1688-1988: Cape Town, Tafelberg.)

Background History of Dauphiné at the time of the Huguenot Diaspora

The French provinces of Provence and Dauphiné, together with south-eastern Burgundy, lie within this part of Europe. .. Apart from the coastal strip and the river valleys, particularly that of the Rhone, this region is dominated by the massive mountain ranges of the Alps and the Jura. Here, and in the Vosges to the north, many of the rivers of the Rhone-Saone system have their sources, among them the Durance, the Drome and the Doubs. It is a land of hardy mountain folk in many districts, often living in isolated towns and villages and speaking dialects of Provencal in the south, a language in eclipse in the seventeenth century, but certainly more widely spoken than is the case today. Those from Provence, as a contemporary pointed out, did not consider themselves Frenchmen.

…The synodal province of Dauphiné, which formed the prolongation of the great arc of Calvinism from Poitou to Languedoc, had close links with Geneva. The reformed faith was firmly established in Dauphiné and Calvinists were in a majority in many rural communities and were influential in the life of a number of towns, among them Montelimar and Die. Some 85 000 members of the reformed church lived in its eight colloquies, worshipping in more than seventy temples, of which several lay in Alpine territory now forming part of Italy: those of the six churches of the Valcluson colloquy, including Pragela (Pragelato), and Chateau-Dauphin (Casteldelfino) in the Embrunais colloquy. The churches of the Orange principality were also included in the Dauphiné synodal province.

...It will be seen therefore that Calvinism was a relatively powerful religious influence in south-eastern France, especially in Dauphiné and along the Swiss border. Its strength was, however, largely confined to rural areas of small total population and one or two of the smaller towns. Some 12% of all French Protestants lived in this part of the country.

.• M. Boucher.M (1981). French speakers at the Cape: The European Background. Pretoria, UNISA: Ch 7: Cape Settlers III: from South-Eastern France and Adjoining Territories pp169-72

Countries of Dispersal

South Africa

North America

Britain

Ireland

References & Resources

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