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French Huguenots who emigrated to South Africa

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Profiles

  • Paul le Febvre (c.1694 - d.)
    'A Paul Lefebvre , presumably the son of the Chateau-Thierry surgeon, was married at Middelburg on June 27, 1694 to Elisabeth Sezille , who bore him a child Paul less than six weeks after the ceremony....
  • Suzanne le Febvre (b. - 1696)
    ..from the transcription of the records of the Walloon church in the Zeeland capital we learn that the surgeon Paul Lefebvre and his wife Marie Taillefert had reached Middelburg at an earlier date and ...
  • Marguerite le Febvre (c.1687 - d.)
    ..from the transcription of the records of the Walloon church in the Zeeland capital we learn that the surgeon Paul Lefebvre and his wife Marie Taillefert had reached Middelburg at an earlier date and ...
  • Paul Bisseux (c.1695 - 1696)
    A third death among the emigrants took place on September 7, that of “een van onse franse passagiers kinders .. . genaamt paulus biosse ( Paul Bisseux ) gebooren tot middelbg” ..Two of th...

Fleeing religious persecution of Protestants in France after the 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes (which had guaranteed their rights), 200 000 French Huguenots emigrated to countries such as Switzerland. Germany, England, America, and South Africa.

Amongst the first Huguenots to come were Francois Villion (Viljoen) in 1671, Pierre le Febre in 1683, Jean de Long, and the du Toit brothers, François and Guillaume who arrived in 1686 on the Vryheit. Actually, the very first was Maria de la Quellerie, Jan van Riebeeck's wife. Between 1688 and 1689 a large-scale emigration programme of Huguenots who had fled to the Netherlands was organised to the Cape of Good Hope - then a colony of the Dutch East India Company, which needed more settlers to provide food for the passing fleets. It began on December 31, 1687, and in total some 180 Huguenots from France, and 18 Walloons from the present-day Belgium, eventually settled at the Cape of Good Hope, comprising about one sixth of the free burgher population. Individuals continued to arrive sporadically until the termination of the state subsidised emigration in 1707. By 1720 about 270 French refugees had settled in the Cape.

The Commander, Simon van der Stel, ensured, from the start, that the French, Dutch and German settlers were intermingled (see map), and that only Dutch was spoken in schools and church - so that, within 2 generations, the French language was lost in SA, only to be recalled by the names of their farms and their descendants - many of which still bear their original French names.

Timeline

  • October 1671 Francois Villion arrived at the Cape as the first Huguenot refugee
  • 1685 Jean le Long arrived at the Cape
  • 22 October 1685 Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes and declared Protestantism illegal with the promulgation of the Edict of Fontainebleau
  • June/July 1686 Francois and Guillaume du Toit arrived in the Cape on board of the De Vrijheid
  • 31 December 1687 The Voorschoten departs from Delftshaven, Zeeland
  • 6 January 1688 The Borssenburg departs from Texel
  • 3 February 1688 The Oosterlandt departs from Goree
  • 19 February 1688 The Schelde departs to Table Bay
  • 20 March 1688 The Berg China departs from Rotterdam
  • 13 April 1688 The Voorschoten arrives in Saldanha Bay, the first ship with Huguenots on board as part of the official colonialisation of the Cape by French
  • 22 April 1688 The Zuid-Beveland departs for Table Bay
  • 25 April 1688 The Oosterlandt arrives in Table Bay
  • 26 April 1688 The Voorschoten’s passengers arrived on board of the Jupiter in Table Bay
  • 12 May 1688 The Borssenburg arrives in Table Bay
  • 5 June 1688 The Schelde arrives in Table Bay
  • 27 July 1688 The Wapen van Alkmaar departs from Texel
  • 4 August 1688 The Berg China arrives in Table Bay
  • 19 August 1688 The Zuid-Beveland arrives in Table Bay
  • 9 January 1689 The Zion departs for Table Bay
  • 27 January 1689 The Wapen van Alkmaar arrives in Table Bay
  • 6 May 1689 The Zion arrives in Table Bay
  • 25 May 1689 The Drie Bergen departs for Table Bay
  • April 1696 The Vosmaer departs from Holland
  • October 1696 The Vosmaer arrives in Table Bay
  • 16 June 1699 The Westhoven arrives in Table Bay
  • 20 July 1699 The Donkervliet arrives in Table Bay
  • 2 May 1700 The Reigersdaal departs from Goree
  • 22 August 1700 The Reigersdaal arrived in Table Bay
  • 1710 Pierre Labuschagne comes to South Africa on board of the Verburg
  • 1717 Anna Maria Bacat comes to South Africa
  • 1718 Jacques Naude comes to South Africa on board of the Abbekerk
  • 1723 Jean Blignaut comes to South Africa on board of the Huis ten Assenburg
  • 1726 Francois Guilliaume comes to South Africa on board of the Berbice
  • 28 November 1787 The Edict of Tolerance/ Edict of Versailles is declared which partly restored the rights of the Huguenots

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LIST OF HUGUENOTS (Please add:)


List of Huguenot Families Still Around Today (from Krige's Pamphlet)

(I tried an experiment in bilingualism - I'm not sure it worked - but it took so long to do that I've put it in anyway. I'm still working on it. - Sharon

Hmm, looking at this a year or so later - I still hate it; so it's on my to-do list to rewrite: Maybe only translating the difficult words out of Afrik; or maybe with a translation paragraph underneath each; or maybe just leaving it in Afrik. Anyone else who it irritates as much as me is welcome to start fixing it before I do :-) SHARON Mar 2013)

  • AURET: Jeremie Etienne Auret het/did uit/out Nantes na/to Nederland gevlug/fled, van/from waar/where sy/his seun/son, Jermias Auret na/to SA verhuis/moved house het/did. In 1748 is hy/he met/to Maria Anna Grove, die/the weduwee/widow van/of die/the boekhouer/bookkeeper, Daniel Brousson, getroud/married.
  • BLIGNAUT / BLIGNAULT: Die/The Blignauts is afkomstig/coming van/from Monthelon en/& die/the stamvader/progenitor, Jean Blignaut, het/did in 1723 in die/the diens/service van/of die/the VOC as adelbors/midshipman op/on die/the skip/ship ‘Huis ten Assenburg’ gearriveer/arrived. Hy/he is ‘n/a onderwyser/teacher van/of Daniel Hugo(d) se/’s kinders/children, en/& met/with laasgenoemde/the latter se/’s weduwee/widow, Anne Rousseau, getroud/married.
  • BOSHOFF: Guillaume Henri Bossau van/from Bayonne in S France het/did in 1741 na/to die/the Cape gekom/come. Hy/he was/was hoefsmid/farrier/(blacksmith?) en/& slotmaker/locksmith en/& het/did hom/him in Swellendam gevestig/settled waar/where hy/he begin/began boer/farm het/did.
  • BRUWER: Die/the stamvader/progenitor Estienne Bruere was van/from Blois Orleanais in France afkomstig/coming op/on die/ the Voorschoten’ op/on 13/4/1688 as vrygesel/bachelor hier/here aangekom/arrived. Hy/he was ‘n/a wamaker/wagonmaker van/of beroep/calling. Sy/his 1st plaas/farm, Rust en Werk (Rest and Work), was in Daljosafet situated. Hy/he was getroud/married met/to Esther de Ruelle in 1690 en/& Susanna du Puys van/of Nederland op/on 19/02/1702.
  • BUYS: Jean de Buis (de Buys) van/from Calais of/or Marck in Flandres het/did op/on die/the Oosterland op 25.4/1688 hier/here aangekon/came en/& was in 1700 getroud/married met/to Sara Jacobs, dogter/daughter van/of die/the French vlugteling/refugee, Pierre Jacob van/from Calais/Vielle Eglise in Flandres. Jean het/did in Knolle Vallei/ Drakenstein geboer/farm. Sara het met haar vader/father op die ‘’de Schelde’’ op/on 5/6/1688 aangekom/came, en was 1st met/with Daniel Terrier in 1692 getrou/married/.
  • CILLIERS / CILLIE / CELLIERS: Josue Cellier van/from Orleans het/did in 1700 met/with sy/his vrou/wife Elisabeth Couvret op/on die/the skip/ship Reygersdaal aangekom/arrived . Hy/he was ‘n/a timmerman/carpenter van/of beroep/calling, maar/but het/did ‘n/a goeie/good kennis/knowledge van/of land en/& wingerdbou/viticulture gehad/have. Hy/he het/did ‘Het Kruijs Pad, Bottelary’ besit/owned.
  • CORDIER: Louis Cordier (Cortje), married to Francoise Martinet, a tenant famer from Pontaix (or Orleanais) - one of the first elders in the French community of Bethel, Drakenstein.
  • CRONJE: Die/The 2 broers/brothers, Pierre Cronje en/& Estienne Cronier het/did op/on die/the Driebergen van/from uit/out Normandie aangekom/arrived . Estienne was ongetroud/unmarried en/& Pierre was getroud/married met/to Susanna Taillefert, weduwee/widow van/of Jean Garde.
  • DE CLERCQ / DE KLERK: Pieter de Clercq van/from Seerooskerke, Nederland, is in Nederland oorlede/died. His wife, Sara Cochet came out on die/the Oosterland with sy/his seun/son, Abraham de Clercq to marry Guillaume du Toit. Abraham de Klerk is die/the stigter/founder van/of die/the familie/family in SA, het/did in Stellenbosch geboer/farm, en/& was ook/also later lid/member van/of die/the Stellenbosse Dragonders.
  • DELPORT: Jacques de la Porte came from Lille in French Flandres in 1699 on the ship Cattendyk, together with his wife, Sara Vitout - who he had married in Oct 1698 - & their eldest daughter, Maria. Ffrom 1721 to 1733 he owned the farm Ontdekkers- Vlei near St. Omar, Daljosafat. He died on 9 December 1739. He had 3 sons & 3 daughters .
  • DE VILLIERS: Die/the 3 broers/brothers, Pierre de Villiers, Abraham de Villiers en/& Jacques (Jacob) de Villiers het/did in 1689 met/with die/the skip/ship Zion in Tafelbaai/Table Bay aangekom/arrived. Oorspronklik/Originally van/from Bourgogne, het/did 3 ‘n/a ruk/while lanks/next to mekaar/each other by Franshoek geboer/farm. Al/All 3 was knap/handsome wyn/wine boere/farmers. Pierre was/was getroud/married met/to Elisabeth Taillefert; en/& Jacques en/& Abraham het/did 2 susters/sisters – Marguerite Gardiol en/& Susanna Gardiol - as eggenote/spouses gehad/had. Abraham het/did nie/not a manlike/male nageslag/offsprng gehad/had nie/not.
  • DU PLESSIS: Jean Prieur, ‘n/a chirurgyn/surgeon van/from Poitiers, het/did met/with die/the Oosterland gekom/come/came, vergesel/accompanied van/of/from sy/his vrou/woman, Madeleine Menanteau. Hulle/their/they 1st seun/son, Charl Prieur duPlessis is op/on pad/road/journey na/to/after SA gebore/born. Na/After 5 jaar/year het/did hulle/they weer/again na/to/after Europe teruggekeer/travelled back maar/but hom/him opnuut/newly hier/here kom/come vestig/settled met/with/to sy/his 2nd vrou/woman, Marie Buisset. Hy/he is in 1708 in Stellenbosch oorlede/died.
  • DU PREEZ: Hercule des Prez of/or du Pre het/did uit/out Courtrai, Flandres hierheen/hereto gevlug/fled en/& met/with/to sy/his vrou/woman Cecilia d’Atis en/& 6 kinders/children: Elizabeth du Preez; Hercule du Preez Jr; Marie-Jeanne du Preez;Francois-Jean du Preez; Jaquemina du Preez; Phillippe du Preez op/on die/the Schelde aangekom/arrived.
  • DURAND: Jean, van/of/from La Motte, was chirurgyn/surgeon en/& boer/farmer te/in Drakenstein. Sy/his vrou/woman was Anna Vermeulen.
  • DU TOIT: François, en/& sy/his broer/brother Guillaume het/did uit/out Lille in Flandres gevlug/fled. Laasgenoemde/the latter het/did net/only dogters/daughters gehad/have. Francois het/did hom/himself as burger/citizen in Daljosafat gevestig/settled. Francois’ vrou/woman wasSusanna Seugnet. Guillaume’s vrou/woman wasSara Cochet
  • FAURE: Antoine Alexandre was afkomstig/coming van/from/to Orange en/& het/did in 1714 gearriveer/arrived op/on die/the 'Kokenge'. Hy/he trou/marriesRachel de Villliers. Hy/he was voorleser/reader en/& skoolmeester/schoolmaster te/at Stellenbosch.
  • FOUCHE: Philippe Foucher (Fouché), van/of/from Orleanais was saam/together met/with/to sy/his vrou/woman, Anne Souchay en/& 3 kinders/children van/of/from die/the 1st vlugteling/fleeing person wat/that met/with/to die/the ‘Voorschoten’ hier/here aangekon/came het/did. Hyulle/They was/were gevestig/established te/in 'de Wilde Paardenjacht', Drakenstein, Paarl.
  • FOURIE: Louis Fourie het/did vanaf/from/to of/or Dauphine gekom/came en/& is aan/to die/the Kaap met/with/to Susanna Cordier en/& daarna/after met/with/to Anna Jourdaan/to getroud/married.
  • GILLIOMEE: François Guilliaumé from Languedoc, France arrived at the Cape from Berlin, Germany (where he'd gone with a group of Huguenots in the 1700s), in 1726 on board the 'Berbice'. He travelled with his wife, Claudine Eloy – born in Bordighera, Ligurië, Italy, and their children Mathieu, Jeanne, Marie & Anne. The VOC sent him at the request of the Cape government for people who could promote the silk industry. He also seems to have been sent to follow up on the estate of Jacques Labat. The silkworm enterprise, however, failed.
  • GOUWS / GOUS: Andre Gaucher van/of/from Le Pont-de-Montvert het/did in 1690 met/with/to die/the skip/ship ‘Spierdyk’ aangekon/came en/& was 1 van/of/from die/the min/few vlugteling/fleeing person (refugee) wat/that geen/no geldelike/monetary hulp/help nodig/needed gehad/had het/did nie/not (did not need).
  • HUGO: Daniel Hugot(d) van/of/from Champagne was volgens/according oorlewering/tradition kort/short van/of/from postuur/posture (stature), maar/but ‘n/a baie/very bekwame/skilled smid/smith en/& het/did op/on Zion geboer/farm. Op/on 60 jarige/yrs leeftyd/lifetime (old) is hy/he getroud/married met/to Anne Rousseau, op/on wie/who se/’s dooplegtigheid/baptism Hy/he as peetvader/godfather opgetree/acted het/did en/& waar/where tydens/during Hy/he speels/joking opgemerk/remarked het/did dat/that sy/she nog/still sy/his vrou/woman sou/would word/be. Sy/She was die/the stammmoeder/progenitor van/of beide/both die/the Blignaults en/& die/the Hugos.
  • JACOBS: Pierre Jacob van/from Calais, het/did met/with sy/his vrou/wife, Susanne de Vos en/& 3 kinders/children aangekom/arrived. Hy/he is vroeg/early oorlede/died en/& sy/his vrou/wife is daarna/after met/to Nicolaas de Lanoy getroud/married.
  • JORDAAN: Jean Jourdaan/to het/did in 1688 saam/together met/with/to sy/his broer/brother Pierre op/on die/the ‘Berg China’ aangekom/arrived. Hulle/they was van/of/from Cabriere afkomstig/coming. Pierre het/did nie/not ‘n/a manlike nageslag/ male offsprng nagelaat/left behind nie/not. Jean was later eienaar/owner van/of/from Hulle/their/they plaas/farm ‘La Motte’.
  • JOUBERT: Pierre Joubert van/of/from ‘La Motte’ het/did as 23-yrs jongman/ young man met/with/to die/the ‘Berg China’ vertrek. Sy/His 1st vrou/woman is op/on pad/road vanaf/from France oorlede/died en/& voor/before sy/he aankom/comes hier/here het/did Hy/he met/with/to Isabeau Richard in die/the huwelik/marriage getree/stepped (married). Hy/he was landbouer/land builder (husbandman) en/& het/did 3 plaase/farms in Drakenstein besit/owned.
  • LABUSCHAGNE: Pieter Labuscaigne het/did waarskynlik/probably van/of/from Pontacq in S-France gekom/came. Hy/he was skoolmeester/schoolmaster en/& boer/farmer, en/& het/did in 1710 hier/here geland/landed.
  • LE GRANGE: Pierre van/of/from Cabriere in Provence, het/did ook/also met/with/to die/the ‘Berg China’ aangekom/arrived. Op/on 40 yrs leeftyd/lifetime is Hy/he met/with/to Margaretha Kool, ‘n/a 14 yr dogter/daughter, getroud/married. 1 van/of/from sy/his voorsate/ancestors, Peregrine la Grange, ‘n/a Calvinistiese leraar/teacher, was 1 van/of/from die/the martelaars/martyrs in 1576.
  • LE RICHE: Louis, the progenitor, came from the Thimerais region in France (perhaps in Ill-de-France, next to Normandy) on the ship ‘Driebergen’ in 1698 as Louwys de Ryck. He settled in Kromrivier in Wagenmakersvallei, and married Suzanne Fouché aka Susanna Fouche (b1689) in 1708. They had 2 sons & 3 daughters, of whom 1 daughter died young.
  • LE ROUX: 3 Le Rouxs het/did na/to/after SA gekom/come, naamlike/namely Jean, vanaf/from Normandy, en/& die/the broers/brothers Gabriel en/& Jean, vanaf/from Blois. Jean van/of/from Normandy was nie/not aan/to die/the ander/other 2 verwant/related nie/not.
  • LE SEUR: François le Sueur was a minister who came to the Cape on the ship, the ‘Midloo’ in 1729.He was born in Ooij in Gelderland Netherlands where his father and grandparents had fled from Normandy. He settled in Tafelvalle and married Joanna –Catherina Swellengrebel.
  • LOMBARD: Pierre Lombard came from Pointaix, Dauphiné, France as one of the early refugees. On 6 January 1688 he & his wife Marie Couteau (1659-1718) from Soudiere in Dauphine, together with Francois Rétif, Maria Rousseau and Pierre Meyer, sailed on the ‘Borssenburg’ from Texel in the Netherlands, docking in the Cape on 12 May 1688. He farmed on ‘Langerust’ in Drakenstein (1689 - 1716) en ‘Zondernaam’ in Simondium (1699 - 1716). He also owned Watergat, currently known as Bien Donne in Franshoek. In 1690 was he was described as a "'n siek man met 'n vrou en een kind". He went on to have 3 sons and 3 daughters.
  • MALAN: Jacques was afkomstig/coming van/of/from Merindol, France. Hy/he was getroud/married met/with/to Elizabeth le Long, weduwee/widow van/of/from Jean Jourdaan/to (Jourdaan), en/& dogter/daughter van/of/from Jean le Long, 1st einaar/owner van/of/from ‘Boschendal’ in Drakenstein.
  • MALHERBE: Gideon het/did as jong/young man met/with/to die/the ‘Voorschoten’ hier/here aan/to wal gestap/landed. Hy/he was afkomstig/coming van/of/from Laons in Normandy en/& is hier/here met/with/to Marie Grillion in die/the huwelik/marriage bevestig/settled.
  • MARAIS: Charles Marais was ook/also onder/under die/the 1st Hugenote wat/that met/with/to die/the ‘Voorschoten’ gearriveer/arrived het/did. Sy/His vrou/woman, Catherine Taboureaux, en/& 4 kinders/children het/did hom/him vergesel / accompanied. Sy/His plaas/farm ‘Le plessis Marle’ is vernoem/named na/after sy/ /his geboorte/birth dorp/town. Nie/not ‘n/a jaar/year na/to/after sy/she/her/his aankom/come s nie/not is Hy/he ongelukkig/unhappily deur/by ‘n/a Hottentot vermoor/murdered.
  • MEYER: The progenitor, Pierre Meyer came from Dauphine in France. He arrived in Table Bay 12 May 1688 on the ‘Borssenburg,’ having sailed from Texel, Netherlands. He was one of the first deacons of the Huguenot community, and married Aletta de Savoye, daughter of Jacques de Savoye and Madeleine le Clercq.
  • MINNAAR: Jean Mesnard (from Provence) came on the ‘Berg China’ with his wife, Louise Courbonne, & 6 children. All the Minnaars stem from his his son, Philippe - who married Jeanne Mouy.
  • MOUTON: Jacques Mouton from Steenwerck nearby Lille arrived in 1699 on the Donkervliet from Middelburg, Zeeland with 3 daughters whose mother Maride Villiers either died on board or soon after disembarking . His first wife & 3 children had stayed in Europe. He was later a farmer on the farm ‘Steenwerck,' near to Porterville and married a third time to Francina Bervanage.
  • NAUDE: This family originated in Metz, and settled in Berlin as refugees. Jacques (Jacob) Naude was the first to arrive in 1718 on the the ‘Abbekerk'. His father, Philipp, was professor in Maths at the Berlin Academy. His brother's child, Philipp Jakob, arrived 37yrs later, in 1754 on the‘Slooten’ as a soldier in the service of the VOC.
  • NEL: Guillaume Néel (Nel) from Rouaan came as a refugee in 1691,with his wife, Jeanne de la Batte on the ship de Schelde. They lived at ‘Blauwklip’ in Stellenbosch. This couple has been identifed as the source of the genes for Fanconi Anemia in the Afrikaner population of South Africa.
  • NORTJE: Although 3 members of the Nourtier or Nortier family came from Calais, namely Jacob Naude married to Margaretha Mouton; Jean Nortje & Daniel Nortje, all the Nortje descendants in SA derive from Daniel & his wife Marie Vitout. They came out on the ‘Oosterland’ and had all been in the service of the merchant, Jacques de Savoye.
  • PIENAAR: Jacques Pinard vanaf/from Drouais het/did met/with/to sy/she/her/his 21 yr old bruid/bride, Hester Fouche, saam/together met/with/to die/the 1st groep/group Hugenote aangekom/arrived . Hy/he was ‘n/a skrynwerker/carpenter van/of/from beroep/calling, maar/but het/did ook/also in Klein-Drakenstein geboer/farm/farmer. Hy/he hertrou/remarried met/with/to Marthe le Fevre. Pieter, ‘n/a kleinseun/grandson van/of/from die/the stamvader/progenitor , was 1 van/of/from die/the 1st ontdekkingsreisigers/discoverers (explorers) wat/that SWA deurris/travelled through het/did .
  • RETIEF: François Retif came from Blois on the 'Borssenburg' as a young man of 25, his sister Anne Retief and settled on the farm ‘La Paris’. 12 yrs later, he married the 15yr old Marie Mouy. They had 9 children, of which 3 die young.
  • ROUSSEAU / ROUSSOUW / ROSSOUW: Pierre van/of/from Menars-la-Ville naby/near to Blois het/did in 1689 aan/to die/the Kaap gearriveer/arrived . Hy/he was behalwe heemraad ook/also 1 van/of/from die/the 1st diakens/deacons . Hy/he was getroud/married met/with/to Anne Retief en/& het/did op/on die/the plaas/farm L’Arc d’Orleans in Drakenstein gewoon. Na/to/after sy/she/her/his vrou/woman/wife se/’s dood is Hy/he met/with/to Geertruy du toit getroud/married .
  • ROUX: Paul Roux, from Orange, arrived here in 1688 on the ‘Berg China’. On 8 Nov, the same year, he is appointed as teacher, reader & sick comforter for the French community in Drakenstein. He was 1st married to Claudia Seugnat, & afterwards to Elisabeth Couvret, a widow & progenitor of the Cilliers.
  • SENEKAL:die/the stamvader/progenitor van/of/from die/the Senecal-familie/family was afkomstig/coming van/of/from die/the ppe in Normandy. Hy/he het/did in 1688 via Nederland met/with/to die/the ‘Zuid Beveland’ uit/out gekom/come /came . Hy/he en/& sy/she/her/his vrou/woman/wife Marie Madelein du Puis het/did 11 kinders/children gehad/had.
  • TAILLEFERT / TAILLEFER: Isaac Taillefert Isaac Taillefer vanaf/from Brie in France, hy/he was a milliner/hoedemaker, boer/farmer en/and diaken/deacon in Chateau Thierry. Hy/He het/did dan/then ‘n/a wyn boer/ winefarmer in Monneaux geword/became. Hy/ Hy het/did in SA aangekom/arrived aan/on boord/board die/the "Oosterland' met/with sy/his vrou/wife, Susanna Briet – uit/from die/the vallei/valley van/of Essomes (sy/she besit/owned wingerde/vineyards in Monneaux – en/and 6 kinders/children. In 1690 was hy/he die/the eienaar/owner van/of die/the plase/farms Normandië and Picardië.
  • TERBLANCHE / TERREBLANCHE: Etienne van/of/from Toulon het/did hom/him in Klein-Drakenstein gevestig/settled en/& is eers in 1713 met/with/to Marthe le Fevre, weduwee/widow van/of/from Jacques Pinard, getroud/married . Van/of/from Hulle/their/they 4 kinders/children isdie/the oudste/oldest 2 ongetroud/unmarried/married /married oorlede/died, en/& 1 was ‘n/a dogter/daughter , met/with/to die/the gevolg datdie/the hele familie/family van/of/from Pierre afstam. Hy/he het/did hom/him in die/the S Cape gevestig/settled .
  • THERON: Jacques Therond, came from Nimes, Languedoc, in 1688 on the ‘Oosterland’, & settled in the Klein-Drakenstein area. He was a heemraad, & later an owner on the farm Languedoc. Hs spouse was was Marie Jean, daughter of the Huguenot, Des Pres.
  • VILJOEN: Francois Villion (Viljoen), afkomstig/coming van/of/from Clermont, was reeds/already teen/at 1671 aan/to die/the Cape. In 1676 trou Hy/he met/with/to Cornelia Campenaar. In 1692 is die/the plaas/farm ‘Idasvallei’ te/to/in Stellenbosch aan/to hom/him toegeken/awarded. Van/of/from sy/she/her/his 6 kinders/children is 1 jonk/young oorlede/died.
  • VIVIER(S): Abraham en/& sy/she/her/his 2 broers/brothers, Jacques en/& Pierre, het/did vanaf/from le Preche gekom/came en/& in Daljosafat gaan/to boer/farm. 2 broers/brothers is ongetroud/unmarried oorlede/died, en/& Abraham, getroud/married met/with/to Jacquemine des Pres, is die/the stamvader/progenitor van/of die/the familie/family. Hy/he het/did die/the plaas/farm ‘Schoongezicht’ in Daljosafat ontvang/received .

LIST OF HUGUENOT FARMS (Please Add):

The first farms were on the slopes of the Groot Drakenstein and Simonsberg Mountains (About 70km out of Cape Town). Here, grew up villages like Paarl; Franschoek (originally 'le Coin Français' - "the French Corner'), Wagenmakersvallei (now Wellington) and Het Land van Waveren (now Tulbagh). Those couple who had arrived before 1688 received farms in Stellenbosch, and the non-farmers were typically settled in Table Valley (now Cape Town). Many of the farms were named after the areas in France from which their owners came: La Motte, La Cotte, Cabriere, Provence, Chamonix, Dieu Donne and La Dauphine.

PAARL / DRAKENSTEIN / FRANSCHOEK / WELLINGTON :

  • Jean de Buis (de Buys) het/did in Knolle Vallei/ Drakenstein geboer/farm.
  • Jacques de Villiers Huguenot owner of 'La Bri' wine farm, farmed with his brothers on 'Bosch en Dal'
  • Jacques Malan Huguenot owner of 'de Hoop' - now called 'Simonsig' - wine farm
  • Jacques Delporte Huguenot owner of the farm 'Ontdekkers'- vlei naby St. Omar, Daljosafat between 1721 & 1733 - now, possibly, a nursery on 'St Omer' Farm
  • Louis Cordier Huguenot owner of the farm 'Bethel' in 1692, now, possibly 'Nantes' at Paarl Mountain
  • Francois du Toit - Huguenot owner of ‘Die Kleine Bos’ in Dal Josaphat; ‘Zoetnedal’ – an annex to Wagenmakers Vallei; & ‘Limiet Rivier on the Compagnies Rivier, Waveren, above the Company’s Old Post
  • Hercule du Preez Huguenot owner of the farm 'De Zoete Inval', in 1692, now Paarl Station & East of it
  • Guillaume du Toit – Huguenot owner of ‘Aan’t Pad’, Stellenbosch; & ‘Sonques Deurdrift’ over Berg River (in the Malemsbury district)
  • Louis Fourie Huguenot owner of 'Slangrivier' wine farm in 1699 - on the slopes of Groenberg Mt in Wellington Valley
  • Philippe Foucher (Fouché), van/of/from Orleanais was saam/together met/with/to sy/his vrou/woman, Anne Souchay were established on the farm 'de Wilde Paardenjacht', Drakenstein, Paarl.
  • Pierre Jacob Huguenot owner of 'De Goede Hoop' farm in 1688 in the Groot Drakenstein, now Dwarsrivier Valley
  • Ignace Mare - Huguenot farmer of ‘De Groene Kloof’; ‘Langefontein’; ‘Elsjeskraal "aan de Tygerberg"’ in 1714, and ‘St. Omar’ in Daljosafat in 1723 - now, possibly, a nursery on 'St Omer' Farm
  • Pierre Lombard farmed on ‘Langerust’ in Drakenstein (1689 - 1716) en ‘Zondernaam’ in Simondium (1699 - 1716). He also owned the farm Watergat, currently known as Bien Donne in Franshoek
  • Hercule Verdeau was allocated the farm 'Champagne' was first allocated to Hercule Verdeau in 1699. In 1711, he bought his second property at the Cape, the farm Wildepaardejacht which was first allocated on 28 February 1699 to fellow Huguenot Philippe Foucher of Suevres, France. After his death Fouche's widow sold the farm to Hercule Verdeau. Today the farm is known as the residence of former President FW de Klerk & his wife Elita.
  • Pierre Labuscaigne The property Pontac was named on the 5th of August 1723 by the first owner, Pierre de Labuschagne. A native of the Bordeaux region in France, Pierre was a keen admirer of the courtly du Pontac family which governed the area at the time. He named the estate after his mentor Francois Auguste du Pontac. The extent of the Estate at that time was 2 Morgan 6 roods and 5 feet of land below Paarl Rock.

TULBAGH / LAND VAN WAVERN:

DALJOSAFAT

STELLENBOSCH

??

Josue Cellier Hy/he was ‘n/a timmerman/carpenter van/of beroep/calling, maar/but het/did ‘n/a goeie/good kennis/knowledge van/of land en/& wingerdbou/viticulture gehad/have. Hy/he het/did ‘Het Kruijs Pad, Bottelary’ besit/owned


HUGUENOT SHIPS TO THE CAPE Sub-Project

  • VRIJHEIJT 23 June 1686
    • du Toit
  • EEMSLAND 13 October 1687
    • de Péronne
  • BOSWIJK c1687
    • Veron
  • VOORSCHOOTEN arrived Saldanha Bay 13 April 1688, arrived on JUPITER in Cape 8 May 1688
    • Days: 130. People: 192. Deaths: 1 (0.52 %)
    • Marais, le Roux, Fouché, Souchay, Pinard, Tabourdeaux, Malherbe, Bruére, Sabatier, Basché, Godefroy, Grillion, Machepaste
  • SPIERDIJK 23 April 1688
    • Days: 115. People: 173. Deaths: 21 (12.4%)
    • Gauch
  • OOSTERLAND 25 April 1688
    • Days: 87. People: 325. Deaths: 4 ( 1.23%)
    • Taillefert, de Savoye, le Clercq, du Plessis, Imbert, Nourtier, Avicé, Cochet, Menanteau, Carnoy, Cloudon, Cronier, Therond, de Bus, Briet, Vitu
  • BORSSENBURG 12 May 1688
    • Days:127. People:101. Deaths: 4 (3.96 %)
    • Rousseau, Hugo, Retif, Meyer, Couteau, Lombard, Avicé, Grillion, Martineau
  • DE SCHELDE 5 June 1688
    • Days: 107. People: 241. Deaths: 11 (4.56 %)
    • Jacobs, Prevot, des Prez, Néel, de Vos, Terrier, Bleuset, le Fébre, d'Atis, de la Batte, Gros
  • (BERG) CHINA 4 August 1688
    • Days: 140. People: 305. Deaths: 20 (6.56%)
    • Mesnard , Anthonarde, Jourdaan, Rousse, Courbonne, Courbon, Pellanchon, Goiraud , Joubert, Reyne, Mallan , Verdette, Verdeau, Mille, Roi , Frachas , Long , Furet (Jansz van Son, de Wit, van den Berg, Verbeek, van Capelle, van der Bout, Janse van der Zee, Eltrop)
  • ZUID BEVELAND 19 August 1688
    • Days: 120. People: 213. Deaths: 14 (6.57 %)
    • Cordier, Caucheteux, Vivier, Martinet, des Ruelles, Goudalle, Simond, de Gournay, le Long, Viret, Sénéchal, de Bérault
  • WAPPEN VAN ALKEMAAR 27 January 1689
    • Gardiol, Seugnet, Fourie, Gardé, le Roux, Benezet, Labat, Rochefort, Aubanelle, Amiel, du Rand, Perrotette, Roux, Martin, Brasier, Barré, Bouvat, Batté
  • ZION 6 May 1689
    • de Villiers, Rosier
  • AGATHA 19 August 1693
    • Legeret
  • VOSMAAR 16 Oct 1696
    • Bisseau, le Febvre, Sézille
  • WESTHOVEN 16 June 1699
    • Potier
  • DRIEBERGEN 3 September 1698
    • Cronier, le Riche, Drouin, Duthuilé
  • CATTENDYK 13 April 1699
    • de la Porte, Vitu
  • DONKERVLIET 20 July 1699
    • Mouton, Mouy, de Villiers
  • HELMEET 1700
    • Bevernagie
  • REIJGERSDAAL 22 August 1700
    • Couvret, Vallète, Cellier, Posseaux
  • BELOIJS 6 February 1706
    • Huibaux
  • GENERALEVREDE 25 January 1708
    • d'Ailly, de Potter
  • STRIJKKEBOLLE 14 Oct 1714
    • Migault
  • SLEEWIJK 22 August 1714
    • le Sage
  • KOCKENGEN 24 March 1714
    • Faure
  • ABBERKERK 19 May 1718
    • Naudé
  • MEIJNDEN 1 October 1719
    • de Saint-Jean
  • HUIS TE ASSENBURG 12 April 1723
    • Blignault
  • BERBICES 22 October 1726
    • Guilliaumé, Eloy
  • MIDLOO 1729
    • Le Sueur

A Note on Medieval French Naming Traditions

"It will strike the modern reader as strange that the lady was styled Mademoiselle after as before her marriage, and the use of the title needs a word in passing. The general use of Madame to designate a married woman dates only from the 17th century and even then it came slowly into use. In earlier days the title was reserved for ladies of a certain rank somewhat as ' Lady ' is used in England. These favoured few were the wives of ' les grands ', of the princes of the blood, semi-sovereign princes, Marshals of France, certain of the highest nobility, and of the chevaliers des ordres ; also the King's daughters and abbesses and prioresses ; all these could claim the title of Madame. For other women, whether noble or bour- geoise, wed or single, Mademoiselle was the only title in use.

But whereas in the case of a bourgeoise the husband's or the father's family name followed the title the noble- woman would almost certainly have made use of a territorial name. Montaigne protested against the habit.

" It is a vile habit and one fraught with evil for France for people to be called after their estates, and one that occasions more confusion of families than any other thing. A cadet of good family, who receives as his portion an estate, whose name he bears with credit, cannot abandon it with honour. Ten years after his death the land passes to a stranger, who in his turn bears the title."

Montaigne felt the loss of the hereditary honour which could cling round a name handed down from generation to generation, but he also felt the confusion which arose from the habit he condemns. Every child, girls as well as boys, might bear a different name and much of the significance of events in history may be lost by those who fail to realize relationships through the maze of names.

In England the eldest son of a peer may bear, by courtesy, some secondary title belonging to his father ; his brothers will use the family surname. In France not only great noblemen, like the Constable Montmorenci, whose five sons were known as Montmorenci, Damville, Montberan, Meru and de Thore, but the sons of every little squire with a small property or two to divide was known by a different name. Thus in the Mornay family the eldest son was de Buhy, the second du Plessis Marly the third de Beaunes; their uncle was d'Aubleville and his son Villarceaux, and so on throughout the whole nobility of France. And furthermore, as Montaigne complains, should the property pass into other hands the name went with it and the nobles saw springing up a new class of rich bourgeois proprietors ' roturiers ' who bought the right to use the name along with the territory to which it belonged.

One other point is worth calling attention to. On marriage an Englishwoman loses her maiden name and henceforth in legal signatures as in common parlance uses only her husband's surname. An old traveller in England noticed this as one of the peculiarities of the subjection of a woman to her husband.

" Wives," he says, " are entirely in the power of their husbands, their lives only excepted. Therefore when they marry they give up the surname of their father and take the surnames of their husbands."

In France this is not so. A woman never loses her father's surname and signs with it, at least in all legal documents, after as before marriage. Mile, de Buhy was Madeleine de Bee Crespin till her death, just as du Plessis' wife was Charlotte d'Arbaleste whenever she signed a letter, in spite of her first marriage to de Feuqueres and her second to du Plessis. http://archive.org/stream/huguenotfamilyin00mornuoft/huguenotfamilyin00mornuoft_djvu.txt

REFERENCES, INCLUDING ONLINE RESOURCES:

(Search, using the individual Chapter Names below, to download each as a pdf):

  • CHAPTER FIVE Cape settlers I: from the Loire to the Channel
  • CHAPTER SIX Cape settlers II: from the Rhone to the Atlantic
  • CHAPTER SEVEN Cape settlers III: from south-eastern France and adjoining territories
  • CHAPTER EIGHT Cape settlers IV: from Burgundy to Picardy
  • CHAPTER NINE Cape settlers V: from Flanders to Alsace on the turbulent frontier
  • CHAPTER TEN Some company men and callers at the Cape
  • CHAPTER ELEVEN No permanent refuge

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