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French Wars of Religion (1562–98)

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  • General François de Coligny, Comte de Coligny and Seigeur de Châtillon-sur-Loing (1557 - 1591)
    François de Coligny (1557–1591) comte de Coligny and seigeur de Châtillon-sur-Loing was a French Protestant general of the Wars of Religion. He was the son of Gaspard II de Coligny (1519–1572), Admir...
  • Odet de Coligny, Cardinal de Chatillon (1517 - 1571)
    Odet de Coligny (10 July 1517 – 14 February 1571) was a French cardinal of Châtillon, bishop of Beauvais, son of Gaspard I de Coligny and Louise de Montmorency, and brother of Gaspard and François, S...
  • Ruloff de Kype, Jr. (c.1510 - 1569)
    Ruloff De Kype [5] was born in 1510 in Alencon, Bretagne, France. General Notes: Ruloff De Kype was a warm adherent of the Guises, and took a prominent part in the Civil War between the Catholics a...
  • Sir Francis Darcy, Kt., MP (c.1558 - 1641)
    Sir Francis Darcy (died 29 November 1641) was an English soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1601 and 1629. Darcy was the son of Sir Arthur Darcy. His gran...
  • Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal de Richelieu (1585 - 1642)
    Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac (French pronunciation: ʁiʃəljø ) Born 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman, noble and statesman. Consecrated ...

French Wars of Religion

The French Wars of Religion (1562–98) is the name given to a period of civil infighting and military operations, primarily fought between French Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). The conflict involved the factional disputes between the aristocratic houses of France, such as the House of Bourbon and House of Guise (Lorraine), and both sides received assistance from foreign sources.

The exact number of wars and their respective dates are the subject of continued debate by historians; some assert that the Edict of Nantes in 1598 concludes the wars, although a resurgence of rebellious activity following this leads some to believe the Peace of Alais in 1629 is the actual conclusion. However, the Massacre of Vassy in 1562 is agreed to begin the Wars of Religion and the Edict of Nantes at least ended this series of conflicts. During this time, complex diplomatic negotiations and agreements of peace were followed by renewed conflict and power struggles.

At the conclusion of the conflict in 1598, Huguenots were granted substantial rights and freedoms by the Edict of Nantes, though it did not end hostility towards them. The wars weakened the authority of the monarchy, already fragile under the rule of Francis II and then Charles IX, though it later reaffirmed its role under Henry IV.