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Grand Dukes of Lithuania

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  • Traidenis, Grand Duke of Lithuania (c.1234 - c.1282)
    Traidenis (Polish: Trojden, Belarusian: Трайдзень) (died 1282) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1270 (or 1269) till 1282. He is the se...
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  • Augustus III, King of Poland (1696 - 1763)
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  • Stanisław I Leszczyński, King of Poland (1677 - 1766)
    Stanislas Leszczyński (Stanisław Leszczyński en polonais) est né à Lwów en Pologne, le 20 octobre 1677 et mort à Lunéville, le 23 fé...
  • Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland (1670 - 1733)
    Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece August der Starke/August the Strong August Mocny Links: The Peerage Geneall Wikipedia Elector of Saxony: Reign 27 April 1694 – 1 Februa...

The Grand Dukes of Lithuania, c1200 - 1569

From King Mindaugas to Sigismund III.

The state of Lithuania formed in 1230s, when threatened by the Livonian Order in the north and the Teutonic Knights in the west, Baltic tribes united under Mindaugas leadership. He became the only crowned king of Lithuania. His state became known as Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

After Grand Duke Jogaila became also king of Poland in 1386, the two states became closer connected and since 1440 both were ruled by a common ruler. In 1569 Union of Lublin was signed and a new entity—the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth—emerged.

Early Grand Dukes (1236–1291)

Gediminid Dynasty (1291–1440)

Jagiellon Dynasty (1440–1572)

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795)

The act of personal union with Poland was signed as early as 1385, however, continuous line of common rulers of the two countries started only with Casimir IV (even then Polish and Lithuanians twice selected different rulers following earlier common monarch's death, but the Lithuanian one always eventually assumed Polish throne). The monarchs retained separate titles for both parts of the state, and their numbering was kept separately. The Jagiellon dynasty was a direct continuation of the Gediminid dynasty.

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