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Grand Dukes of Lithuania

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  • prince Dausprungas (c.1215 - d.)
    DAUSPRUNGAS (-[1238]).He succeeded Živinbudas [after 1219] as DAUSPRUNGAS Grand Duke of Lithuania. The name of Dausprungas's wife is not known. Dausprungas & his wife had one child, a daughter.== Links...
  • Domantas, Duke of Lithuania (c.1246 - c.1285)
    Note: Not the same person as Daumantas, Prince of Pskov. Daumantas died 1285 He succeeded in 1282 as Daumantas Grand Duke of Lithuania. He died on campaign in north-east Rus. Links MedLands Pro...
  • Gediminas, King of Lithuania (c.1255 - c.1341)
    ============== Gediminas (ca. 1275 – winter 1341) was the monarch of medieval Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the title didysis kunigaikštis (Belarusian: вялікі князь) which would be literally tr...
  • Jaunutis, King of Lithuania, Prince of Iziaslavl (1301 - c.1366)
    ============== Jaunutis (literally young man, Ruthenian: Jewnut, Polish: Jawnuta, Belarusian: Jaunut (Яўнут), baptized: Iwan; ca. 1300 – after 1366) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from his father ...
  • Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania (1296 - 1377)
    is Gedymin / Gediminas and Mother is Jewna / Jauné / Jaune (Iewa). Olgierd / Algirdas : (The first 1.wife, Maria Yaroslavna Witebskaja/ Vitebsk, second 2.wife, Uliana/ Yuliyana/ Juliana Alexandrovna, P...

The Grand Dukes of Lithuania, c1200 - 1569

From King Mindaugas to Sigismund III.

The state of Lithuania formed in 1230s, when threatened by the Livonian Order in the north and the Teutonic Knights in the west, Baltic tribes united under Mindaugas leadership. He became the only crowned king of Lithuania. His state became known as Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

After Grand Duke Jogaila became also king of Poland in 1386, the two states became closer connected and since 1440 both were ruled by a common ruler. In 1569 Union of Lublin was signed and a new entity—the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth—emerged.

Early Grand Dukes (1236–1291)

Gediminid Dynasty (1291–1440)

Jagiellon Dynasty (1440–1572)

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795)

The act of personal union with Poland was signed as early as 1385, however, continuous line of common rulers of the two countries started only with Casimir IV (even then Polish and Lithuanians twice selected different rulers following earlier common monarch's death, but the Lithuanian one always eventually assumed Polish throne). The monarchs retained separate titles for both parts of the state, and their numbering was kept separately. The Jagiellon dynasty was a direct continuation of the Gediminid dynasty.