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Grand Dukes of Lithuania

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  • Augustus III, King of Poland (1696 - 1763)
    Links: The Peerage Geneall Wikipedia: English Deutsch Polski King of Poland: Reign 1734 – 5 October 1763 Predecessor: Stanisław Leszczyński Successor: Stanisław August Poniatowski
  • Henri III de Valois, King of France (1551 - 1589)
    Henryk III Walezy Henry III (19 September 1551 – 2 August 1589, born Alexandre-Édouard de Valois-Angoulême was King of France from 1574 to 1589. As Henry of Valois, he was the first elected mon...
  • Kestutis, Grand Duke of Lithuania (1297 - 1382)
    Kęstutis (pronounced /kæsˈtuːtıs/; born ca. 1297, died on August 3 or August 15, 1382 in Kreva) was monarch of medieval Lithuania. He ruled the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 1381–82, with his brother Algir...
  • Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania (c.1255 - c.1341)
    ============== Gediminas (ca. 1275 – winter 1341) was the monarch of medieval Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the title didysis kunigaikštis (Belarusian: вялікі князь) which would be literally tr...
  • Stanisław I Leszczyński, King of Poland (1677 - 1766)
    Stanislas Leszczyński (Stanisław Leszczyński en polonais) est né à Lwów en Pologne, le 20 octobre 1677 et mort à Lunéville, le 23 février 1766. Il fut roi de Pologne de 1704 à 1709 et de 1733...

The Grand Dukes of Lithuania, c1200 - 1569

From King Mindaugas to Sigismund III.

The state of Lithuania formed in 1230s, when threatened by the Livonian Order in the north and the Teutonic Knights in the west, Baltic tribes united under Mindaugas leadership. He became the only crowned king of Lithuania. His state became known as Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

After Grand Duke Jogaila became also king of Poland in 1386, the two states became closer connected and since 1440 both were ruled by a common ruler. In 1569 Union of Lublin was signed and a new entity—the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth—emerged.

Early Grand Dukes (1236–1291)

Gediminid Dynasty (1291–1440)

Jagiellon Dynasty (1440–1572)

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795)

The act of personal union with Poland was signed as early as 1385, however, continuous line of common rulers of the two countries started only with Casimir IV (even then Polish and Lithuanians twice selected different rulers following earlier common monarch's death, but the Lithuanian one always eventually assumed Polish throne). The monarchs retained separate titles for both parts of the state, and their numbering was kept separately. The Jagiellon dynasty was a direct continuation of the Gediminid dynasty.