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Profiles

  • Henry Merrifield, of Dorchester (c.1619 - 1687)
    Parents unknown. Biography Henry1 Merrifield, Sr. was born 1619 in England, and died April 14, 1687 in Dorchester, MA1. He married Margaret ?? 1642.She was born 16202,3,4, and died July 06, 1688 ...
  • John Williams, of Haverhill (c.1605 - 1674)
    The origins and parents of John Williams are unknown. This profile previously gave John Williams (died 1650 in Newbury, Berkshire, England) and Elizabeth Williams as his parents. There are only old onl...
  • Roger Porter (c.1583 - 1654)
    Biography Roger Porter , listed in the ship passenger manifest as "of Long Sutton in the county of South, Husbandman, [age] 55", immigrated to New England on the Ship Confidence, April of 1638 with ...
  • Moses Foster, of Ipswich (1697 - 1785)
    Not the same as Moses Foster, of Chelmsford & Ashburnham Moses Foster, Sr. Gender: Male Birth: October 04, 1697 Ipswich, Essex County, Massachusetts Death: October 17, 1785 (88) Ipswich, Essex...
  • Robert Moulton, of Hemsby (c.1577 - 1633)
    Not the same as Robert ‘the Ship Builder’ Moulton Biography Robert Moulton was born circa 1577 in Scratby Parish, Ormesby, Norfolk, England. He was a Husbandman. Robert married Mary (Smyth) Eastow...

A husbandman in England in the medieval and early modern period was a free tenant farmer or small landowner. The social status of a husbandman was below that of a yeoman. The meaning of "husband" in this term is "master of house" rather than "married man".


It has also been used to mean a practitioner of animal husbandry, or in perhaps more modern language, a rancher.


For a farmer or grower in general, see Farmers or Growers


Origin and etymology The term husband refers to Middle English huseband, from Old English hūsbōnda, from Old Norse hūsbōndi (hūs, "house" + bōndi, būandi, present participle of būa, "to dwell", so, etymologically, "a householder").


From Social Structure - Husbandman

The rural workforce

Below the yeoman came the husbandman This was a farmer working his own land and producing enough to feed his family and sell a small surplus on the market. The average husbandman's farm would have been about thirty acres and he would have had an income of c. £15 p.a.

Much of the seventeenth-century literature on agricultural improvement was directed at the husbandman as well as larger farmers.

In years of bad harvest, husbandmen might be forced to work as hired labor for others. But in good years they would have a disposable income of (perhaps) £3 after all expenses.


"Sir, I am a true labourer: I earn that I eat, get that I wear, owe no man hate, envy no man's happiness, glad of other men's good, content with my harm, and the greatest of my pride is to see my ewes graze and my lambs suck." (As you like it, 3.2)


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