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Jewish Families from Berezhany (Brzezany), the "Heart of Galicia"

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  • William Wolf Stockknopf (1898 - aft.1943)
    Wolf Wilhelm STOCK(K)NOPF: b. 24 Jan 1898, Brzezany - d. after 4 March 1943, Sobibor/Majdanek, HOLOCAUSTBasic marriage data from IKG-Wien archives courtesy of www.genteam.atNr. 345250 Familienname Wärt...
    Amelia Estreicher (1878 - 1955)
  • Markus Spindel (1892 - aft.1942)
    Marriage: LITOMĚŘICE (o. Litoměřice) 1060 O 1868-1949 image 63/70Death record: Born 22. 03. 1892* Last residence before deportation: Prague I* Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague ...
  • Shlomo Frisch (1849 - 1874)
  • Mordechai Frisch (1838 - 1889)

Berezhany, the "Heart of Galicia"

The town of Berezhany, like so many other Galitzianer towns, has undergone many avatars, and its geo-political history is reflected in the multiplicity of town-names: Brzeżany, Brizan, Barzan, Berson, Berzhan, Brezan, Brzezhany, Bzezan, Bzhezhani, Bereschany, Berezany, and Бережани. Called the “very heart of Galicia,” Berezhany has existed under Austro-Hungarian, Polish, and Soviet dominion, and is today a city of about 20,000 people, in the Ternopil Oblast (formerly Tarnopol) of Ukraine. It is located along the Zolota Lypa (river), at 49.4500, 24.9333 - 49°27' N, 24°56' E. Pogroms forced many Berezhany Jews to emigrate at the end of the 19th century, with the Jewish population being virtually obliterated during the Holocaust.

Jews began to populate Berezhany probably in the 16th century, swelling to a population of around 100 Jewish families in the 17th century. The town became a center of Jewish learning and seat of several synagogues. The so-called large synagogue was erected there in 1718, and still stands, though it was used by various invading forces as a granary. There are some signs of restoration to the synagogue and other Jewish monuments. The Jewish cemetery was damaged during WW I, partially restored between the two World Wars, and almost completely demolished during WW II.

Probably the best-known Berezhaner is the Gaon Rabbi Sholem Mordechai Shwadron, referred to by the acronym “the Maharsham.”

Jewish population of Berezhany actually grew under Soviet rule, increasing to about 12,000 people in 1941, the bulk of them refugees fleeing wars in Europe. Nazi occupation included mass killings and deportation. The Berezhany Memorial (Yizkor) Book may be seen on JewishGen, and includes a searchable martyrs’ list. A history of the Berezhany Jewish Community’’’ is also included. There are more than 1000 records of Holocaust victims associated with Berezhany on YadVashem’’’. researchers are encouraged to add profiles to this project and to add to the project itself.


Individuals from Berezhany

  1. Leiser Bezahler (c.1803 - 1877)
  2. Abraham Leber
  3. Fischel Leber
  4. Gittel Feige Bernsohn
  5. Chaim Wolf Leber (c.1850 - 1894)
  6. Hersch Mantel (c.1882 - d.)
  7. Leon Mantel (c.1876 - 1963)
  8. Jacob Mantel (c.1872 - d.)
  9. Chaim Mantel (1864 - 1864)
  10. Riwke Mantel (1862 - 1863)
  11. Beile Podoszyn (Leber)
  12. Elias Podoszyn
  13. Samuel Mendel Mantel
  14. Celia Mantel(c.1879 - d.)
  15. Chaje Rubinzahl (c.1860 - d.)
  16. Malie Schmier (c.1868 - d.)