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Jewish Families from Hostouň, Bohemia, Czech Republic

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  • Joseph Freiler (1833 - 1884)
    Chicago Tribune, August 8, 1884, Page 8: Josph Freiler, a saloon keeper, running a bar at the northeast corner of Lake and South Water, was found dead in a room over the saloon, the body sitting uprigh...
  • Samuel Ballenberger (1772 - 1854)
    Death record (Trebotov): (book 804 p. 15) Translation: Ballenberger, Samuel Jacob, local rabbi, born in Bamberg, Bavaria, origin of Choteč in the Smichow court and administration district, Praha county...
  • Rosina Fradl Motz (1756 - 1833)
  • Ludmilla Steiner (1804 - d.)
    HOSTOUŇ (o. Kladno) 505 N 1799-1839 image 4
  • Herman Singer (1814 - 1880)
    Birth record: HOSTOUŇ (o. Kladno) 505 N 1799-1839 image 15

This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the village of Hostouň in the Kladno District in the Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic.

Cemeteries data available from Chewra:

nová [http://www.chewra.com/keshetnew/kweb/location_tombs.aspx?lid=483&kid=0]

stará [http://www.chewra.com/keshetnew/kweb/location_tombs.aspx?lid=083&kid=0]

From Beit HatFutSot:

German: Hostoun

A village in the Kladno District, Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic

Hostoun is located approximately 4 miles (7km) southeast of the district town of Kladno. Until 1918 the region was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Between the two World Wars, and between the end of World War II and 1993, it was part of the Republic of Czechoslovakia.

The Prague Jewish community owns the cemetery in Hostoun and funds its maintenance. A number of tombstones are still standing, and are written in Hebrew, Czech, and German.

HISTORY

The Jewish community of Hostoun, which was most probably established during the first half of the 16th century, also incorporated Jews from 21 small villages in the area. The first official record of a Jewish presence in the village dates to 1792.

Among the rabbis of the community were Rabbi Nathaniel of Hostoun, who served at the end of the 18th century, Rabbi Yehezkel Landau, Rabbi Elazar Flekles, and Rabbi Joseph.(who served around 1817). A synagogue was built in Hostoun during the first half of the 19th century. The community also included a community house, a school in which the language of instruction was German, and a cemetery. A new cemetery was consecrated in 1856. The community was also served by a chevra kaddisha.

In 1852 there were 64 Jewish families living in the village, and Rabbi Dr. M. Asher served the community. In 1921 there were 21 Jews living in Hostoun. At that point, the Jews of Hostoun primarily spoke Czech. The community's leader was Joseph Kohn, and the rabbi was Max Schwartz.

In 1930 there were only 35 Jews remaining in Hostoun, 5 of whom declared their nationality as Jewish.

THE HOLOCAUST

The Munich Agreement of September 1938 resulted in the dissolution of the Republic of Czechoslovakia. On March 15, 1939, the region of Bohemia and Moravia became a protectorate of Nazi Germany, ushering in a period of discrimination and violence against the region's Jews.

Beginning in 1941 the Germans began to concentrate the Jews of the protectorate in the Terezin (Teresienstadt) Ghetto. From there they were deported to concentration and death camps.

Official text written by Researchers of The Museum of The Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot

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The Synagogue in Hostoun, Czechoslovakia c1930

The synagogue in Hostoun, Czechoslovakia c1930. (Beth Hatefutsoth Photo Archive) Beit Hatfutsot Databases