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Jewish Families from Ivančice (Eibenschütz), Moravia, Czech Republic

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This project seeks to list representatives of the Jewish families from the Moravian town of Ivančice (Eibenschütz) in today's Czech Republic.

IVANCICE (Czech Ivančice [ˈɪvantʃɪtsɛ]; Ger. Eibenschütz, Eibenschitz), town in S. Moravia, Czechoslovakia. According to unattested records Jews built a synagogue there in 956, but documentary evidence of the existence of Jewish settlement begins in 1490, when three Jews of Ivančice signed as guarantors to a financial transaction.

In 1608 members of the community were exempted from paying guard duties although, along with the Christian population, they were expected to help to defend the town in emergencies. There were 27 Jewish-owned houses in 1672 and 67 in 1752. The community numbered 533 (living in 72 houses) in 1791, 797 in 1830, 619 in 1869, 400 in 1914, and 141 in 1930 (2.8% of the total population).

An important yeshivah in Ivančice had some noted rabbis, including Joseph Rakov (d. 1707), editor of a letter-writing handbook; Nathan Nata Selig of Cracow, the father of Jonathan *Eybeschuetz; Moses Karpeles (1814–28), friend of Moses *Sofer; and Beer Oppenheim (1829–59), one of the first rabbis to combine talmudic with secular scholarship. Ivančice was constituted as one of the Politische Gemeinden.

An 1846 list of Jewish heads-of-family in Ivančice appears in the middle of the Badatelna.eu file Ivančice Births N 1784-1847, starting on Image #79 of 162 in the file.

  • 1. Sinaiberger, Samuel rechte Sigmund, birth month/day Feb. 4 [Year was not asked for]; Father's name Jakob, Mother's name Mali, Haus No. 57
  • 2. Samek, Aron, Feb. 16. Father's name Lazar, Mother's name TBD; Haus No. 54. Died 27 August 1849
  • 3. Fröhlich, Abraham, March 7. Father's name unstated, Mother's name Katti Frohlich aus Kanitz; Haus No. 20. Died 22 March 1846
  • 4. Lustig, Albert, March 7. Father's name Johan, Mother's name Anna rechte Netti; Haus No. [...] 60
  • 5. Frisch, Joachim, April 22. Father's name unstated; Mother's name Juli Frisch aus Kanitz; Haus No. [unstated]. Died 3 October 1848.
  • 6. Singer rechte Schweinburg, Moses, May 14. Father's name Isak Schweinburg aus Pohrlitz; Mother's name Hani Singer aus Eibenschitz. Haus No. 37
  • 7. Wessely, Moritz, May 15. Father's name Joachim; Mother's name Kati; Haus No. "Plankowitzer..."
  • 8. Schiller, Wilhelm, May 23. Father's name Jakob, Mother's name Kati; Haus No. 40
  • 9. Sensky auch Zensky or Lensky, Bernard, May 29. Father's name Josua; Mother's name Therese rechte Resi; Haus No. 3
  • 10. Freiberger, Samuel, June 18. Father's Name Jakob, Mother's Name Kati; Haus No. 8
  • 11. Schwarz rechte Salzer, Salomon, July 14. Father's name Gershon Salzer aus Eibenschitz, Mother's name Adeline Schwarz aus Mislitz; Haus No. 23
  • 12. Bauer, Juda, August 22. Father's name David, Mother's name Frumet, Haus. No. 7

The list appears again on successive pages two more times, shorter, then picks up again with additional names (and its numbering off) on Image #81:

  • 11 (13). Wilheim, Wolf, Aug. 25 Father's name ___ Wilheim; Mother's name Ester; Haus. No. 7
  • 12 (14). Singer, Moses, Sept. 16. Father's name Leopold; Mother's Name Katti; Haus No. n/a: Died 18 Nov. 1846
  • 13 (15). Willheim, Jakob, Oct. 9. Father's name Wolf; Mother's name [not given]; Haus No. 47. Jacob Willheim family is further detailed on Image #116.
  • 14 (16). Weinberger, Lazar vulgo Alois, Nov. 12. Father's name Hermann, Mother's Name Rachel. Haus No. 39.
  • 15 number not used; no entry
  • 16 (17). Jellinek, Lazar, ? Father's name Baruch Jellinek; Mother's name Hany (geb. Lustig). Born in 1847, Lazar is noted on the list as having died 1 Nov (?) 184[illegible].

Succeeding images in the online file detail various families, not all the same ones as on the above list.

Ivančice was constituted as one of the *Politische Gemeinden. In the 1920s, it was under the guidance of R. Heinrich *Flesch of Dolni Kounice. After the *Sudetenland crisis (1938) a large refugee camp was opened in Ivančice, which existed until 1942. Under Nazi rule the community was constituted a district-community. In 1942 the Jews from Ivančice were deported to death camps. The synagogue appurtenances were transferred to the Jewish Central Museum in Prague. The synagogue building was demolished in 1950. A religious congregation existed for a short time after World War II. A number of Jewish families are named after the town of Ivančice, in variant spellings.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

B. Wachstein, in: M. Stein (ed.), Jahrbuch des traditionstreuen Rabbiner-Verbandes in der Slowakei (1923), 34–66; idem, in: H. Gold, Juden und Judengemeinden Maehrens …(1929), 183–92; R. Trpik, ibid., 75–82; Germ Jud, 1 (1963), 94.

J. Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia, (1991), 84–85.