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Jewish Families from Podivin (Kostel), Moravia, Czech Republic

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  • Eduard Weiss (1879 - aft.1943)
    Eduard WEISS WEIS: b. 8 Oct 1879, Kostel - d. after 15 Jan 1943, Auschwitz, HOLOCAUST Birth record Basic marriage data from IKG-Wien archives courtesy of Nr. 266434 Familienname W...
  • Jonas Leopold Weiss (1853 - d.)
    cf. eg. actual IKG-Wien birth registration of grandson Erwin WEISS ...
  • Helena Weiss (1854 - d.)
    Podivin bog 58 A Side 28/413Ægeteskabs bog 31/135. Ligner særeje cf. eg. actual IKG-Wien birth registration of grandson Erwin WEISS ...
  • Resie Krakauer (c.1831 - 1903)
    Resi Rösi etc. KRAKAUER KRAKAU, née HELLER?/LEVI? (LÖWY?): b. circa 1830, Kostel? - d. 1903, Nikolsburg Basic Nikolsburg marriage data courtesy of Indexes to Mikulov births, marriages, and deaths onli...
  • Otto Neumann (1883 - 1942)
    Marriage Record of Martha and Otto Neumann,line number 33 Death: Birth record

This project seeks to list representatives of all of the Jewish families from the Moravian town of Podivin (Kostel) in the Czech Republic.

Podivin (Kostel)'s Jewish community is said to be the oldest in Moravia. According to Cosmas of Prague (d. 1125), a Jew named Podiva founded (1067) the castle which was named after him "Podivin"; this is still the Slavic name of the town (Pertz, "Monumenta Germaniæ Scriptores," ix. 80; D'Elvert, "Zur Gesch. der Juden in Mähren und Oesterreich-Schlesien," pp. 49, 52, Brünn, 1895; comp. Grätz, "Gesch." vi. 61). This community may therefore be regarded in a certain sense as the mother of the Moravian communities. Local documents relating to it do not, however, reach back further than 200 years. According to popular tradition, the synagogue was built about 150 years ago. The earliest tombstones are dated 1690.

Kostel is one of the congregations of Moravia which possess the rights of a township. With its branch at Eisgrub—the summer residence of thesovereign Prince of Lichtenstein—it numbers about 500 persons (1903). Its institutions include a parochial school, a ritual bath, a ḥebra ḳaddisha, and a women's society. The officiating rabbis have been: Aron Unger, last decade of the eighteenth century; Markus Blatt, end of the eighteenth century to 1839; Samson Kulke, 1840-94, son-in-law of the late Rabbi Nehemiah Trebitsch of Nikolsburg; S. Mandl, 1895-99; present incumbent, Abraham Weiss, since 1899. The well-known ghetto poet Eduard Kulke, who portrayed in his stories types from his native community of Kostel, was a son of the above-mentioned Samson Kulke.