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Jewish Families from Spálené Poříčí (Brennporitchen), Bohemia, Czech Republic

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This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Spálené Poříčí (Brennporitschen) in Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Spálené Poříčí is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies some 20 km to the South-East from the region capital of Plzeň.

Spalene Porici, Bren-Proritschen, Brennporitchen, south of Pilsen

A Jewish settlement was here probably before 1623, but according to other sources the first Jews came here after the thirty years' war. These Jews lived in several houses in the village and the Jewish road was built in 1680. The original houses were rebuilt after being damaged by fire and floods.

One can find some original buildings here e.g. the formal school or butcher´s house, the unique house is a Jewish house with its original black kitchen divided into two parts - for milk preparation and meat preparation. The synagogue was standing until 1946 by the brook behind the Jewish house and the mikvas were situated there too. The archeological research should verify this theory.

The number of Jews was continuously increasing together with the meaning (?) of the Jewish community. In 1825 they built a hospital for pilgrims here. Later the number of Jews began to decrease. Just before World War II there were 8 men and women, who were deported. Only two women returned from the concentration camps and were later deported from the Czech republic.

An interesting life story is that of Frantisek Ehrman and his wife, who survived the holocaust because Matej Homola hid them in his house in Nechanice for 2 and half years.

The Jewish cemetery is situated on the hill on the edge of the village. It was recently reconstructed and there are several valuable old tombstones with rich sculptural decoration and some newer tombstones too.

The Jewish community was economically rich during the estate of St. Vitus capital (?). In 1865 the match works were built here ( it was a branch of Pilsen works), established by the Jewish businessman Eckstein. After this factory stopped manufacturing , the match works in Susice started to develop.

The oldest owners of the town and the fortress were members of the noble family of Rozmital. They sold the property to the cloister in Kladruby in 1239. Later on the village had a private owner again. It is not clear when the town was promoted (?); it was probably during the 16th century. The coat-of-arms was founded in the same period.

During the thirty years war the town burnt down and got its name Porici. In 1749 the town was sold to the St. Vitus capital and established a dean´s office there. The old fortress was rebuilt into the castle in renaissance style and later rebuilt again.

Recently during the reconstruction the original renaissance ceiling was found there. The castle is used by the Church college with ecological specialization. Every year they organize an ecological competition for high school students. The main hall is used for lectures and there is also an exhibition of the local crafts.

The St. Nicolas church was built in the 14th century and was rebuilt during the Baroque. The dean´s office was also rebuilt at the end of the 18th century. You can find here two memorial boards remaining of Jindrich Simon Baar and the establishing of the third Readers group in Bohemia (1820). Most of the original buildings were kept preserved and have been renovated including the farm buildings along the road to Pilsen. Some of them were built in old country style.

From, lightly edited (more is needed).

From the International Jewish Cemetery Project: SPALENE PORICI: Plzen-jih, Bohemia

"Bren-Proritschen, south of Pilsen. The Jewish settlement probably dates from before 1623, but other sources say after the Thirty Years War. These Jews lived in several houses in the village rebuilt because of damage by fire and flood. The "Jewish road" built in 1680 had original buildings including the cheder or butcher´s house, with its original black kosher kitchen divided into two parts. Most of the original buildings preserved have been renovated including farm buildings along the road to Pilsen, some built old country style. The synagogue stood until 1946 by the brook behind the Jewish house. The mikvas were situated there too. The number of Jews was continuously increased so that in 1825 they built a hospital. In 1865 match works with a branch of Pilsen were established by the Jewish businessman Eckstein. The match factory in Susice replaced it. Later, the number of Jews decreased until just before WWII when eight men and women were deported. Only two women returned from the concentration camps. Frantisek Ehrman and his wife survived the Holocaust because Matej Homola hid them in his house in Nechanice for two and a half years. The Jewish cemetery is situated on the hill on the edge of the village. Recently reconstructed, several old tombstones with rich sculptural decoration and some newer tombstones remain. [February 2009]

US Commission No. CZCE000402 Alternate German name: Brennporitschen and Breen-Poritschen. Spalene Porici is located in Bohemia-Plzen-jih (Pilsen-South), 14 km S of Rokycany and 21 km SE of Plzen. Cemetery: 250 meters NW of Catholic church in Prazska Street. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews. Town: Mestsky Urad, 335 61 Spalene Porici; tel. 0185/941-36. Regional: Okresni Urad-Referat Kultury, Radobycicka 14, 317 07 Plzen and Jewish congregation: Zidovska Nabozenska Obec, Smetany sady 5, 331 37 Plzen; tel. 019/357-49 and Pamatkovy ustav, Dominikanska 4/6, 301 00 Plzen; tel. 019/376-78 or 358-71. Interested: Statni Zidovske Muzeum, Jachymova 3, 110 01 Praha 1; tel. 02/231-06-34 or 231-07-85; and Okresni Muzeum, 336 01 Blovice 148; tel. 0185/157. Earliest known Jewish community was prayer house or synagogue recorded in 1650 (allegedly existed in late 16th century.) 1930 Jewish population was 23. Peak Jewish population was in second half of 18th-early 19th century with 160 people in 1783. In late 19th century and early 20th, Jews moved to big towns. Jewish resident was Kabalist Mordechai Goldscheider. The Jewish cemetery originated allegedly in late 16th century but probably in 17th century and recorded in 1783 with last known Conservative Jewish burial before 1943. Tenovice (German: Teniowitz) and Cicov (German: Tschitschow), 2 km and 5 km away, used this landmarked cemetery (Registration Number 4527). The isolated suburban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all via a broken masonry wall and non-locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.1036 ha. 20-100 stones, most in original location, date from 1801-20th century. The marble, granite and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, double tombstones or multi-stone monuments with Hebrew, German and Czech inscriptions. The cemetery has no special sections or structures. Plzen Jewish community owns Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural and residential. Rarely, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred in 1945-1981 (after 1966) but liquidation of cemetery was planned in 1986. Jewish groups within country and abroad (group of 15 young persons with Rabbi Goldste from Northwood and Pinner Liberal Synagogue in London) did restoration in 1990 and 1992. Now, there is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals and authorities. Slight threats: weather erosion and vegetation. Dr. Peter Braun, Komenskeho 43, 323 13 Plzen; tel. 019/52-15-58 and Rudolf Loey, Jesenicka 33, 323 23 Plzen; tel. 019/52-06-84 and Jiri Fiedler, z"l, Brickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 1 September 1992. Documentation: Jahrbuch fur die israelische Cultusgemeinden Bohemens (1894-1895); Hugo Gold: Die Juden und Judengemeinden Bohemens (1934); Jan Herman: Jewish Cemeteries in Bohemia and Moravia (1980); notes of Vaclav Davidek: Nase Spalenoproricksko (1942) Statni Zidovske Muzeum Praha (from 1955 and 1966). No site visits or interviews occurred. Last Updated on Thursday, 26 February 2009 12:14" Accessed November 25, 2017.