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Jewish Families of Będzin, Poland

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Profiles

  • Hadassah Pardes (1913 - 2004)
  • Leib Arie Yehuda Kaminer (1916 - d.)
    Leib Yehuda Arie Kaminer was born in Będzin, Poland in 1916 to Moshe and Rivka. He was single. Prior to WWII he lived in Będzin, Poland. During the war he was in Będzin, Poland. Leib yehuda arie was ...
  • Rachel Charna Kaminer (1912 - d.)
    Rachel Kaminer was born in Będzin, Poland in 1912 to Moshe and Yokheved. She was single. Prior to WWII she lived in Będzin, Poland. During the war she was in Będzin, Poland. Rachel was murdered in th...
  • Miriam Alta Kaminer (1910 - d.)
    Miriam Kaminer nee Kaminer was born in Warszawa, Poland in 1910 to Moshe and Rivka. She was married to Elchanan. Prior to WWII she lived in Będzin, Poland. During the war she was in Będzin, Poland. M...
  • YonTov Lipa Kaminer (1862 - 1937)

Będzin, Poland lies in the Silesian Highlands and belongs to historic Lesser Poland. It is one of the oldest towns of this province.

First mention of the village of Będzin comes from 1301, but a settlement (or a grod) had existed here since the 9th century, guarding ancient trade route from Kiev to Western Europe. In the 1340s, a town was founded here, with King Casimir III the Great building a stone strongpoint.

Jews of Będzin

Until World War II, Będzin had a vibrant Jewish community. According to the Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 21,200, Jews constituted 10,800 (around 51% percent).[According to the 1921 census the town had a Jewish community consisting of 17,298 people, or 62.1 percent of its total population. In September 1939, the German Army (Wehrmacht) overran this area, followed by the SS death squads (Einsatzgruppen), who burned the Będzin synagogue and murdered 200 Jewish inhabitants. A Będzin Ghetto was created in 1942. Eventually, in the summer of 1943, most of the Jews in Będzin were deported to the nearby German concentration camp at Auschwitz.

Since Będzin was one of the last Polish communities to be liquidated, there are a relatively large number of survivors from there, and an extensive collection of their personal photographs were recovered, offering photographic insight into the pre-war life there.

Notable inhabitants

  1. Rutka Laskier, diarist (1929–1943)
  2. Jean-Marie Lustiger's parents
  3. Joshua Prawer, Israeli historian, founder of the crusader studies (1917–1990)
  4. Andrzej Kubica, former football player (1972- )[7]
  5. Janusz Gajos, actor (1939- )
  6. Grzegorz Dolniak, politician (1960–2010)
  7. Marcel Marceau's father Charles (1895-1944) deported from France and killed at Auschwitz
  8. Sam Pivnik, birthname Szmuel Piwnik, (1926-), Holocaust survivor and writer of the book Survivor: Auschwitz, The Death March and My Fight for Freedom
  9. Reb Mendel Rozenzaft
  10. Josef Rosensaft
  11. The Artisans
  12. Bedzin Jewish Characters
  1. Będzin Ghetto
  2. A small town near Auschwitz: 70 years on
  3. Będzin, royal town in southern Poland Yivo
  • Daniel Blatman, “Bendz´in / Będzin,” in Pinkas ha-kehilot: Polin, vol. 7, Meḥozot Lublin / Kyeltseh, pp. 101–115 (Jerusalem, 1999);
  • Wojciech Jaworski, Żydzi będzińscy: Dzieje, zagłada (Będzin, Pol., 1993);
  • Abraham S. Stein, ed., Pinkas Bendin (Tel Aviv, 1959).