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Jewish families from Hroznětín, Nejdek and Jachymov (Lichtenstadt, Neudek and Sankt Joachimstal), Bohemia, Czech Republic

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  • Ester Fanni Seligmann (1814 - d.)
    Birth record: BEČOV NAD TEPLOU (o. Karlovy Vary) 21 N 1788-1868 (i) (10/76) She lived in house number 24 in Becov in 1814.
  • Moises Sachs (1806 - d.)
    STRAKONICE 1934 N 1788-1839 image 6 : 127 HBF XIII/X Práchenský Osek; folio: 101 image 46
  • Marie Stein (1853 - d.)
    HBMa1355 NEJDEK (o. Karlovy Vary) Birth image 3 Birth record: HROZNĚTÍN (o. Karlovy Vary) 534N 1839-1905 (i), 1909 (45/147)
  • Theresia Stein (deceased)

This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Hroznětín, Nejdek and Jachymov (Lichtenstadt/Lichtenstein, Neudek and Sankt Joachimstal) in Bohemia, Czech Republic.

From the Jewish Cemetery Project;

http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/czech-republic/hroznetin.html

US Commission No. CZCE000277 [also see Karlovy Vary] Alternate names: (German) Lichtenstadt and (Hebrew) Lash in Karlovy Vary, Bohemia at 50°18' N, 12°52' E , 5 km W of Ostrov and 6 miles N of Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad). Cemetery: 800 meters NW of square. Present town population is 1000-5000 with no Jews. Town: Obecni urad, Krusnohorske namesti 1, 362 33 Hroznetin; tel. 0164/8201. Regional: 1. Okresni Urad, Referat Kultury, 360 01 Karlovy Vary; tel. 017/266-21; 2. Zidovska Nabozenska Obec, Ceskoslovenske armady 39, 360 01 Karlovy Vary; and 3. Pamatkovy ustav, Dominkanska 4, 301 00 Plzen; tel. 019/376-78 or 358-71. Interested: 1. Statni zidkovske Muzeum, Jachymova 3, 110 01 Praha 1; tel. 02/231-06-34, 231-07-85; and 2. Karlovarske Muzeum, Zamecky vrch 2, 360 01 Karlovy Vary; tel. 017/269-95.

Earliest known Jewish community was early 17th century but probably earlier. 1930 Jewish population was nine. This dominant congregation in Karlovy Vary region had about 70 families permitted in first half of 19th century and was the seat of regional rabbis for counties of Zatec (Saaz), Loket (Elbogen) and was "Primator of Bohemian Jewry". After 1850, Jews moved to Karlovy Vary and other big towns, but an independent congregation (i.e., 120 in all area of congregation in 1921) existed until Kristallnacht in 1938. Abraham Aron Lichtenstadt (d. 1702) lived here as did regional rabbis and the ancestors of Lichtenstadt and Lash families. Jewish cemetery originated before 1618. Buried in the cemetery are rabbis; landesrabbiner of Moravia, Mordechai ben Abraham Benet, aka Marcus Benedikt, (1753-1829), exhumed in 1830 and others who came to Carlsbad Spa to die with last known Jewish burial before WWII.

The Jewish community was Conservative. Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), 9 km away, used this landmarked cemetery (number 120/828/Cat. II) before 1869 and Nejdek (Ger: Neudek), 10 km away, before 1914. The rural isolated wooded hillside has no sign. Reached by turning directly crossing a private forest, access is open via a broken masonry wall and non-locking gate. Size of cemetery before and after WWII was 0.6 ha. 100-500 gravestones, 1-20 not in original locations and 25%-50% toppled or broken, date from 1684-20th century. The marble, granite, and limestone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration, double tombstones, or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and German inscriptions. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Karlovy Vary Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are forest. Occasionally, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred prior to World War II and continuously since then. Local non-Jewish residents cleared vegetation in 1990. Care now is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals with no caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Security (uncontrolled access to the secluded spot) and lumberjacking are serious threats. Weather erosion and vandalism are moderate threats. The vegetation overgrowth seasonally prevents access.

Dr. Peter Braun, Komenskeho 43, 323 13 Plzen; tel. 019/52-15-58; 2. Rudolf Lowy, Jesenicka 33, 323 23 Plzen; tel. (019) 52-06-84; and Jiri Fiedler, z"l, Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 30 October 1992. Documentation: 1. 1674, 1724, 1830, 1921, and 1930 Censuses; 2. Die Juden and Judengemeinden Bohemens and Moravia (1934); 3. Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971); 4. Josef Pilz: Geschichte der Stadt Neudek (1923); 5. Notes of Statni Zidovske Muzeum Praha; and 6. Monthly Arnika, 1982, No. 2. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible: records No. 35 and 36 in Karlovy Vary congregation archives. Braun and Lowy visited site in May 1992 and interviewed Vlastimila Hamackova in 1992 at Statni Zidovske Muzeum, Praha. Last Updated on Friday, 13 February 2009 15:01. Accessed January 2017.

From the Jewish Virtual Library:

"HROZNETIN (Czech Hroznětín; Ger. Lichtenstadt, Heb. לייש), town in N.W. Bohemia, Czech Republic. The presence of Jews in Hroznetin is first documented in 1503. In the 17th and 18th centuries it was one of the most important communities in Bohemia and seat of the primator of Bohemian Jewry, Abraham Aaron *Lichtenstadt. It is frequently mentioned in responsa of this time and among Jews who regularly attended the *Leipzig fair. Hroznetin Jews had business connections with nearby *Carlsbad, where some of them lived illegally, laying the foundation for the later community. Lichtenstadt, and the Hebrew abbreviation Lash, occur frequently as a family name. In 1570, 16 Jewish families lived in Hroznetin, in 1708 the community numbered 298; 47 families were recorded in 1724, 457 persons in 1857 (29% of the total population), 77 in 1869, 44 in 1921, and 7 in 1932. The community ceased to exist before World War II.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

H. Treixler, in H. Gold (ed.), Die Juden und Judengemeinden Boehmens in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart (1934), 378–82; I. Ziegler, Dokumente zur Geschichte der Juden in Karlsbad (1913), 29 and passim; S. Krauss, in: Zeitschrift fuer die Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, 2 (1931/32), 147–9; M. Lamed, in: BLBI, 8 (1965), 302–11.

[Jan Herman]" Accessed March 2016.