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  • Berthold Kahn (1886 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Kahn, Berthold geboren am 12. November 1886 in Memmelsdorf i. Mainfranken / Ebern / Bayern wohnhaft in München Deportationsziel: ab M...
  • Mina Kahn (1894 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Kahn, Mina Minna geborene Lemberger geboren am 09. Februar 1894 in Rexingen / Horb a. Neckar / Württemberg wohnhaft in München ...
  • Friederike Mayer (1888 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Mayer, Friederike geborene Freudenberger geboren am 12. Oktober 1888 in Göppingen / - / Württemberg wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Mai...
  • Annie Caspari (1900 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Caspari, Annie Aniela geborene Naphtali geboren am 16. Mai 1900 in Breslau / - / Schlesien wohnhaft in München Deportationsziel: ab M...
  • Erna Segalowitz (1905 - c.1944)

The Kaunas (Kovno) pogrom, under the direction of the Nazi SS Brigadeführer Franz Walter Stahlecker, was a massacre of Jewish people living in Kaunas, Lithuania that took place in from June 25 to June 29, 1941 – the first days of the Operation Barbarossa and of Nazi occupation of Lithuania. The most infamous incident occurred in the Lietūkis garrage, where several Jews were publicly tortured and executed on June 26. After June, systematic executions took place at various forts of the Kaunas Fortress, especially the Seventh and Ninth Forts. Starting on June 25, Nazi-organized units attacked Jewish civilians in the Kaunas suburb of Slobodka (known to Lithuanians as Vilijampolė, a Jewish suburb hosting the world-famous Slobodka yeshiva). As of June 28, 1941, according to Stahlecker, 3,800 people had been killed in Kaunas and a further 1,200 in other towns in the immediate region. Some believe Stahlecker exaggerated his accomplishments.

At least 5,000 Lithuanian Jews of Kaunas, largely taken from the city's Jewish ghetto, were transported to the Ninth Fort and killed. In addition, Jews from as far as France, Austria and Germany were brought to Kaunas during the course of Nazi occupation and executed in the Ninth Fort. In 1944, as the Soviets moved in, the Germans liquidated the ghetto and what had by then come to be known as the "Fort of Death", and the prisoners were dispersed to other camps. After World War II, the Soviets again used the Ninth Fort as a prison for several years.


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