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Majdanek Concentration Camp - מחנה ההשמדה מאידאנק

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  • Walter Eckstein (1908 - 1942)
    Birth record: KADAŇ 732 N 1895-1937 (i) (16/29) Testimony: Walter Eckstein was born to Edwin and Berta. He was single. Prior to WWII he lived in Louny, Czechoslovakia. During the war he was in...
  • Alois Löwy (1897 - 1942)
    Birth record: TOUŽIM 2146 N 1840-1936 (80/85) Death record: Born 07. 07. 1897 Last residence before deportation: Prague XIII Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague X...
  • Bernhard Bodenheimer (1895 - 1942)
    Memorial Book: Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933 - 1945 Bodenheimer, Bernhard born on 24th July 1895 in Darmstadt / - / Hessen resident o...
  • Hans Fürnberg (1903 - 1942)
    Born 27. 08. 1903 Last residence before deportation: Třebíč Transport Aw, no. 439 (22. 05. 1942, Třebíč -> Terezín) Transport Az, no. 637 (25....
  • Siegfried Schaumberg (1925 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schaumberg, Siegfried geboren am 15. April 1925 in Schweinsberg / Kirchhain / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Schweinsberg und Frankfurt a. Main ...

Majdanek Concentration Camp was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,000 of them Polish Jews) during the 34 months of its operation.

The name 'Majdanek' ("little Majdan") derives from the nearby Majdan Tatarski ("Tatar Maidan") district of Lublin, and was given to the camp in 1941 by the locals, who were aware of its existence. In Nazi documents, and for reasons related to its funding, Majdanek was initially "Prisoner of War Camp of the Waffen-SS in Lublin". It was renamed "Konzentrationslager Lublin" (Concentration Camp Lublin) in February 1943.

Among German Nazi concentration camps, Majdanek was unusual in that it was located near a major city, not hidden away at a remote rural location.

It is also notable as the best-preserved concentration camp of the Holocaust - there had been too little time for the Nazis to destroy the evidence before the Red Army arrived.

El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer