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Maly Trostenets Extermination Camp

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  • Paul Schwarz (1908 - 1942)
    A thief that had been punished several times, robbing his mother about jewelery. Born 08. 06. 1908 Last residence before deportation: Prague I Transport AAu, no. 566 (27. 07. 1942, Prague -> ...
  • Eva Schwarz (1920 - 1942)
    Born 09. 02. 1920 Last residence before deportation: Prague I Transport AAu, no. 567 (27. 07. 1942, Prague -> Terezín) Transport Bc, no. 789 (25. 08. 1942, Terezín -> Maly Trostinec) Murdered
  • Rosalie Bloch (1873 - 1942)
    Marriage: "Österreich, Niederösterreich, Wien, Matriken der Israelitischen Kultusgemeinde, 1784-1911," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 25 January 2018), Eduard Bloch and Rosalie Rindler, ; citin...
  • Karl Poláček (1877 - 1942)
    Birth: [HBMa inv c. 45 Benešov N 1877 Folio 12 Number 469 ] Death:
  • Elsa Poláček (1889 - c.1942)
    Death:

The Maly Trostenets, or Maly Trascianiec, concentration camp sits on the outskirts of Minsk, Belarus, originally built by the Nazis in the summer of 1941, on the site of a Soviet kolkhoz (a collective farm).

The camp initially held Soviet prisoners of war that were captured after the German advance on the Soviet Union, which began on June 22, 1941, known as Operation Barbarossa. But it became a Vernichtungslager, or an extermination camp, on May 10, 1942, when the first transport of Jews arrived there, from Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, Austria, and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (present-day Czech Republic).

Many were even killed before reaching the camp, as they were brought to the nearby Blagovshchina (Благовщина) and Shashkovka (Шашковка) Forests, where they were shot in the back of the neck. Most of the victims were lined up in front of large pits and shot. Tractors then flattened the pits out. The prisoners in the camp were forced to sort through the victims’ possessions and maintain the camp. However, the primary purpose of the extermination camp was the eradication of the Jewish population of Minsk and the surrounding areas, by means of mobile gas chambers.

In 1943, the Germans began mass extermination of the prisoners in the camp. For more, see http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/malytrostenets.html.