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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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  • Brig. General Joshua Chamberlain (USA) (1828 - 1914)
    Brigadier General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain , Civil War hero, Governor of Maine, and President of Bowdoin college, was awarded the Medal of Honor for his gallantry at Gettysburg: Joshua Lawrence ...
  • Capt. William S. Hubbell, Medal of Honor (1837 - 1930)
    Citation Led out a small flanking party and by a clash and at great risk captured a large number of prisoners. William Stone Hubbell (April 19, 1837 – August 28, 1930) was a United State...
  • Otis O. Roberts, Medal of Honor (USA) (1842 - 1930)
    Sergeant Otis O. Roberts, Company H - Medal of Honor recipient for action at the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station Birth: Mar. 20, 1842 Sangerville Piscataquis County Maine, USA Death: Feb. 8...
  • Major General Francis J. Herron (USA) (1837 - 1902)
    Francis Jay Herron (February 17, 1837 – January 8, 1902), was a Union general during the American Civil War. Honors A bronze bust of Herron (sculpted by Solon Borglum) was erected in Jan...
  • Lt. Colonel Charles E. Capehart (USA) (1833 - 1911)
    Charles E. Capehart (1833–1911) was an officer in the U.S. Cavalry during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for action following the Battle of Gettysburg on July 4, 1863...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously