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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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    Sgt. (USA) James May Rutter, Medal of Honor (1841 - 1907)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served as a Sergeant in the Union Army in Company C, 143d Pennsylvania Infantry. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on July 1, 1863 at Get...
  • Lt. Col. James Madison Cutts, USA (1837 - 1903)
    Captain James Madison Cutts Jr. was an American soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Cutts received the country's highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his actions d...
  • Edward J. Bebb, Medal of Honor (1839 - 1916)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Served in the Civil War as a Private in Company D, 4th lowa Volunteer Cavalry. He was awarded the CMOH for his bravery at Columbus, Georgia on April ...
  • Lt. Colonel (USA), William Y. W. Ripley (1832 - 1906)
    William Young Warren Ripley (December 31, 1832 -- December 16, 1905) was a Union Army officer from Vermont in the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for heroism at the Battle of Malve...
  • William W Halstead (1832 - 1901)
    Medal Of Honor recipient Coxswain William W Halstead, United States Civil War Birth 2 Feb 1832 - William W Halstead was born On Board an Erie Canal Barge, In the vicinity of: Schroppel, Oswego, New...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously