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Medal of Honor recipients, American Civil War

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  • Sgt. (USA), Charles Henry Ilgenfritz (1837 - 1920)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He was a First Sergeant in the Union Army. He was awarded the Medal of Honor as a Sergeant in Company E, 207th Pennsylvania Infantry for action on Apri...
  • Brevet Maj. Louis Jeanottelle Sacriste, Medal of Honor (1843 - 1904)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. He served as a Brevet Major in the Union Army. He was awarded the Medal of Honor as a First Lieutenant in Company D, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry for ...
  • Major (USA), Charles C. Davis, Medal of Honor Recipient (1830 - 1909)
    Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. Served during the Civil War as the Major of the 7th Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery in action on June...
  • Pvt. Wesley Poland, USA (1842 - 1862)
    Killed in action in the Battle of Stones River. Served in Co. D, 1st Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
  • Charles H. Weeks (1837 - d.)
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Captain of the Foretop Charles H. Weeks, United States Navy, for extraordinary...

Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States…" Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously