Histpric County of England
Middlesex is an area in England, mostly covered by Greater London. It is one of the 39 historical counties of England. It includes the City of London, which was self-governing from the thirteenth century. London's northwestern suburbs steadily covered large parts of Middlesex, especially following the coming of the railways.
The administrative and historic boundaries around Middlesex diverged very early on, with the recognition of the City of London as an independent county borough.
In 1888 much of the area became part of the County of London - the present-day boroughs of Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Kensington and Chelsea, Islington, Tower Hamlets and Westminster were removed.
During the next few decades the county became almost entirely urbanised by suburbs of London. Towards the end of the period, many of the boroughs in the area were demanding independence from Middlesex County Council as county boroughs, which if granted would have left Middlesex County Council controlling an area with three distinct and unconnected fragments - in the west, the south-east and the north of the county.
Instead, in 1965, nearly all the remainder of Middlesex was subsumed by the new Greater London except the Potters Bar district; which was ceded to Hertfordshire, and the district of Spelthorne, which were ceded to Surrey. The greater part went to form the new London boroughs of Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Hillingdon, and Hounslow.
Middlesex is still used as a placename, and exists in the name of such organisations as the Middlesex County Cricket Club or Middlesex University. Royal Mail guidelines now leave the use on letters of the historic county, administrative county, or no county at all up to the personal preference of the addresser, and Middlesex is consequently commonly found on addresses outside the London postal districts (and sometimes, even within). From an organisational point of view the Royal Mail does however recognise the existance of an area called Middlesex as one of the Postal counties of England but confusingly it is not identical to the historic county boundaries - not only have large sections formed part of the London postal district but elsewhere the borders occasionally follow a different course, such as the village of Denham which is in both the traditional and administrative county of Buckinghamshire but in the postal county of Middlesex.
In the area around Richmond upon Thames and Twickenham, one bank of the River Thames is often referred to as the "Middlesex Bank" , with "Surrey Bank" for the opposite side of the river - this identification is especially useful where the river flows in a north-westerly direction thus making the terms "north bank" and "south bank" somewhat confusing.
Acton Belgravia - Bethnal Green - Bloomsbury - Brentford Camden Town - Chelsea - Chiswick - Clerkenwell - City of London Ealing - Enfield Town Finsbury - Finsbury Park - Fulham Hackney - Hammersmith - Hampstead - Harlington - Harrow - Hayes, Hillingdon - Highbury - Highgate - Hillingdon - Holborn - Hounslow Isle of Dogs - Islington Kensington - Kentish Town - Maida Vale - Marylebone - Mayfair - Millbank - Muswell Hill Paddington - Pimlico - Poplar - Potters Bar Ruislip St James's - St John's Wood - St Pancras - Shoreditch - Sipson - Spelthorne - Staines - Stepney - Soho - Strand - Stoke Newington -South Mimms Tottenham Uxbridge Wapping - Wembley - Westminster - Whitechapel - Whitehall - Willesden
Middlesex in its final form consisted of the following districts
- Potters Bar
- Wood Green
- Friern Barnet
- Brentford and Chiswick
- Heston and Isleworth
- Hayes and Harlington
- Yiewsley and West Drayton
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If you have any queries please start a discussion linked to this project. (See the menu top right). Please add related projects to the menu on the right. If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and Join the Project. If this option is not available to you then contact a collaborator and ask to be added to the project. As a collaborator you will be able to edit this page. Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you.