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Minsk Ghetto גטו מינסק

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  • Helene Gottschalk (1924 - aft.1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Helene geboren am 14. Februar 1924 in Kerpen / Bergheim / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kerpen Deportation: ab Köln 20. Juli 1942, Minsk Maly Trost...
  • Leo Gottschalk (1922 - aft.1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Leo geboren am 11. Oktober 1922 in Kerpen / Bergheim / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kerpen Deportation: ab Köln 20. Juli 1942, Minsk Maly Trostine...
  • Therese Gottschalk (1897 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Therese geborene Levy geboren am 23. März 1897 in Türnich / Bergheim / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kerpen Deportation: ab Köln 20. Juli 1942, Min...
  • Moritz Gottschalk (1883 - aft.1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Moritz geboren am 07. April 1883 in Glesch / Bergheim / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kerpen Deportation: ab Köln 20. Juli 1942, Minsk Maly Trostin...
  • Helga Leiser (1933 - 1942)
    born on 19th October 1933 in Köln / - / Rheinprovinz resident of Dornum and Kerpen Deportation destination: from Köln 20th July 1942, Minsk Maly Trostinec, killing field cf. also:

The Minsk Ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It was one of the largest in Eastern Europe, and the largest in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It housed close to 100,000 Jews, most of whom perished in The Holocaust.

The ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union and capture of the city of Minsk, capital of the Belorussian SSR, on 28 June 1941.

On the fifth day after the occupation, 2,000 Jewish intelligentsia were massacred by the Germans; from then on, murders of Jews became a common occurrence. About 20,000 Jews were murdered within the first few months of the German occupation, mostly by the Einsatsgruppen squads.

The ghetto was liquidated on 21 October 1943, with many Minsk Jews perishing in the Sobibor extermination camp.

Several thousands were massacred at Maly Trostenets extermination camp (before the war, Maly Trostenets was a village a few miles to the east of Minsk). By the time the Red Army retook the city on 3 July 1944, there were only a few Jewish survivors.

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer