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Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery -- בית הקברות היהודי בהר הזיתים

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The Jewish Cemetery on the Mount of Olives, including the Silwan necropolis, is the most ancient and most important Jewish cemetery in Jerusalem. Burial on the Mount of Olives started some 3,000 years ago in the First Temple Period, and continues to this day. The cemetery contains anywhere between 70,000 and 300,000 tombs from various periods, including the tombs of famous figures in Jewish history.

Notable graves

Many famous names are buried in the cemetery such as Rabbi Chaim ibn Attar, known as the Ohr ha-Chaim, and Rabbi Yehuda Alcalay who were among the heralds of Zionism; Hasidic rebbes of various dynasties and Rabbis of "Yishuv haYashan" (the old – pre-Zionist - Jewish settlement) together with Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook, the first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi, and his circle; Henrietta Szold, the founder of the Hadassah organization; the poet Else Lasker-Schüler, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, the father of Modern Hebrew, Shmuel Yosef Agnon, the Nobel Laureate for Literature, and Boris Schatz, the founder of the Bezalel School of Art; Israel's sixth Prime Minister Menachem Begin; the victims of the 1929 Arab riots and 1936–39 Arab revolt, the fallen from the 1948 War of Independence, together with Jews of many generations in their diversity.

Rabbis and religious scholars

Hasidic Rebbes

  • שמחה בונים אלתר - Simcha Bunim Alter (1898-1992), 5th Gerrer rebbe
  • ישראל אלתר - Yisrael Alter (1895-1997), 4th Gerrer rebbe
  • Moshe Biderman, Lelover rebbe
  • Mordechai Shlomo Friedman, Boyaner rebbe of New York City
  • Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, second Bostoner rebbe
  • Maiden of Ludmir, female Hasidic rebbe
  • Yechiel Yehoshua Rabinowicz, Shedlitser rebbe
  • Isamar Rosenbaum, Nadvorna rebbe
  • Shaul Yedidya Elazar Taub, Modzitzer rebbe

Chief Rabbis

  • Solomon Eliezer Alfandari, Chief Rabbi of Damascus and Safed
  • Meir Auerbach, first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem
  • Chaim Berlin, Chief Rabbi of Moscow
  • She'ar Yashuv Cohen, Chief Rabbi of Haifa[19]
  • Haim Douek, Chief Rabbi of Egypt
  • Jacob Saul Elyashar, Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Ottoman Palestine
  • שלמה גורן - Shlomo Goren (1917-1994), Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel
  • לורד עמנואל יעקובוביץ׳ - Lord Immanuel Jakobovits (1921-1997), Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth, London
  • Abraham Isaac Kook, Chief Rabbi of British Mandate Palestine
  • Jacob Meir, Sephardic Chief Rabbi of British Mandate Palestine
  • Meyer Rosenbaum, Chief Rabbi of Cuba
  • Shmuel Salant, Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem
  • Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, Chief Rabbi of the Edah HaChareidis, Jerusalem
  • איסר יהודה אונטרמן - Isser Yehuda Unterman (1886-1976), Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel

Cultural figures

Political figures

Christians - buried on Mount of Olives, but NOT in the Jewish cemetery.