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Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

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  • Regina Sondhelm (1876 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Sondhelm, Regina geboren am 17. Juni 1876 in Wiesenbronn / Kitzingen / Bayern wohnhaft in Wiesenbronn und Bendorf-Sayn (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt) Deportati...
  • Fritz Joelsohn (1889 - 1940)
    kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs
  • Adele Jacobs (1888 - 1939)
    kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs
  • Arthur Jacobs (1883 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Jacobs, Arthur Artur geboren am 15. Februar 1883 in Heiligenhaus / Mettmann / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Heiligenhaus Inhaftierung: 05. Dezember 1936 - Juni...
  • Abraham Bodenheimer (1873 - 1940)
    Demnig tat dies in der inzwischen dritten Wieslocher Aktion für zehn weitere ehemalige jüdische Mitbürger. Darunter auch Adelheid Bodenheimer in der Hesselgasse 3. Über sie ist nur bekannt, dass sie ...

Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945.

The name T4 was an abbreviation of "Tiergartenstraße 4", the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten which was the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil- und Anstaltspflege / Charitable Foundation for Curative and Institutional Care.

During the official stage of Action T4, 70,273 people were killed,but the Nuremberg Trials found evidence that German and Austrian physicians continued the murder of patients after October 1941 and that about 275,000 people were killed under T4. More recent research based on files recovered after 1990 gives a figure of at least 200,000 physically or mentally handicapped people killed by medication, starvation, or in the gas chambers between 1939 and 1945.

in 1940/41 the recorded places of death of the 70,000 Austrian victims were systematically falsified by exchanging these locations among the killing centers in order to hide their actual locations. Each of the T4 facilities in Austria had a Department of Vital Records (Standesamt) for that purpose. SeeÖsterreich.

Killing centers