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Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

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  • James Thomas Rahn (1897 - 1940)
    James Thomas Rahn litt an einem ererbten Hydrocephalus und Schizophrenie.21 Er wurde 1927 in die Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Erlangen eingewiesen. Von dort ist er am 16. September 1940 mit 20 anderen Patie...
  • Sara Stein (1869 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Stein, Sara geborene Künstler geboren am 10. September 1869 in Brünnau / Gerolzhofen / Bayern wohnhaft in Freudental Deportation: Grafeneck, Tötungsanst...
  • Siegfried Bär (1925 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Bär, Siegfried geboren am 14.Mai 1925 in Niederaula / Hersfeld / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Niederaula und Haina / Frankenberg a. d. Eder (Landesheilanstalt)...
  • Friederike ("Friedl") Roth (1900 - 1940)
    Friederike (Friedl) was married to famous writer Joseph Roth. By the end of the 1920s she was permanently ill with schizophrenia. She was murdered as part of the Nazi euthanasia program in Austria in 1...
  • Margot Levin (1920 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Levin, Margot geboren am 29. März 1920 in Preußisch Holland / - / Ostpreußen wohnhaft in Eydtkau (Eydtkuhnen) Deportation: Weilmünster, Heil-und Pflegea...

Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945.

The name T4 was an abbreviation of "Tiergartenstraße 4", the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten which was the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil- und Anstaltspflege / Charitable Foundation for Curative and Institutional Care.

During the official stage of Action T4, 70,273 people were killed,but the Nuremberg Trials found evidence that German and Austrian physicians continued the murder of patients after October 1941 and that about 275,000 people were killed under T4. More recent research based on files recovered after 1990 gives a figure of at least 200,000 physically or mentally handicapped people killed by medication, starvation, or in the gas chambers between 1939 and 1945.

in 1940/41 the recorded places of death of the 70,000 Austrian victims were systematically falsified by exchanging these locations among the killing centers in order to hide their actual locations. Each of the T4 facilities in Austria had a Department of Vital Records (Standesamt) for that purpose. SeeÖsterreich.

Killing centers

See also