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Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

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  • Trude Henriette Meyer (1910 - 1942)
    Die Einweisung von Trude Henriette Meyer in die Heilund Pflegeanstalt Erlangen erfolgte am 4. Dezember 1940. Sie wurde am 30. Januar 1941 als „gebessert“ entlassen. Wann sie danach in die Israelitische...
  • Hermann Herschel Erreich (1895 - 1940)
    : Erreich, Hermann Hersch Herschel born on the 26th October 1895 in Nowy Zmigrod/Jaslo/Galizien residing in Karlsruhe / Karlsruhe and in Lörrach and in Hub bei Brühl (Kreispflegeanstalt) Depor...
  • Alfons Blumenfeld-Gerausch, twin (1905 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gerausch, Alfons geboren am 25. März 1905 in Beerberg/Lauban/Schlesien wohnhaft in Köln und in Duisburg und in Bunzlau (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt)...
  • Minna Loewenstein (1875 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Löwenstein, Minna geb. Cohen geboren am 07. September 1875 in Bocholt/Borken/Westfalen wohnhaft in Bendorf-Sayn (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt) DEPORT...
  • Herbert Adler (1907 - 1939)
    kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs

Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945.

The name T4 was an abbreviation of "Tiergartenstraße 4", the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten which was the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil- und Anstaltspflege / Charitable Foundation for Curative and Institutional Care.

During the official stage of Action T4, 70,273 people were killed,but the Nuremberg Trials found evidence that German and Austrian physicians continued the murder of patients after October 1941 and that about 275,000 people were killed under T4. More recent research based on files recovered after 1990 gives a figure of at least 200,000 physically or mentally handicapped people killed by medication, starvation, or in the gas chambers between 1939 and 1945.

in 1940/41 the recorded places of death of the 70,000 Austrian victims were systematically falsified by exchanging these locations among the killing centers in order to hide their actual locations. Each of the T4 facilities in Austria had a Department of Vital Records (Standesamt) for that purpose. SeeÖsterreich.

Killing centers

See also