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Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

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  • Rosalie (Rosa) Braunschild (1873 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Braunschild, Rosa geboren am 05. Dezember 1873 in Nieheim/Höxter/Westfalen wohnhaft in Heidelberg und in Wiesloch (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt) Depo...
  • Willy David Marchand (1897 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Marchand, Willy Wilhelm geboren am 31. März 1897 in Wiesbaden/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Lichtenfels und in Ebensfeld-Kutzenberg (Heil- und Pflegea...
  • Maria Karoline Philomena Ignatia Pauline Josepha Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga von Sachsen Coburg und Gotha (1899 - 1941)
    The Princess who was gassed by the Nazis After the First World War, several of Europe’s monarchies fell, and among them were the German and Austrian-Hungarian Empires. While many of the royalty in the...
  • Kurt Robert* Mokrauer (1878 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Mokrauer, Robert geboren am 21. Juni 1878 in Kattowitz (poln. Katowice)/Schlesien wohnhaft in Berlin (Neukölln) und in Meseritz-Obrawalde (Landesh...
  • Heinz Wolfers (1908 - 1940)
    cf.: kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs

Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945.

The name T4 was an abbreviation of "Tiergartenstraße 4", the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten which was the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil- und Anstaltspflege / Charitable Foundation for Curative and Institutional Care.

During the official stage of Action T4, 70,273 people were killed,but the Nuremberg Trials found evidence that German and Austrian physicians continued the murder of patients after October 1941 and that about 275,000 people were killed under T4. More recent research based on files recovered after 1990 gives a figure of at least 200,000 physically or mentally handicapped people killed by medication, starvation, or in the gas chambers between 1939 and 1945.

in 1940/41 the recorded places of death of the 70,000 Austrian victims were systematically falsified by exchanging these locations among the killing centers in order to hide their actual locations. Each of the T4 facilities in Austria had a Department of Vital Records (Standesamt) for that purpose. SeeÖsterreich.

Killing centers

See also