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Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

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  • Ernst Samson (1889 - aft.1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Samson, Ernst geboren am 22. August 1889 in Potsdam / - / Brandenburg wohnhaft in Neuruppin (Landesanstalt) Deportation: ab Neuruppin (Landesanstalt) 18...
  • Julius Michel (1886 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Michel, Julius geboren am 20. April 1886 in Pudewitz (poln. Pobiedziska) / Schroda / Posen wohnhaft in Berlin (Buch) (Heil- und Pflegeanstalt) Deportati...
  • Margarethe Windmüller (1883 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Windmüller, Margarethe geborene Simon geboren am 11. März 1883 in Hamburg / - / Hansestadt Hamburg wohnhaft in Hamburg und Hamburg (Langenhorn) (Heil- und...
  • Kurt Pottlitzer (1901 - 1940)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Pottlitzer, Kurt geboren am 19. Juli 1901 in Freystadt i. Westpreußen / Rosenberg i. Westpreußen / Westpreußen wohnhaft in Eberswalde (Heil- und Pflegeans...
  • Blanka Frank (1894 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Frank, Blanka geborene Wolfeiler geboren am 08. November 1894 in Orb, Bad / Gelnhausen / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Eisenach, Hildburghausen und Bendorf-Sa...

Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945.

The name T4 was an abbreviation of "Tiergartenstraße 4", the address of a villa in the Berlin borough of Tiergarten which was the headquarters of the Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Heil- und Anstaltspflege / Charitable Foundation for Curative and Institutional Care.

During the official stage of Action T4, 70,273 people were killed,but the Nuremberg Trials found evidence that German and Austrian physicians continued the murder of patients after October 1941 and that about 275,000 people were killed under T4. More recent research based on files recovered after 1990 gives a figure of at least 200,000 physically or mentally handicapped people killed by medication, starvation, or in the gas chambers between 1939 and 1945.

in 1940/41 the recorded places of death of the 70,000 Austrian victims were systematically falsified by exchanging these locations among the killing centers in order to hide their actual locations. Each of the T4 facilities in Austria had a Department of Vital Records (Standesamt) for that purpose. SeeÖsterreich.

Killing centers