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Profiles

  • Anna Conger Dart (1837 - 1923)
  • Jim Bouton (1939 - 2019)
    Jim Bouton, a pitcher of modest achievement but a celebrated iconoclast who left a lasting mark on baseball as the author of “Ball Four,” a raunchy, shrewd, irreverent — and best-selling — player’s dia...
  • Moe Berg (1902 - 1972)
    "Moe" Berg (March 2, 1902 – May 29, 1972) was an American catcher and coach in Major League Baseball who later served as a spy for the Office of Strategic Services during World War II. Although he play...
  • Brevet Maj. General Stephen W. Kearny, Military Gov. of California (1794 - 1848)
    Information on General Stephen W. Kearny from Wikipedia Stephen Watts Kearny (pronounced /ˈkɑrni/ KAR-nee; surname also appears as Kearney in some historic sources (August 30, 1794 – October 31, 1848),...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Newark, New Jersey.

Official Website

History

Newark was settled in 1666 by Connecticut Puritans led by Robert Treat from the New Haven Colony. It was conceived as a theocratic assembly of the faithful, though this did not last for long as new settlers came with different ideas. On October 31, 1693, it was organized as a New Jersey township based on the Newark Tract, which was first purchased on July 11, 1667. Newark was granted a royal charter on April 27, 1713. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798 by the New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. During its time as a township, portions were taken to form Springfield Township (April 14, 1794), Caldwell Township (February 16, 1798; now known as Fairfield Township), Orange Township (November 27, 1806), Bloomfield Township (March 23, 1812) and Clinton Township (April 14, 1834, remainder reabsorbed by Newark on March 5, 1902). Newark was reincorporated as a city on April 11, 1836, replacing Newark Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 18, 1836. The previously independent Vailsburg borough was annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905. In 1926, South Orange Township changed its name to Maplewood. As a result of this, a portion of Maplewood known as Ivy Hill was re-annexed to Newark's Vailsburg.

The name of the city is thought to derive from Newark-on-Trent, England, because of the influence of the original pastor, Abraham Pierson, who came from Yorkshire but may have ministered in Newark, Nottinghamshire. But Pierson is also supposed to have said that the community reflecting the new task at hand should be named "New Ark" for "New Ark of the Covenant" and some of the colonists saw it as "New-Work", the settlers' new work with God. Whatever the origins, the name was shortened to Newark, although references to the name "New Ark" are found in preserved letters written by historical figures such as David Ogden in his claim for compensation, and James McHenry, as late as 1787.

During the American Revolutionary War, British troops made several raids into the town. The city saw tremendous industrial and population growth during the 19th century and early 20th century, and experienced racial tension and urban decline in the second half of the 20th century, culminating in the 1967 Newark riots.

The city has experienced revitalization since the 1990s. In 2018, the city passed legislation to protect residents from displacement brought about by gentrification.

Today, Port Newark–Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the U.S. East Coast. Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.

Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, PSEG, Panasonic Corporation of North America, Audible.com, IDT Corporation, and Manischewitz. A number of important higher education institutions are also in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University (which includes law and medical schools and the Rutgers Institute of Jazz Studies); University Hospital (formerly the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey which included the schools of medicine and dentistry now under Rutgers University); the New Jersey Institute of Technology; and Seton Hall University's law school. The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey sits in the city as well. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall, the Prudential Center and The Newark Museum of Art.

Neighborhoods

North Ward

  • Broadway
  • Forest Hill
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Roseville
  • Seventh Avenue
  • Woodside

South Ward

  • Clinton Hill
  • Dayton
  • Port Newark
  • South Broad Valley
  • Weequahic

Central Ward

  • The Coast/Lincoln Park
  • Downtown Newark
  • Government Center
  • Springfield/Belmont
  • University Heights
  • Teachers Village

East Ward

  • Four Corners
  • Five Corners
  • Gateway Center
  • The Ironbound

West Ward

  • Fairmount
  • Ivy Hill
  • Vailsburg
  • West Side

For a complete history, please see Wikipedia.

Links

Newark Mayors

Virtual Walking Tour of Newark