Nottinghamshire - Main Page
Historic County of England.
- Administrative centre Traditionally Nottingham but the council is now based in West Bridgford, just outside the city.
- County Flower - Nottingham Catchfly
- People from Nottinghamshire are called - ?
- The motto is Sapienter Proficiens - Advancing wisely.
- Famous for:
- Nottingham Lace
- The legend of Robin Hood.
- Sherwood Forest
- Landmarks and Places of Interest
- Nottingham Castle
- Southwell Minster
- Wollaton Hall was built between 1580 and 1588 for Sir Francis Willoughby and is believed to be designed by the Elizabethan architect, Robert Smythson, who was the architect of Hardwick Hall.
- Welbeck Abbey - principal residence of the Dukes of Portland.
- Newstead Abbey - ancestral hom of Lord Byron.
Nottinghamshire (abbreviated Notts.) is a ceremonial county of historic origin in the East Midlands of England bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham over the River Trent.
Nottingham's original name, before the Danes renamed it, was Snotta, or Snot, from Old English meaning "a place abounding with caverns or holes dug underground" and prehistoric people left such dwellings at the bottom of a steep rock under this town.
The name was first recorded in 1016 as Snotinghamscir.
Nottinghamshire, like Derbyshire and South Yorkshire, sits on extensive coal measures, up to 900 metres (3,000 feet) thick and occurring largely in the north of the county. There is an oilfield near Eakring. These are overlaid by sandstones and limestones in the west and clay in the east. The north of the county is part of the Humberhead Levels lacustrine plain. The centre and south west of the county, around Sherwood Forest, features undulating hills with ancient oak woodland. Principal rivers are the Trent, Idle, Erewash and Soar. The Trent, fed by the Soar and Erewash, and Idle, composed of many streams from Sherwood Forest, run through wide and flat valleys, merging at Misterton. A point just north of Newtonwood Lane, on the boundary with Derbyshire is the highest point in Nottinghamshire at 205m., while Silverhill, a spoil heap left by the former Silverhill colliery, a man-made point often cited as the highest, reaches 204m.
Nottinghamshire is sheltered by the Pennines to the west, so receives relatively low rainfall at 641–740 mm (25–29 in) annually. The highest point of the county is Strawberry bank, Huthwaite at 650 feet.
The Districts of Nottinghamshire
- Newark and Sherwood
- Nottingham (Unitary)
Towns of Nottinghamshire
- Beeston - home of Jesse Boot who started work in his mother's herb shop in Nottingham and went on to create and high street phenomenon - Boots the Chemist..
- Blidworth - Sherwood Forest town linked to Robin Hood lore with Will Scarlet reputedly buried there and home to Maid Marian.
- Eastwood - birthplace of D H Lawrence
- Edwinstowe with the remains of the Major Oak supposedly over 1000 years old - the biggest Oak tree in Britain.
- Kirby in Ashfield
- Mansfield Woodhouse
- Newark on Trent - Lady Godiva presented the town as a gift to the monastery at Stow.
- West Bridgford
The regional economy was traditionally based on industries such as coal mining in the Leen Valley and manufacturing. Since the invention of the knitting frame by local William Lee, the county, in particular Nottingham, became synonymous with the lace industry.
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from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers 1984.
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