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  • Arthur Czuczka (1889 - 1942)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Arthur Last Name Czuczka Date of Birth 02.11.1889 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 2, Grosse Schiffgasse 1/3 Deportatio...
  • Wilhelm Singer (1889 - c.1941)
    Basic birth data from IKG-Wien archives courtesy of Nr. 155334 Familienname Singer Vorname Wilhelm Code 1 Vorname des Vaters Ede Name der Mutter Schidlof Vorname der Mutter Gisela Ort ...
  • Ida Münz (1872 - aft.1941)
    DOW: First Name Ida Last Name Münz Date of Birth 28.02.1872 Place of Birth Prag Residence Wien 2, Leopoldsgasse 31 Deportation Wien/Opole Date of Deportation 15.02.1941
  • Leopold Taussig (1882 - aft.1941)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Leopold Last Name Taussig Date of Birth 15.11.1882 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 9, Porzellangasse 58 Deportation Wi...
  • David Matzner (1897 - aft.1941)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name David Last Name Matzner Date of Birth 14.05.1897 Residence Wien 2, Ausstellungsstrasse 29 Deportation Wien/Opole Date of ...

On February 15, 1941, and February 26, 1941, two deportation transports with 2,003 Jewish men, women and children on board left Vienna Aspang Station bound for Opole, a small town south of Lublin. Opole had a long established Jewish community; when war broke out about 4,000 Jews lived here, i.e. about 70 percent of the population, a proportion which rose further after the beginning of the war, as Jews from other parts of Poland were forcefully resettled here.

By March 1941 about 8,000 Jews were deported to the ghetto which had been set up in Opole. The new arrivals were either lodged with resident Jewish families, or in mass accomodation, as for example in a synagogue or in newly erected huts. Beyond Jews from Vienna, the deportees included at least a small set of Jews from Czechoslovakia.

In the ghetto itself no restriction was placed on the freedom of movement of the inmates, and there were no boundary lines, yet it was forbidden on the threat of severe punishment to leave Opole without official permission. Control of the ghetto was undertaken by the security service of the SS (SD), the Gendarmerie and also, as may be concluded from witnesses' testimony, by German army soldiers. The inhabitants of the ghetto were largely dependant on themselves as far as earning a living was concerned. From May 1941 about 800 men capable of work were deployed as forced labourers in Deblin.

The liquidation of Opole ghetto began as early as spring 1942. A transport to Belzec extermination camp left on March 31, 1942, and deportations to Sobibor followed in May and October 1942.

Of the 2,003 Viennese Jews 28 are known to have survived.