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Ottoman empire / Turski sultani

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  • Mehmed VI, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1861 - 1926)
    Mehmed VI (Ottoman Turkish: محمد السادس‎ Meḥmed-i sâdis, وحيد الدين Vahideddin, Turkish: Vahideddin or VI. Mehmed), who is also known as Şahbaba (meaning "Emperor-father") among his relatives, (14 Ja...
  • Mehmed of the Ottoman Empire, V Sultan and Caliph (1844 - 1918)
    Mehmed V Reshad (Ottoman Turkish: محمد خامس Meḥmed-i ẖâmis, Turkish: Mehmed V Reşad or Reşat Mehmet) Mehmed V Reshad (2 November 1844 – 3 July 1918) was the 35th Ottoman Sultan. He was the son of S...
  • II. Abdülhamit, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu padişahı (Sultan of the Ottoman Empire) (1842 - 1918)
    Abdul Hamid II Abdul Hamid II (Ottoman Turkish: عبد الحميد ثانی‎, Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; Turkish: İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 1842-10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and ...
  • Murad V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1840 - 1904)
    Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس‎) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876. He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortakö...
  • Abdülaziz, Osmanlı padişahı (Sultan of the Ottoman Empire) (1830 - 1876)
    Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire or Abdülaziz I (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز / Abdü’l- Azīz, Turkish: I. Abdülaziz; 9 February 1830 – 4 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of...

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Osmanlı padişahları), made up solely of the members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922. At its height, the Ottoman Empire spanned from Hungary in the north to Somalia in the south, and from Algeria in the west to Iran in the east. Administered at first from the city of Bursa, the empire's capital was moved to Edirne in 1363 following its conquest by Murad I, and then to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) in 1453 following its conquest by Mehmed II.

The Ottoman Empire's early years have been the subject of varying narratives due to the difficulty of discerning fact from legend; nevertheless, most modern scholars agree that the empire came into existence around 1299 and that its first ruler (and the namesake of the Empire) was Osman I Khan (leader) of the Kayı tribe of the Oghuz Turks. The eponymous Ottoman dynasty he founded endured for six centuries through the reigns of 36 sultans. The Ottoman Empire disappeared as a result of the defeat of the Central Powers with whom it had allied itself during World War I. The partitioning of the Empire by the victorious Allies and the ensuing Turkish War of Independence led to the abolition of the sultanate in 1922 and the birth of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923.

List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire