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People who died from Respiratory Failure

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Respiratory failure


Project tags: Respiratory failure, cause of death, hypoxemia, hypercapnia,



Respiratory failure is a syndrome in which the respiratory system fails in one or both of its gas exchange functions: oxygenation and carbon dioxide elimination. In practice, it may be classified as either hypoxemic or hypercapnic. The resulting levels of arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be maintained within their normal ranges. A drop in blood oxygenation is known as hypoxemia; a rise in arterial carbon dioxide levels is called hypercapnia. The normal partial pressure reference values are: oxygen PaO2 more than 80 mmHg (11 kPa), and carbon dioxide PaCO2 lesser than 45 mmHg (6.0 kPa). Classification into type I or type II relates to the absence or presence of hypercapnia respectively.

Respiratory failure happens when not enough oxygen passes from your lungs into your blood. Your body's organs, such as your heart and brain, need oxygen-rich blood to work well. Respiratory failure also can happen if your lungs can't remove carbon dioxide (a waste gas) from your blood. Too much carbon dioxide in your blood can harm your body's organs.

Diseases and conditions that affect your breathing can cause respiratory failure. Examples include:

  • Lung diseases such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, and cystic fibrosis
  • Conditions that affect the nerves and muscles that control breathing, such as spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and stroke
  • Damage to the tissues and ribs around the lungs. An injury to the chest can cause this damage.
  • Drug or alcohol overdose. An overdose affects the area of the brain that controls breathing. During an overdose, breathing becomes slow and shallow.
  • Injuries from inhaling smoke or harmful fumes
  • Problems with the spine, such as scoliosis (a curve in the spine). This condition can affect the bones and muscles used for breathing.

Notables who died of Respiratory Failure:

  1. Ranker - Famous People Who Died of Respiratory Failure (142 people listed)
  2. Wikipedia - Category: Deaths from respiratory failure (200 people listed)
  • Marlon Brando (1924-2004) Actor
  • Tupac Shakur (aka Lesane Parish Crooks) (1971-1996) (aka 2Pac) Record producer, Poet, Songwriter, Rapper, Screenwriter
  • Jane Russell (aka Ernestine Jane Geraldine Peoples (Russell) )(1921-2011) Model, Actor
  • Eva Gabor (1919-1995) Socialite, Businessperson, Actor, Musician
  • Dean Martin (aka Dino Paul Crocetti) (1917-1995) Singer, Comedian, Businessperson, Musician, Film Producer
  • Arthur C Clarke (1917-2008) Novelist, Inventor, Author, Actor, Science fiction writer
  • Aaron Copland (1900-1990) Conductor, Film Score Composer, Pianist
  • Miles Davis (1926-1991) American jazz musician, Trumpeter, Bandleader, Composer
  • Jack LaLanne (aka Francois Henri "Jack" LaLanne) (1914-2011) Fitness, exercise & nutritional expert, TV Show Host, Writer
  • Coretta Scott King (1927-2006) Civil rights activist, Author, Singer, Women’s rights activist
  • Will Geer (William Aughe Ghere) (1902-1978) Actor, Social activist, Botanist
  • Althea Gibson (1927-2003) Tennis player, Professional golfer

For Further Reading See:

jump back to Cause of death portal (see under Organ failure)


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