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Princeton Theological Seminary

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  • David Otis Fuller (1903 - 1988)
    David Otis Fuller (November 20, 1903 – February 21, 1988) was a graduate of Wheaton College in Wheaton, Illinois and Princeton Theological Seminary. He pastored Chelsea Baptist Church in Atlantic Cit...
  • Hans Wedell (1881 - 1964)
  • Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802 - 1837)
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Elijah Parish Lovejoy (November 9, 1802 – November 7, 1837) was an American Presbyterian minister, journalist, ...
  • Rev. Charles Hodge, Sr. (1797 - 1878)
    From Wikipedia: Charles Hodge (December 27, 1797, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – June 19, 1878, Princeton, New Jersey) was the principal of Princeton Theological Seminary between 1851 and 1878. A Presb...
  • William Swan Plumer (1802 - 1880)
    •~ William Swan Plumer, son of William Plumer and grandson of Jonathan and Anna Farrell Plumer, was born July 26, 1802 in Griersburg, afterward Darlington, Beaver County, Pa. and died in Baltimore, M...

Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS) is a seminary in Princeton, New Jersey, and the largest of ten seminaries associated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). It is the second-oldest seminary in the United States, founded in 1812 under the auspices of Reverend Dr. Archibald Alexander, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, and the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University).[1][2]

Princeton Seminary has long been influential in theological scholarship, with leading and preeminent biblical scholars and theologians among its faculty and alumni. The Seminary boasts the second largest theological library collection in the world, behind only the Vatican Apostolic Library in Vatican City. These collections are well known, in particular, for the Karl Barth Research Collection in the Center for Barth Studies.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Princeton Theological Seminary received widespread attention for its defense of Calvinistic Presbyterianism, a tradition that became known as Princeton Theology and greatly influenced Evangelicalism during the period. In response to the increasing influence of theological liberalism in the 1920s and the Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy at the institution, several theologians left to form the Westminster Theological Seminary under the leadership of J. Gresham Machen.

Today, the Seminary enrolls 500 students, around 40% of whom are candidates for ministry in the Presbyterian Church. Remaining students are either candidates for ministry in other denominations or pursuing careers in academia or non-theological fields.[3][4] Seminarians hold academic reciprocity with Princeton University as well as the Westminster Choir College of Rider University, New Brunswick Theological Seminary, Jewish Theological Seminary, and the School of Social Work at Rutgers University. The institution also has an ongoing relationship with the Center of Theological Inquiry.[5] In 2012, M. Craig Barnes, former pastor of Shadyside Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was elected as its new president.

The plan to establish a theological seminary in Princeton was in the interests of advancing and extending the theological curriculum. The educational intention was to go beyond the liberal arts course by setting up a postgraduate, professional school in theology. The plan met with enthusiastic approval on the part of authorities at the College of New Jersey, later to become Princeton University, for they were coming to see that specialized training in theology required more attention than they could give. The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church established The Theological Seminary at Princeton, New Jersey in 1812, with the support of the directors of the nearby College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), as the second graduate theological school in the United States. The Seminary remains an institution of the Presbyterian Church (USA), being the largest of the ten theological seminaries affiliated with the 1.8-million-member denomination.[1][6]

In 1812, the Seminary boasted three students and the Reverend Dr. Archibald Alexander as its first professor. By 1815 the number of students had gradually increased and work began on a building: Alexander Hall was designed by John McComb, Jr., a New York architect, and opened in 1817. The original cupola was added in 1827, but it burned in 1913 and was replaced in 1926. The building was simply called "Seminary" until 1893, when it was officially named Alexander Hall. Since its founding, Princeton Seminary has graduated approximately 14,000 men and women who have served the church in many capacities, from pastoral ministry and pastoral care to missionary work, Christian education and leadership in the academy and business.

The seminary was made famous during the 19th and early 20th centuries for its defense of Calvinistic Presbyterianism, particularly by men such as Charles Hodge, B.B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, and Geerhardus Vos. The college was later the center of the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy of the 1920s and 1930s.[7] In 1929, the seminary was reorganized along modernist lines, and in response, Machen, along with three of his colleagues: Oswald T. Allis, Robert Dick Wilson and Cornelius Van Til, resigned, with Machen, Allis and Wilson founding Westminster Theological Seminary in Glenside, Pennsylvania. In 1958, Princeton became a seminary of the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., following a merger between the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. and the United Presbyterian Church of North America, and in 1983, it would become a seminary of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) after the merger between the UPCUSA and the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.