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Ravensbrück Concentration Camp ---- מחנה הריכוז רוונסברוק

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  • Trude Sussholz (1924 - 2006)
    Trude's parents, sister and brothers were taken away in the 1942 deportations while she hid in the attic. She later got fake papers and worked as a seamstress, was finally caught in 1944, taken to Rave...
  • Hildegard Kusserow (1920 - d.)
    Hildegard Kusserow was a German adherent of the Jehovah's Witnesses who was persecuted for her faith during the Nazi regime. According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Hildegard spent fo...
  • Hilda Kusserow (1888 - 1979)
    Hilda Kusserow was a Polish-born German teacher and artist best known for being the matriarch of the Kusserows, a large family of Jehovah's Witnesses persecuted during the Holocaust for their beliefs. ...
  • Markéta Brady (1907 - 1942)
  • Sophia Solomons (1904 - 1942)

El Malle Rachamim Holocaust Prayer

Ravensbrück was a notorious women's concentration camp during World War II, located in northern Germany, 90 km north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel).

Construction of the camp began in November 1938 by SS leader Heinrich Himmler and was unusual in that it was a camp primarily for women. The camp opened in May 1939. In the spring of 1941, the SS authorities established a small men's camp adjacent to the main camp.

Between 1939 and 1945, over 130,000 female prisoners passed through the Ravensbrück camp system, around 40 000 were Polish and 26,000 were Jewish. Between 15,000 and 32,000 of the total survived. Although the inmates came from every country in German-occupied Europe, the largest single national group incarcerated in the camp consisted of Polish women.


מחנה ראוונסבריק היה בתקופת הרייך השלישי מחנה ריכוז בחבל טמפלין שבמדינת ברנדנבורג בגרמניה, בקרבת העיירה פירסטנברג על נהר האפל (אנ'), כמאה קילומטר מצפון לברלין. הוא נחשב למחנה הריכוז (שמאוחר יותר אף הפך למחנה השמדה) לנשים הגדול ביותר בגרמניה.

לפי הערכה בריטית ראשונית משנת 1946, הושמדו במחנה כ-91,000 נשים, אלא שהערכה זו התבררה כגבוהה מדי. לפי מחקרים חדשים יותר, שגם הם נתונים במחלוקת, המדובר ב-25,000 עד 40,000 קורבנות במחנה. מספר זה אינו כולל את אסירי צעדות המוות.